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Last update:26 Apr 2017

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National adaptation strategy • Adopted (2015) Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic (available in Czech language only)
Action plans • Adopted (2017)

National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change(available in Czech language only)

Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments • Completed
Research programs • Currently being undertaken
Climate services / Met Office • Established
Web portal • Established / Under preparation
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies • Under preparation
Training and education resources

• Adopted (2016) 

State program for Environmental Education and Awareness Raising (available in Czech language only)

6th National Communication on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change • Last National Communication Submitted (2014)

The Ministry of the Environment is responsible for the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and relevant EU legislation in the Czech Republic.

The Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic (available in Czech language only) was approved by the Government Resolution no. 861 in October 2015.

The Adaptation Strategy was prepared in line with an EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change and it was adjusted to specific conditions prevalent in the Czech Republic. The document was prepared in cooperation with a number of individual Ministries and organisations. Work was organised within several thematic working groups (e.g. agriculture, water, biodiversity, etc.) and coordinated by the Ministry of the Environment. Final draft was consulted with the Environment Center Charles University in Prague and Global Change Research Centre, Academy of Science (CzechGlobe). The objective of the Adaptation Strategy is to reduce anticipated climate change impacts, adapt to these impacts, maintain good living conditions and develop economic potential for the future generations.

The Adaptation Strategy includes observed climate change impacts and recommends appropriate adaptation measures including their mutual linkages and linkages to mitigation. Adaptation measures are proposed in the following areas: Water regime in landscape and water management, Agriculture, Forest management, Biodiversity and ecosystem services, Urbanized landscape, Health and hygiene, Crisis situations, protection of the population and environment, Tourism and recreation, Transport, Industry and Energy sector.

The Strategic Environmental Assessment process (SEA) of the Adaptation Strategy has been finished in September 2015 followed by the adoption by the Government in October 2015. 

The National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change was developed on the basis of the Adaptation Strategy and adopted in 2017. Action plan was structured according to specific climate change impacts in the Czech Republic: Long-term droughts; Floods and flash floods; Extreme meteorological events (Heavy rainfall, Extremely high temperatures; Extreme wind); and Wild fires.  Action plan contains 33 specific targets and one crosscutting target focused on education and awareness raising. These targets will be implemented through 52 priority measures, which have 160 priority tasks.

The system of indicators for assessment of vulnerability and adaptation to climate change has been introduced in the National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change (2017) and currently is being implemented.

In 2016, the Czech Republic adopted the State Program for Environmental Education and Awareness Raising which contains specific targets and measures focused on education and dissemination of information regarding climate change mitigation and adaptation. 

Additional information on adaptation measures and state of implementation could be found in The Sixth National Communication of the Czech Republic on the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. Adaptation is also one of the most important topics of the State Environmental Policy (2012 to 2020).

The Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic includes 10 priority sectors: Water regime in landscape and water management, Agriculture, Forest management, Biodiversity and ecosystem services, Urbanized landscape, Health and hygiene, Crisis situations, protection of the population and environment, Tourism and recreation, Transport, Industry and Energy sector.

The Ministry of the Environment provides subsidies for adaptation measures within three funding programmes with a special focus on water, nature and landscape protection. All measures that can be supported within these programmes comprise nature protection as well as adaptation effects. The Landscape Programme (available in Czech language only) and the Programme of Renewal of the Natural Function of the Landscape (available in Czech language only) are financed through national resources. The Operational Programme Environment (2014 – 2020) is supported through EU funds. With regard to the specific areas of intervention, priority axis 1.3, Reduction of flood risks,1.4 Flood prevention measures and 6 Improving the state of nature and landscape are the most relevant ones for the adaptation action. The Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for implementation of measures with adaptation and/or mitigation benefits as significant side effects (e.g. afforestation of arable land, organic farming, pool regeneration, gene sources protection) in the agricultural sector. Implementation of these measures is required within cross compliance (GAEC), national legislation and supported from national sources or EU funds (Rural Development Programme, available in Czech language only)). Furthermore, the Ministry of the Environment has developed a comprehensive National Programme Environment, which to some extent focuses on adaptation measures, including cities and municipalities' preparation and development of adaptation strategies and action plans.

Sector

Status

Name of the policy

Water Management

agreed/planned

EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)

EU Flood Directive (2007/60/EC)

Water Act ((Title IV. Water Planning and Title. IX Flood Protection)

River Basin Management Plans in the 2nd cycle

Czech National Flood Protection Strategy

The concept of addressing flood protection in the Czech Republic with the use of technical and natural measures

 

Flood Risk Management Plans 

Health

agreed

Health 2020- National Strategy on Health Protection and Support and Disease Prevention 

Agriculture

agreed

Action Plan for Organic Farming 2011-2015 (next Action Plan for Organic Farming 2016 -2020)is under preparation

Action Plan for Biomass 2012 - 2020

Agriculture and climate change - leaflet

 

Manual for soil protection against water erosion 

Forest management

agreed

Forest Act

Principal Forestry Policy

National Forestry Programme II

 

 

 

Biodiversity and ecosystem services

agreed

Strategy for Biodiversity Protection of the Czech Republic 

Risk prevention and community prevention

agreed

Strategy of Environmental Security

Strategy of Civil Protection

Spatial Development Policy of the Czech Republic – Updated version 1

Strategy for Housing of the Czech Republic 2020

 

Regional Development Strategy of the Czech Republic 2014 -2020

 

 

 

a. Observations and projections

The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) provides information on actual weather conditions and alerts for extreme hydrological and meteorological situations. It also publishes data and information on climate change science, observations and scenarios (available in Czech language only).

The basis for climate change scenario in the Czech Republic comprises of ALADIN-CLIMATE/CZ regional climate model output with 25 km resolution for the 1961–2100 period according to emission scenario SRES A1B, corrected for errors in the model, which were identified when comparing the model simulation for reference period 1961–1990 with actually measured values. Scenario has been prepared for the basic set of climatological elements: average daily temperature, daily precipitation amount, daily sum of global radiation, average daily wind speed, average daily humidity, daily minimum and maximum temperature. Selection of these climatological elements is based on the requirements of individual sectors involved in estimates of climate change impacts. Changes of climatological elements calculated by the ALADIN-CLIMATE/CZ model for 2010–2100 period in accordance with emission scenario SRES A1B are only one of the possible variants of the future climate development. These changes must be included into the context of uncertainties arising from use of various RCMs, governing GCMs and emission scenarios. For the purposes of estimating climate change development in the Czech Republic, we have used, from the set of compiled scenarios, the short-term (2010–2039) and medium-term timeframe (2040–69). The final scenario is a result of an R&D project completed in 2011.

Regarding administration of data and its storage, CHMI and ATACO s.r.o. in Ostrava created the program database of the CLIDATA system, which has been highly praised by WMO. The Czech CLIDATA program system is based on the modern ORACLE database environment. It enables easy transition from older database systems, especially the internationally used CLICOM system. It allows connection of the database with the geographic information system (GIS) and this connection can also be used to control data for other applications. The CLIDATA program system was developed so as to enable simple creation of language mutations and the system is capable of set up in any foreign country and for any meteorological service. In 2013, national meteorological services in 34 countries all over the world (e.g. Guyana, Georgia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Jamaica, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia, Montenegro, etc.) used the CLIDATA system.

b. Impacts & vulnerability assessment

Thorough vulnerability assessment has been undertaken with respect to water management, agriculture, forestry and extreme meteorological and hydrological situations within an R&D project completed in 2011. The Ministry of the Environment has supported additional assessment project - Comprehensive study on impacts, vulnerability and risks sources connected to climate change in the Czech Republic  (Comprehensive study, available in Czech language only), which focused on remaining sectors and areas of interest, such as health, urban environment, biodiversity and ecosystem services, tourism, transport, industry and energy, risk prevention and community protection; as described in the Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic. Comprehensive study includes more information on indicators and cost & benefit analysis.

c. Research

There are many individual projects closely linked to the issue of impacts, vulnerability and assessment of adaptation needs. With regards to the research and development of climate scenarios, the Ministry of the Environment supported two projects that were running from 2007 until 2011.

The first project analysed small river basins with the focus on hydrological aspects of water retention in monitored areas (SP/1A6/151/07). One of its main objectives was to simulate changes in outflow, observe the flood wave throughout the river basin and define subsequent adaptation measures. The other project was focused on the whole area of the Czech Republic (SP/1A6/108/07). Its aim was to observe and collect data relevant for climate modelling, and specify and update climate change scenarios and impacts for the Czech Republic, especially on the water, agriculture and forestry sectors. On the basis of these scenarios, specific adaptation measures were defined.

For each sector, various adaptation measures were defined and assessed according to the geographic and climatic conditions of the Czech Republic. General approaches of adaptation for water management, agriculture and forestry were subsequently proposed. This information was important for the preparation of the draft Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic.

For four of the small river basins that were analysed, detailed maps of adaptation measures were created on the basis of other thematic maps (tectonic, hydrogeological, etc.), observation and assessment of land use. Several adaptation measures such as dry polders, terraces, small retention ponds, country lanes, etc. were proposed.

One of the main project results is the creation of local early warning system that provides detection of flash flood occurrence based on combination of four risk factors (saturation of soil cover with water, hydrophobia of soil surface, water flow in the soil destabilized by gravity and extreme precipitation), which determine the creation of flash floods.

Research projects focused on mitigation and adaptation measures in the agriculture are supported by National Academy for Agricultural Research (NAZV) programmes.

The new public research institute "Global Change Research Centre, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (so called CzechGlobe)" started in spring 2011. It primarily focuses on deep expert knowledge of the Global Change issues, including the climate change and the development of practices that are leading to mitigation or to adaptation to its impacts. The principal activity of the CzechGlobe is a comprehensive scientific research on issues of the global change from broader perspective and its impacts on the atmosphere, terrestrial biota and human society.

a. Governance

The Ministry of the Environment is the main coordinating body responsible for developing, implementing and evaluating the Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic. With regard to particular tasks, the Department of General Nature and Landscape Protection is responsible for the preparation of the document and the Department of Energy and Climate Protection is actively involved in this preparatory phase, including consultations with the CHMI. Implementation tasks are distributed within relevant ministries with respect to their responsibilities in particular topics. Interministerial working group on climate issues has been established in January 2015. This group cooperates, consults and works further on the basis of the Adaptation Strategy and takes part in developing National Action Plan on Adaptation. 

b. Adaptation capacity, dissemination, education, training

In 2014 the Czech Republic launched a new funding programme for adaptation as one of the three environmental funding areas supported by the EEA grants (Agreement on the European Economic Area). In total 6 projects were approved with a focus on 2 main issues – Systems for information exchange on climate change adaptation (dissemination, awareness raising campaigns, education) and Strategies and measures for adapting to a changing climate (strategies, action plans and concrete measures). One of the projects will for example expand and build upon existing web page with focus on adaptation in cities:

http://www.adaptacesidel.cz

Basic information on climate change and adaptation issues with useful links to relevant sources (Climate-ADAPT, EEA, UNFCCC, etc.) is available on the website of the Ministry of the Environment:

http://www.mzp.cz/cz/adaptace_na_zmenu_klimatu

http://www.mzp.cz/cz/adaptacni_strategie_eu

http://www.mzp.cz/en/climate_energy

Each year, the Ministry of the Environment and the State Environmental Fund launch a call for education or consultancy projects with a focus on climate change; e.g. in 2015 the project called "Climate, Climate, Climate" of Eco-counselling center Veronica has been supported.

http://www.veronica.cz/english/?id=22

http://www.projektymzp.cz./

In addition the implementation of the Agenda 21 is broadly supported within Czech municipalities.

http://ma21.cenia.cz/

 

Ministry of the Environment

  • Organisational structure
    • Department of Energy and Climate Protection – Kristyna Cerna
    • Department of General Nature and Landscape Protection– Jakub Horecky
    • Department of Water Protection
       

Czech Hydrometeorological Institute

Ministry of Agriculture

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