Distribution of marine species
- Increases in regional sea temperatures have triggered a major northward expansion of warmer-water plankton in the North-east Atlantic and a northward retreat of colder-water plankton. This northerly movement is about 10 ° latitude (1 100 km) over the past 40 years, and it seems to have accelerated since 2000.
- Sub-tropical species are occurring with increasing frequency in European waters, and sub-Arctic species are receding northwards.
- Further changes in the distribution of marine species are expected, with projected further climate change, but quantitative projections are not available.