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Preparing the ground for adaptation Assessing risks and vulnerabilities to climate change Identifying adaptation options Assessing adaptation options Implementation Monitoring and evaluation

Preparing the ground for adaptation

Estimate human and financial resources needed and identify potential sources of funding for the long term

Funding is available in several EU funding instruments, some national, regional and local funds, as well as from some international financing institutions, such as the European Investment Bank or the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Accessing and combining funding, especially from public and private sources below the EU level, is crucial. EU programmes which are most likely to provide co-funding under shared management for adaptation (many already do) include: the CAP (mainly the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development); the Cohesion fund; the European Regional Development Fund (particularly through INTERREG); Horizon 2020, the EU's new programme for research and innovation which aims to allocate 35% to climate-related expenditure; the European Social Fund; the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

Other key sources of EU funding include the LIFE programme and the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme, targeting mostly small and medium enterprises.

When implementing adaptation action, mainstreaming that aims to create synergies and prevent unnecessary costs will become crucial. Adaptation action can be integrated at low cost into existing instruments for sectoral policies.

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