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Project

CARBOCHANGE : Changes in carbon uptake and emissions by oceans in a changing climate

Description:

CARBOCHANGE will provide the best possible process-based quantification of net ocean carbon uptake under changing climate conditions using past and present ocean carbon cycle changes for a better prediction of future ocean carbon uptake. CARBOCHANGE will improve the quantitative understanding of key biogeochemical and physical processes through a combination of observations and models. CARBOCHANGE will upscale new process understanding to large-scale integrative feedbacks of the ocean carbon cycle to climate change and rising carbon dioxide concentrations. CARBOCHANGE will quantify the vulnerability of the ocean carbon sources and sinks in a probabilistic sense using cutting edge coupled Earth system models under a spectrum of emission scenarios including climate stabilisation scenarios as required for the 5th IPCC Assessment Report. The drivers for the vulnerabilities will be identified. The actual observations of the changing ocean carbon sink will be systematically integrated with the newest ocean carbon models, a coupled land-ocean model, an Earth system model of intermediate complexity, and fully fledged Earth system models through a spectrum of data assimilation methods as well as advanced performance assessment tools. Results will be optimal process descriptions and most realistic error margins for future ocean carbon uptake quantifications with models under the presently available observational evidence. The project will deliver calibrated future evolutions of ocean pH and carbonate saturation as required by the research community on ocean acidification in the EU project EPOCA and further projects in this field. The time history of atmosphere-ocean carbon fluxes past, present, and future will be synthesised globally as well as regionally for the transcontinental RECCAP project. Observations and model results will merge into GEOSS/GEO through links with the European coordination action COCOS and will prepare the marine branch of the European Research Infrastructure ICOS.

Project information

Lead
Geophysical Institute and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen (NO)
Partners

There are 28 partners in total. See web site for a full list.

Source of funding
FP 7

Reference information

Websites:

Keywords

Modelling, acidification, carbon cycle, carbon exchange, climate change

Duration

2011/3/1-2015/2/28

Climate impacts

Extreme Temperatures

Elements

Observations and Scenarios

Sectors

Marine and Fisheries

Geographic characterization

Europe

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