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(u'marineINDICATOR', u'biodiversity_ind', u'obs_scen_sea')
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Indicator

Distribution of marine species

Description

  • Increases in regional sea temperatures have triggered a major northward expansion of warmer-water plankton in the North-east Atlantic and a northward retreat of colder-water plankton. This northerly movement is about 10 ° latitude (1 100  km) over the past 40 years, and it seems to have accelerated since 2000.
  • Sub-tropical species are occurring with increasing frequency in European waters, and sub-Arctic species are receding northwards.
  • Further changes in the distribution of marine species are expected, with projected further climate change, but quantitative projections are not available.

Reference information

Websites:
Source:
EEA - Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012 report

Keywords

CLIM015, North Sea, Northward movement, fish, plankton, sea temperature

Climate impacts

Elements

Observations and Scenarios

Sectors

Biodiversity, Marine and Fisheries

Geographic characterization

Global

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