Assessing risks and vulnerabilities to climate change
2.1 What impacts has the past and current weather had/have on my city/town?
Relevant existing work, such as national risk assessments that many European countries have already carried out, can provide an excellent starting point for answering these questions. Various sources on the internet can give an overview of such relevant work. The CLIMATE-ADAPT database is the main depository of reports and publications relevant for Europe. National and sub-national level research projects and activities can be found in national databases.
Past natural disasters are also being documented in several international disaster databases, such as EM-DAT or Desinventar. On a national level natural hazard information may be collected and maintained either by civil protection or disaster management authorities or the national meteorological service. The insurance sector, in particular the re-insurance companies, also maintain past and current hazard and risk databases, for example Swiss Re provides Sigma and CatNet services and Munich Re maintains NatCat service.
Sector specialists should be consulted within urban areas because they might be collecting local-level data on natural hazards and their impacts and also have knowledge of additional relevant information sources.
If information is not readily publicly available, the above-mentioned and other relevant institutions can be contacted with requests for information. National adaptation support points can provide further guidance as to where to find relevant information.
EU City-specific information
- Climate change adaptation in Delta Cities
- Agglomeration-scale urban climate and air quality projections
- Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change - Guidelines for Municipalities
- Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe 2016 - Transforming cities in a changing climate
- High level quantified assessment of key vulnerabilities and priority risks for urban areas in the EU
- Adaptation Compass
- Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe - Challenges and opportunities for cities together with supportive national and European policies
- DEVELOPMENT AND CONSOLIDATON OF GEOSPATIAL SUSTAINIBILITY SERVICES FOR ADAPTATION TO ENVIRONMENTAL AND CLIMATE CHANGE URBAN IMPACTS
- A flood and heat proof green Emscher valley, Germany
- Complex embankment and dyke systems in the Smeltalė River, Klaipėda city
- Four pillars to Hamburg’s Green Roof Strategy: financial incentive, dialogue, regulation and science
- Integrated system for the safeguard of Venice and its lagoon against flooding (MOSE)
- Integrating climate change adaptation into coastal planning in Šibenik-Knin County (Croatia)
- Operation of the Portuguese Contingency Heatwaves Plan
- Optimization of the mix of private and public funding to realise climate adaptation measures in Malmö
- Public-private partnership for a new flood proof district in Bilbao
- Realisation of flood protection measures for the city of Prague
- Room for the River Regge, Netherlands - restoring dynamics
- Stuttgart: combating the heat island effect and poor air quality with green ventilation corridors
- The economics of managing heavy rains and stormwater in Copenhagen – The Cloudburst Management Plan
- The refurbishment of Gomeznarro park in Madrid focused on storm water retention