United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively consider what they could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and to cope with whatever impacts were, by then, inevitable. Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate system is the ultimate aim of the UNFCCC. The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. Today, it has near-universal membership. The 195 countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. UNFCCC official website supports arrangements for meetings organised under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. It aims to transmit official documents and reports, and to assist Parties in communicating other information related to the Convention.
The UNFCCC webpages on adaptation highlight the range of issues that are being addressed by Parties under the various Convention bodies, including:
•The Cancun Adaptation Framework, which resulted from negotiations on enhanced action on adaptation as part of the Bali Action Plan under the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)
•Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, development and transfer of technologies, research and systematic observation under the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)
•Issues related to implementing, including national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs), and supporting adaptation through finance, technology and capacity-building under the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)
Successful adaptation not only depends on governments but also on the active and sustained engagement of stakeholders (Nairobi work programme), including national, regional, multilateral and international organizations, the public and private sectors (private sector initiative), civil society and other relevant stakeholders.
Source:United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change