Monitoring and evaluation
Understanding drivers and purposes
Clarifying the motivating factors behind MRE of adaptation and what it aims to accomplish are the foundations for establishing monitoring, reporting and evaluation systems. These drivers and purposes will have an impact on who should be involved, how roles and responsibilities are allocated and how coordination between relevant actors is organised. These in turn influence the selection of appropriate methods for carrying out MRE and even the extent and ways in which the results can be used and communicated to stakeholders.
Implementation of an adaptation strategy and/or action plan provides a useful focus for monitoring and evaluating progress in adaptation to climate change. The development of MRE systems is often driven by legal and administrative requirements at national or international level. MRE can serve multiple purposes, including tracking progress and effectiveness of adaptation policies, enhancing the knowledge base and awareness of adaptation, increasing accountability, and learning to support improvement of adaptation policies, policymaking and practices.