European Floods Portal - YEAR of LAUNCH (2009)
The European Floods Portal of the Land Management and Natural Hazards Unit of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) brings together information on river floods and flood risk in Europe, in order to assess the physical and socio-economic impacts of global warming on hydrological extremes and on water resources availability in Europe.
Information results from ongoing research within the “Floods” Action at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission, as well as from public available information from EU countries and includes:
- Flood hazard - physical impact assessment: how future climate developments may impact flood hazard across Europe.
- Flood risk - assessment of socio-economic impacts: implications of climate change for future flood risk in Europe by integrating the physical impact results with information on flood defences, land use and impact.
- Streamflow droughts - impact of climate change on streamflow droughts, with a focus on changes in minimum flows and streamflow deficits.
- Water resources - how changes in temperature and precipitation patterns due to global warming modify the distribution of water at the land surface, and consequently the annual water budget of river basins as well as the timing or seasonality of river flows.
- Methodology - this section provides a schematic overview of the methodology developed at the JRC to evaluate the impact of changes in climate and socio-economic drivers on the hydrological cycle at the European scale.