Coastal areas

Sea level rise can cause flooding, coastal erosion and the loss of low-lying coastal systems. It will also increase the risk of storm surges and the likelihood of landward intrusion of saltwater in freshwater systems and will endanger coastal ecosystems and wetlands. Expected rises in water temperatures will, furthermore, contribute to a restructuring of coastal ecosystems with implications for ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycling and fishery yields. Ocean acidification will also affect coastal ecosystems. The European Commission's EU strategy on adaptation to climate change includes a Staff Working Document that addresses adaptation, coastal and marine issues.

Indicators

 Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
 Greenland ice sheet The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the cryosphere. It changed in the 1990s from being in near mass b ...
 Storms Storm location, frequency and intensity have shown considerable variability across Europe over the past century, making it difficult to identify clear trends. A recent reanalysis suggests ...
 Sea-level rise Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 20th century, but there has been significant decadal variations around this value. ...

Resources

 Impacts of climate change in coastal systems in Europe. PESETA - Coastal Systems Results of the physical impacts and adaptation cost assessment of sea-level rise for the European Union are presented f ...
 Sea-Level Rise - ClimateCost Technical Briefing Note nr. 2 The Impacts and Economic Costs of Sea-Level Rise on Coastal Zones in the EU and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Result ...
 GMES Ocean Monitoring and forecasting (MyOcean) The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the G ...
 OURCOAST, the European portal for Integrated Coastal Zone Management Through OURCOAST, the European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the coastal management experiences and practice ...
 Coastlearn CoastLearn is an internet based distance vocational training package on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). This self-learning tool targets primarily coastal managers and planners wo ...
 DEcision support SYstem for Coastal climate change impact assessment - DESYCO DESYCO is a DSS for the assessment and management of multiple climate change impacts on coastal areas and related ecosyste ...

Search results

» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
relevance:

» Coastal Zones. Policy alternatives impacts on European Coastal Zones. 2000 – 2050  - This report presents the results obtained from the application the EUClueScanner* land‐use model for the simulation of ...
relevance:

» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
relevance:

» Methods for assessing current and future coastal vulnerability to climate change - ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2010/8  - This background paper identifies key aspects of methods, data and models for assessing ...
relevance:

» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
relevance:

» Adaptation to Climate Change in the Baltic States: A background paper  - This background paper was prepared in the frame of the project BaltClim which shall support national adaptation strategies to clim ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Plan 2010, United Kingdom  - This Plan sets how the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra, a government department in the UK) will continue to deal with the challenges ...
relevance:

» ICES status report on climate change in the North Atlantic  - This document reviews the range of climate‐change impacts that have been reported from the North Atlantic and discusses potential future chan ...
relevance:

» Climate Adaptation Research in a Larger Europe: an analysis at national scale  - The CIRCLE-2 Climate Adaptation INFOBASE is a publicly accessible, online database on Climate Adaptation research. The INF ...
relevance:

» Estonia: The best practices of coastal zone protection and conservation in spatial planning  - This report was compiled within the Balltic Green Belt project. The Baltic Green Belt project wants to conse ...
relevance:

» Adaptation to Climate Change - European Commission  - European Commission ""Climate Action"" portal on ""What is the EU doing on Adaptation to climate change"". The website presents information on the EU p ...
relevance:

» GMES Ocean Monitoring and forecasting (MyOcean)  - The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the G ...
relevance:

» UNFCCC Database of Private Sector Initiative on Adaptation  - This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the United Nations Framework Conventi ...
relevance:

» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany  - Portal for Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany (Kompass, Kompetenzzentrum Klimafolgen und Anpassung, in German). The portal provides informa ...
relevance:

» Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and GEO-Portal  - The Group on Earth Observations is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. The Global Ea ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
relevance:

» European Network for Earth System Modelling (ENES)  - This portal is part of an infrastructure provided by the European Network for Earth System Modeling. It provides information and services for simulat ...
relevance:

» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
relevance:

» UNFCCC Funding for Adaptation interface  - The UNFCCC’s adaptation funding interface provides a platform to access and screen information on funding options available for adaptation worldwide. It ...
relevance:

» Impacts and Adaptation (ONERC)  - The French national portal ""Impacts and Adaptation"" (Impacts et adaptation) of the National Observatory on the Effects of Global Warming (Observatoire National sur les E ...
relevance:

» The Nottingham Declaration Action Plan  - The Nottingham Declaration acknowledges the increasing impact that climate change will have on our community during the 21st century and commits to tackling the ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
relevance:

» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
relevance:

» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
relevance:

» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
relevance:

» Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change - Guidelines for Municipalities  - These Guidelines are intended to assist local communities in formulating Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs) or implementing some st ...
relevance:

» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
relevance:

» Guidance on water supply and sanitation in extreme weather events  - Extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, are increasing in frequency and intensity. They affect the operation of water-s ...
relevance:

» Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Strategic Environmental Assessment.  - The need for action on climate change and biodiversity loss is recognised across Europe and around the ...
relevance:

» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
relevance:

» Coastal Vulnerability Index – CVI  - The Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) is one of the most commonly used and simple methods to assess coastal vulnerability to sea level rise, in particular due to eros ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Adaptation Navigator  - This web-based application is designed to assist local and state governments as well as regional organisations in the process of adapting to the impacts of climate ...
relevance:

» Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment model - DIVA  - The DIVA tool is an integrated, global model of coastal systems that assesses biophysical and socio-economic consequences of sea-level rise an ...
relevance:

» Deduce Indicators Guidelines. To adopt an indicators-based approach to evaluate coastal sustainable development  - Deduce Indicators Guidelines summarise the lessons learnt in the Deduce project regardin ...
relevance:

» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
relevance:

» Regional Impact Simulator - RegIS tool  - The RegIS project (Regional Climate Change Impact and Response Studies in East Anglia and North West England) was a first attempt to quantitatively model the cros ...
relevance:

» BalticClimate Toolkit  - The BalticClimate toolkit is an empowering knowledge transfer instrument for actors on the local and regional level who are not necessarily the experts on climate change, but who ...
relevance:

» Climate Vulnerability Monitor  - The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate change and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vulner ...
relevance:

» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the co ...
relevance:

» Change in exposure to coastal flooding  - Inundation depth changes due to a sea level rise adjusted coastal storm surge event. Calculated on the basis of regional coastal storm surge heights projected b ...
relevance:

» Climate variables - projected changes (ESPON Climate Change project)  - The ESPON Climate project performed a pan-European vulnerability assessment as a basis for identifying regional typologies of cli ...
relevance:

» ESPON Climate Change project  - Terrestrial vulnerability and risk maps from the ESPON Climate Change project: - Change in exposure to coastal flooding - Change in exposure to river flooding T ...
relevance:

» Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps  - The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
relevance:

» Greenland ice sheet  - The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the cryosphere. It changed in the 1990s from being in near mass b ...
relevance:

» Storms  - Storm location, frequency and intensity have shown considerable variability across Europe over the past century, making it difficult to identify clear trends. A recent reanalysis suggests ...
relevance:

» Sea-level rise  - Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 20th century, but there has been significant decadal variations around this value. ...
relevance:

» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
relevance:

» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
relevance:

» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
relevance:

» C8 project  - Consistent computation of the chemistry-cloud continuum and climate change in Cyprus
relevance:

» PAST4FUTURE project  - Climate change - Learning from the past climate
relevance:

» TIDE project  - Tidal River Development
relevance:

» CCSP project  - Climate changes Spatial Planning
relevance:

» ASTRA project  - Developing Policies & Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region
relevance:

» BLAST project  - Bringing Land and Sea Together
relevance:

» Plan B:altic project  - Climate change and spatial development: Adaptation strategies for urban and regional planning in urban coastal zone regions based on the example of the Baltic region
relevance:

» Artificial reefs along the coastline  - The construction of carefully distributed reefs at strategic points along a coastline is likely to help reduce the strength of waves when they reach the actual c ...
relevance:

» Awareness campaigns about potential impacts and behavioural change  - This measure encompasses actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change and adaptation. Awareness c ...
relevance:

» Adapting behaviour in flood prone areas  - Adapting constructions in flood prone areas may be insufficient and/or can be supplemented by behavioural change of those that live and work there. Many of the 2 ...
relevance:

» Adapting existing dykes and dams  - The design of existing dykes and dams can be modified to fulfil different purposes. Re-enforcing dykes and dams can increase their stability and resistance against dyke ...
relevance:

» Adapting the design factor for flood protection  - Floods can be caused by heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded. In some parts of Europe an increase of peak ...
relevance:

» Climate proofing flood prone areas  - Climate proofing is the continuous process of reducing the impacts of climate change by taking robust, resilient and flexible measures to proactively adapt to the pro ...
relevance:

» Compartmentalization  - One of the options to reduce flood risk, other than strengthening the primary water defence structures, is to compartmentalize the to be protected region in zones, for example b ...
relevance:

» Crisis Management  - In the future certain areas might face more drought spells or higher chances of flooding of rivers and seas or flooding caused by storm water runoff. The options presented here all ...
relevance:

» Desalinisation  - Desalination is the process of removing salt from (sea or brackish) water to make it useable for a range of 'fit for use' purposes including drinking. Advancing technologies could render ...
relevance:

» Disaster management  - Disaster risk management is typically organised along five stages including prevention, protection, preparedness, response, recovery and review. Territorial and urban planning, as w ...
relevance:

» Allow transgression of sea in wide dune areas, allow wash over of dikes - NL  - In Zeeland, the Netherlands, a new strategy in coastal management of allowing the sea to invade former dune slacks is being ...
relevance:

» A Consortium for Integrated Management and Governance in the Costa Del Garraf - Spain  - A successful approach for sustainable and integrated coastal management, through the establishment of a local Conso ...
relevance:

» A more holistic approach to beach management by a Local Authority  - This case describes the application of a strategic alliance (couplet) between the local authority and a research centres to address the ...
relevance:

» A sustainable coastal defence: re-creating wildlife habitats alongside economic farming methods - UK  - The development of saltmarsh, in an area opened up to tidal inundation by the breaching of 3 km of h ...
relevance:

» Beach nourishment as a successful measure against erosion, Rostock - DE  - Hard constructions for the protection of a highly dynamic coast have not been sufficient to prevent coastal erosion. Sand nourish ...
relevance:

» Beach nourishment as a successful measure against erosion,  Sylt Island - DE  - The aim of this project was to define affordable and efficient long-term protection of the west coast of the sand barrier i ...
relevance:

» Beach nourishment using dredged material of the Roja river, Liguria - IT  - The project concerns the coastal area situated in the Western part of the Liguria Region. The study area stretches for about 1.5 ...
relevance:

» Building a dyke within the dunes to protect against future sea level rise, Noordwijk - NL  - Noordwijk was regarded as being a weak link in the Netherlands coastal defence system. This case shows how a no ...
relevance:

» Changing traditional coastal defence policy to stop erosion - DK  - The coastline of West Jutland is extremely vulnerable to erosion from the North Sea. In the past, in order to help the socio-economic de ...
relevance:

» Coastal Flood Atlas for the Spanish Coast - ES  - The Spanish coastal zone has been analysed to develop a tool to statistically predict the maximum flooding level of  Spanish beaches. This work has been c ...
relevance:

» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major infor ...
relevance:

» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
relevance:

» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by UNEP and WMO to assess the most up-to-date scientific and technical research in ...
relevance:

» International Water Association (IWA)  - The International Water Association (IWA) is a global reference point for water professionals, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering al ...
relevance:

» United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)  - In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively con ...
relevance:

» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
relevance:

» Black Sea Commission  - The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (the Black Sea Commission or BSC), via its Permanent Secretariat, is the intergovernmental body established in i ...
relevance:

» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
relevance:

» I-storm - International Network for Storm Surge Barriers  - I-storm principal aim is sharing experiences and transfer of knowledge on operational and functional management of large movable storm surge bar ...
relevance:

» ONERC (Observatoire National sur les Effets du Réchauffement Climatique)  - The Observatoire national sur les effets du réchauffement climatique (ONERC) is a French organisation that was created by law on ...
relevance: