Not only does the terrestrial biosphere play an important role in the functioning of the global climate system, but global climate change can have major impacts on the biosphere itself. Climate change is projected to impact agricultural production, forestry, natural ecosystems and biodiversity.
Europe has been particularly active in developing knowledge of changes in land-use and land-cover, including agriculture and forestry, and nature and biodiversity. This has been achieved through a large number of research projects and monitoring programmes.
Much of the available data on the terrestrial biosphere are not immediately related to climate change, but can be useful for determining climate change impacts and vulnerability, and for adaptation studies.
The EEA manages the Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE), a single entry point for data and information on biodiversity in the EU. EEA coordinates the pan-European component of the Copernicus land monitoring services, which produces data in the CORINE land cover data sets which are available for 1990, 2000, 2006 while the 2012 update is under production. Eururalis is a scenario study for land-use in Europe starting with four contrasting world visions and developing these using the major forces driving land use change. The European Forestry Institute (EFI) is running a number of online databases with data and information on different aspects of European forests, forestry and forest research. A logon and password give access to several forestry databases. JRC operates the European Soil Data Centre, the European Forest Data Centre and an agricultural impacts database.
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