filter placeholder

Cities and towns

Last Update: 08 March 2016

In Europe, around 75% of the population lives in urban areas and this is projected to increase. Climate change has the potential to influence almost all components of the urban environment and raises new, complex challenges. Thereby, climate change impacts on cities as hubs of Europe's economic activity, social life and culture, innovation and knowledge-creation have repercussions far beyond the city borders. As a city specific action of the EU Adaptation Strategy, the European Commission has initiated "Mayors Adapt" to foster urban adaptation on the city level and that is...

Indicators

 Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
 Extreme temperatures and health Mortality and morbidity increase, especially in vulnerable population groups, and general population well-being decreases during extreme cold spells and heat waves, a ...

Publications & reports

 EU cities adapt - Adaptation Strategies for European Cities: Final Report DG Climate Action commissioned a consortium led by Ricardo-AEA and ICLEI to undertake the Adaptation Strategies for European C ...
 European cities adapt to climate change - cities learning from cities An Open European Day at the Resilient Cities Conference in Bonn, 3 June 2013 was dedicated to capacity building for urban authorit ...
 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, WGII, Part on Human Settlements, Industry, and Infrastructure. Chapter 8: Urban Areas This chapters of the IPCC 5th Assessment Report focuses on ‘human settlements. ...
 Climate-Friendly Cities: A Handbook on the Tracks and Possibilities of European Cities in Relation to Climate Change. In an age where global challenges will significantly influence the life of each ci ...

Tools

 Map book: Urban vulnerability to climate change in Europe This interactive map book aims to provide a Europe-wide overview of the potential vulnerability of major cities to climate change. The maps pi ...
 Urban Adaptation Support Tool To support adaptation action in European cities and towns the European Commission has launched Mayors Adapt- the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptatio ...

Search results

» EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought  - This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
relevance:

» Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and Other Recent Estimates  - This book takes assessing the costs of adapting to climate change. Since the estimates for 2030 u ...
relevance:

» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
relevance:

» Coastal Zones. Policy alternatives impacts on European Coastal Zones. 2000 – 2050  - This report presents the results obtained from the application the EUClueScanner* land‐use model for the simulation of ...
relevance:

» Conceptualizing Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Findings from an Applied Adaptation Assessment Framework  - Urban areas have particular sensitivities to climate change, and therefore adaptation to a w ...
relevance:

» Adapting to climate change in the UK - measuring progress  - This is the Adaptation Sub-Commitee's 2nd Progress Report of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It set ...
relevance:

» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
relevance:

» Methods for assessing current and future coastal vulnerability to climate change - ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2010/8  - This background paper identifies key aspects of methods, data and models for assessing ...
relevance:

» Adaptation to Climate Change in the Baltic States: A background paper  - This background paper was prepared in the frame of the project BaltClim which shall support national adaptation strategies to clim ...
relevance:

» Baltadapt Action Plan. Recommended actions and proposed guidelines for climate change adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region  - The overriding goal of the Action Plan (AP) is to promote the implementation o ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
relevance:

» Bavarian State Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection Climate Change Website  - Regional approach on adaptation plans and strategies for Bavaria This website informs about the principles of Ba ...
relevance:

» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The portal provides information on observations and projections of climate impacts in sectors such as health, agriculture, forest, ...
relevance:

» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
relevance:

» UNFCCC Funding for Adaptation interface  - The UNFCCC’s adaptation funding interface provides a platform to access and screen information on funding options available for adaptation worldwide. It ...
relevance:

» Adapting to extreme weather in Norwegian municipalities  - Local authorities in Norway have varying abilities to deal with climate-related extremes, such as floods, storms, landslides, and avalanches. Ye ...
relevance:

» Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (DWD)  - The Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst - DWD) offers assess to climate data for Germany, but ...
relevance:

» Impacts and Adaptation (ONERC) - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The French national portal ""Impacts and Adaptation"" (Impacts et adaptation) of the National Observatory on the Effects of Global Warming (Observatoire N ...
relevance:

» Regional Climate Model (RCM) data portal of the FP7 ENSEMBLES project  - Data portal of FP7 project ENSEMBLES with simulation results of RCMs for European and West-African spatial domains representing pr ...
relevance:

» UK Climate service  - The UK Climate Service is being developed to provide weather & climate information needed to help people, communities, businesses and governments increase resilience. UK Met O ...
relevance:

» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
relevance:

» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
relevance:

» Guidebook urban climate  - The objective of this guidebook is to support cities to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. It provides comprehensive information on the situation in the German ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
relevance:

» Changing Climate, Changing Communites: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation  - With support from Natural Resources Canada, ICLEI developed this resource to provide guidance for municipal g ...
relevance:

» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
relevance:

» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
relevance:

» Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change - Guidelines for Municipalities  - These Guidelines are intended to assist local communities in formulating Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs) or implementing some st ...
relevance:

» Assessing the Climate Change Fitness of Spatial Planning: A Guidance for Planners.  - This guidance for planners on national, regional and local levels gives advice on how to assess the “climate ch ...
relevance:

» The EcoCities Spatial Portal  - This tool case shows how to assess the geography of Greater Manchester's vulnerability to climate change. The EcoCities spatial portal was developed within the EcoCities p ...
relevance:

» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
relevance:

» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
relevance:

» Adapting to Urban Heat: A Tool Kit for Local Governments  - Cities are warming at an extraordinary rate. Unique landscapes and built environments create neighbourhoods known as “heat islands” ...
relevance:

» Blue Green Dream  - Blue Green Dream is an adapation support tool to deliver climate change resilience and multiple urban green benefits via nature based solutions. The adaptation support tool has been d ...
relevance:

» Climate Navigator Tool for Cities  - This toolkit provides practical guidance on how to integrate climate change adaptation in urban development. It contains useful hints for cities and communities, loca ...
relevance:

» Equity Explorer  - The Equity Explorer allows users to visualize the multiple dimensions of climate equity by using a collection of indicators. The indicators include emissions, level of development, vul ...
relevance:

» Map book: Urban vulnerability to climate change in Europe  - This interactive map book aims to provide a Europe-wide overview of the potential vulnerability of major cities to climate change. The maps pi ...
relevance:

» Retrofit Advice Tool  - This web tool has been developed to assist when choosing retrofit adaptations to reduce dwelling overheating during heat wave periods, whilst also considering the effect on annual ...
relevance:

» Urban Adaptation Support Tool  - To support adaptation action in European cities and towns the European Commission has launched Mayors Adapt- the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptatio ...
relevance:

» Climate change and river flow  - Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natura ...
relevance:

» ASSCUE project  - Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change in the Urban Environment
relevance:

» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
relevance:

» BRIDGE project  - SustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism
relevance:

» C8 project  - Consistent computation of the chemistry-cloud continuum and climate change in Cyprus
relevance:

» PAST4FUTURE project  - Climate change - Learning from the past climate
relevance:

» TIDE project  - Tidal River Development
relevance:

» CHAMP project  - Local Climate Change Response
relevance:

» CITYZEN project  - Megacity - zoom for the environment
relevance:

» GRaBS project  - Green and Blue Space Adaptation for Urban Areas and Eco Towns
relevance:

» PREPARED project  - Enabling Change
relevance:

» Adaptation or improvement of dikes and dams  - Dikes and dams need regular maintenance and strengthening to keep their protection capacities and meet safety requirements. In addition, climate scenarios f ...
relevance:

» Water Recycling  - Access to adequate supplies of water is central to a sustainable future and climate change is expected to exacerbate water scarcity problems in several European regions. Recycling of w ...
relevance:

» Floating and Amphibious Housing  - Floating and amphibious houses are built to be situated in a water body and are designed to adapt to rising and falling water levels. Floating houses are permanently in ...
relevance:

» Floating or Elevated Roads  - Road transport infrastructure and evacuation routes that are prone to flooding need to be flood proofed to reduce the vulnerability and negative impacts of flooding of trans ...
relevance:

» Urban Farming and Gardening  - Areas used for urban farming and gardening, when compared to paved or asphalted grounds, have a positive contribution to climate adaptation. These green areas can be furthe ...
relevance:

» Green spaces and corridors in urban areas  - Recent studies have highlighted the importance of boosting green urban areas and connecting fragments of green space with ecological corridors to improve biod ...
relevance:

» Seawalls and jetties  - A seawall is a structure made of concrete, masonry or sheet piles, built parallel to the shore at the transition between the beach and the mainland or dune, to protect the inland ...
relevance:

» Retreat from high-risk areas  - This measure refers to the retreat or relocation of settlements, infrastructure and productive activities from the original location due to high exposure to risks such as ...
relevance:

» Rehabilitation and restoration of rivers  - River rehabilitation and restoration embraces a great variety of measures having in common the emphasis on natural functions of rivers, which may have been los ...
relevance:

» Adaptation of urban planning: water and energy  - A varied package of soft adaptation measures can be considered for climate proofing of urban planning and design. Concerning building, new standards and ...
relevance:

» A flood and heat proof green Emscher valley, Germany  - Over a century ago a sparsely populated landscape of water meadows was transformed into an industrial conurbation, and the untamed river Emscher tu ...
relevance:

» Climate resilient retrofit of a Rotterdam building  - The old office building at Groot Willemsplein, Rotterdam, dating back to the 1940’s, was renovated to give it a new life with commercial functi ...
relevance:

» Complex embankment and dyke systems in the Smeltalė River, Klaipėda city  - Klaipėda is a coastal city with almost all of its territory located on coastal lowland, and the Smeltalė river situated in the ...
relevance:

» Green roofs in Basel, Switzerland: combining mitigation and adaptation measures  - The city of Basel in Switzerland has the largest area of green roofs per capita in the world. Initiatives aiming to incr ...
relevance:

» Implementation of the Heat-Health Action Plan of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  - The National Heat-Health Action Plan has been developed within the National Strategy for Adaptation for the h ...
relevance:

» Integrating adaptation in the design of the Metro of Copenhagen  - Climate change impact assessment has been an integrated part of the design and planning of the Copenhagen metro since the first metro li ...
relevance:

» Integrating climate change adaptation into coastal planning in Šibenik-Knin County (Croatia)  - Šibenik-Knin County in Croatia has 960 km of coast and 285 islands and rocks. Its coastal zone consi ...
relevance:

» Tatabánya, Hungary, addressing the impacts of urban heat waves and forest fires with alert measures  - The City of Tatabánya has an approved comprehensive adaptation strategy, the Local Climate Ch ...
relevance:

» The economics of managing heavy rains and stormwater in Copenhagen – The Cloudburst Management Plan  - To combat the impacts of cloudbursts, the City of Copenhagen developed a Cloudburst Management Plan ...
relevance:

» Zaragoza: combining awareness raising and financial measures to enhance water efficiency  - The Zaragoza Water Saving City programme was initiated in 1996 in response to water scarcity. It included aware ...
relevance:

» EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement  - EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement is a platform for co-operation in the field of major natural and technological disasters between Europe and the South of the Mediterrane ...
relevance:

» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major info ...
relevance:

» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
relevance:

» I-storm - International Network for Storm Surge Barriers  - I-storm principal aim is sharing experiences and transfer of knowledge on operational and functional management of large movable storm surge ba ...
relevance:

» PROVIA - Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation  - The Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA) is a global initiative ...
relevance:

» Union of the Baltic Cities (UBC)  - Cooperation between cities surrounding or close to the Baltic Sea to mobilize the shared potential for democratic, economic, social, cultural and environmentally susta ...
relevance:

» Carpathian Convention  - The Carpathian Convention was adopted and signed by the seven Parties (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Ukraine) in May 2003 in Kyiv, Ukraine, a ...
relevance:

» CIMA Research Foundation  - CIMA Research Foundation has long lasting experience in weather and climate related events, mainly focused in flood and forest fire risk prediction, modelling & evaluation ...
relevance:

» European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)  - The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development is an international financial institution that supports projects from central Europe to cen ...
relevance:

» European Commission Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA)  - The Directorate-General for Climate Action (""DG CLIMA"") was established in February 2010, climate change being previously included ...
relevance: