Coastal areas

Sea level rise can cause flooding, coastal erosion and the loss of low-lying coastal systems. It will also increase the risk of storm surges and the likelihood of landward intrusion of saltwater in freshwater systems and will endanger coastal ecosystems and wetlands. Expected rises in water temperatures will, furthermore, contribute to a restructuring of coastal ecosystems with implications for ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycling and fishery yields. Ocean acidification will also affect coastal ecosystems. The European Commission's EU strategy on adaptation to climate change includes a Staff Working Document that addresses adaptation, coastal and marine issues.

Indicators

 Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
 Greenland ice sheet The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the cryosphere. It changed in the 1990s from being in near mass b ...
 Sea-level rise Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 20th century, but there has been significant decadal variations around this value. ...
 Storms Storm location, frequency and intensity have shown considerable variability across Europe over the past century, making it difficult to identify clear trends. A recent reanalysis suggests ...

Resources

 Impacts of climate change in coastal systems in Europe. PESETA - Coastal Systems Results of the physical impacts and adaptation cost assessment of sea-level rise for the European Union are presented f ...
 Sea-Level Rise - ClimateCost Technical Briefing Note nr. 2 The Impacts and Economic Costs of Sea-Level Rise on Coastal Zones in the EU and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Result ...
 GMES - MyOcean Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the GM ...
 OURCOAST, the European portal for Integrated Coastal Zone Management Through OURCOAST, the European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the coastal management experiences and practi ...
 Coastlearn CoastLearn is an internet based distance vocational training package on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). This self-learning tool targets primarily coastal managers and planners ...
 DEcision support SYstem for Coastal climate change impact assessment - DESYCO DESYCO is a DSS for the assessment and management of multiple climate change impacts on coastal areas and related ecosys ...

Search results

» Adaptation Strategies for European Cities: Final Report  - DG Climate Action commissioned a consortium led by Ricardo-AEA and ICLEI to undertake the Adaptation Strategies for European Cities project. ...
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» European cities adapt to climate change - cities learning from cities  - An Open European Day at the Resilient Cities Conference in Bonn, 3 June 2013 was dedicated to capacity building for urban author ...
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» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
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» Coastal Zones. Policy alternatives impacts on European Coastal Zones. 2000 – 2050  - This report presents the results obtained from the application the EUClueScanner* land‐use model for the simulation of ...
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» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
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» Methods for assessing current and future coastal vulnerability to climate change - ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2010/8  - This background paper identifies key aspects of methods, data and models for assessing ...
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» Belgian National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy  - Belgian National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy. In order to be prepared for the coming changes, the National Climate Committee has instructed ...
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» Mapping Collaborative Methods and Tools for Promoting Urban Transitions in the Øresund Region  - This report is produced within the Urban Transition Øresund (UT) project (2011–2014), and it is part of ...
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» Adaptation to Climate Change in the Baltic States: A background paper  - This background paper was prepared in the frame of the project BaltClim which shall support national adaptation strategies to clim ...
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» Climate Change Plan 2010, United Kingdom  - This Plan sets how the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra, a government department in the UK) will continue to deal with the challenges ...
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» ADAM adaptation catalogue  - This catalogue acts as an inventory of practical adaptation options and associated enabling institutional frameworks, and differentiates between options according to the form ...
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» GMES - MyOcean Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting  - The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the GM ...
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» weADAPT / wikiADAPT  - weADAPT is an online ""open space"" knowledge platform on climate adaptation issues (including the synergies between adaptation and mitigation) which allows practitioners, research ...
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» UKCIP, UK Climate Impacts Programme  - UK national portal offering information on the newest (2009) UK climate projections (for each of the UKCP09 16 administrative regions), maps, tools, guidance, case ...
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» Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE)  - Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) is a joint project of Island Press and EcoAdapt . It is aimed at building a shared knowledge base for ...
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» OURCOAST, the European portal for Integrated Coastal Zone Management  - Through OURCOAST, the European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the coastal management experiences and practi ...
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» Adaptation strategies for European Cities  - Adaptation strategies for European Cities was a project of DG Climate Action that supported the capacity building of cities to adapt to the challenges of cl ...
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» Adaptation to Climate Change - European Commission  - European Commission ""Climate Action"" portal on ""What is the EU doing on Adaptation to climate change"". The website presents information on the EU p ...
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» BISE, Biodiversity Information System for Europe  - The Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE) is a single entry point for data and information on biodiversity in the EU. Bringing together ...
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» UNDP Adaptation Learning Mechanism  - Launched in 2007 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) along with other agency partners, the Adaptation Learning Mechanism (ALM) is a ""collaborative k ...
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» Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Strategic Environmental Assessment.  - The need for action on climate change and biodiversity loss is recognised across Europe and around th ...
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» Guiding principles for adaptation to climate change in Europe  - The aim of the study is to provide a starting point for further work by EEA and/or other organizations on identifying success factors and c ...
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» Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments  - This Guidebook is a framework that communities can use to prepare for and adapt to regional climate changes. The g ...
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» UKCIP ‘Adaptation Wizard’  - The UKCIP Adaptation Wizard is a tool to help organisations adapt to climate change. It uses a 5-step process that will help assessing an organisation’s vulnerability to cu ...
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» Design of guidelines for the elaboration of Regional Climate Change Adaptations Strategies  - This Policy Guidance is intended to assist regional authorities and other functional authorities in the reg ...
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» Guidelines on developing adaptation strategies  - This Commission Staff Working Document from European Commission contributes to achieving the first objective of the EU Adaptation Strategy. It pro ...
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» The Nottingham Declaration Action Plan  - The Nottingham Declaration acknowledges the increasing impact that climate change will have on our community during the 21st century and commits to tackling th ...
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» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particul ...
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» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
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» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies ...
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» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAFE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the ...
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» FINESSI  - FINESSI is a web tool that allows the user to explore the possible impacts of climate change in Finland on chosen impact areas and at different time periods up to the end of the 21st century ...
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» Coastal Vulnerability Index – CVI  - The Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) is one of the most commonly used and simple methods to assess coastal vulnerability to sea level rise, in particular due to erosi ...
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» Climate Change Adaptation Navigator  - This web-based application is designed to assist local and state governments as well as regional organisations in the process of adapting to the impacts of climat ...
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» Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment model - DIVA  - The DIVA tool is an integrated, global model of coastal systems that assesses biophysical and socio-economic consequences of sea-level rise and ...
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» Deduce Indicators Guidelines. To adopt an indicators-based approach to evaluate coastal sustainable development  - Deduce Indicators Guidelines summarise the lessons learnt in the Deduce project regard ...
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» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, trainin ...
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» BalticClimate Toolkit  - The BalticClimate toolkit is an empowering knowledge transfer instrument for actors on the local and regional level who are not necessarily the experts on climate change, but w ...
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» Climate Vulnerability Monitor  - The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2 nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate chnage and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vu ...
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» Regional Impact Simulator - RegIS tool  - The RegIS project (Regional Climate Change Impact and Response Studies in East Anglia and North West England) was a first attempt to quantitatively model the cros ...
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» Change in exposure to coastal flooding  - Inundation depth changes due to a sea level rise adjusted coastal storm surge event. Calculated on the basis of regional coastal storm surge heights projected b ...
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» Climate variables - projected changes (ESPON Climate Change project)  - The ESPON Climate project performed a pan-European vulnerability assessment as a basis for identifying regional typologies of climat ...
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» ESPON Climate Change project  - Terrestrial vulnerability and risk maps from the ESPON Climate Change project: - Change in exposure to coastal flooding - Change in exposure to river flooding T ...
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» Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps  - The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
relevance:

» Greenland ice sheet  - The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the cryosphere. It changed in the 1990s from being in near mass b ...
relevance:

» Sea-level rise  - Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 20th century, but there has been significant decadal variations around this value. ...
relevance:

» Storms  - Storm location, frequency and intensity have shown considerable variability across Europe over the past century, making it difficult to identify clear trends. A recent reanalysis suggests ...
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» ESPON CLIMATE project  - Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies in Eu
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» CIRCE project  - Climate change and impact research: the Mediterranean environment
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» MedSeA project  - Mediterranean Sea acidification in a changing climate
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» TIDE project  - Tidal River Development
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» BEACHMED, BEACHMED-e, BEACHMED-3 project  - Strategic management of beach protection for sustainable development of Mediterranean coastal zones
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» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
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» Baltadapt project  - Development of a Baltic Sea Region-wide climate change adaptation strategy
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» CCSP project  - Climate changes Spatial Planning
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» CLIMSAVE project  - Climate Change integrated assessment methodology for cross-sectoral adaptation and vulnerability in Europe
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» KALME project  - Climate Change Impact on Water Environment in Latvia
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» Artificial reefs along the coastline  - The construction of carefully distributed reefs at strategic points along a coastline is likely to help reduce the strength of waves when they reach the actual c ...
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» Awareness campaigns about potential impacts and behavioural change  - This measure encompasses actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change and adaptation. Awareness c ...
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» Adapting behaviour in flood prone areas  - Adapting constructions in flood prone areas may be insufficient and/or can be supplemented by behavioural change of those that live and work there. Many of the 2 ...
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» Adapting existing dykes and dams  - The design of existing dykes and dams can be modified to fulfil different purposes. Re-enforcing dykes and dams can increase their stability and resistance against dyke ...
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» Adapting the design factor for flood protection  - Floods can be caused by heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded. In some parts of Europe an increase of peak ...
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» Climate proofing flood prone areas  - Climate proofing is the continuous process of reducing the impacts of climate change by taking robust, resilient and flexible measures to proactively adapt to the pro ...
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» Compartmentalization  - One of the options to reduce flood risk, other than strengthening the primary water defence structures, is to compartmentalize the to be protected region in zones, for example b ...
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» Crisis Management  - In the future certain areas might face more drought spells or higher chances of flooding of rivers and seas or flooding caused by storm water runoff. The options presented here all ...
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» Desalinisation  - Desalination is the process of removing salt from (sea or brackish) water to make it useable for a range of 'fit for use' purposes including drinking. Advancing technologies could render ...
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» Disaster management  - Disaster risk management is typically organised along five stages including prevention, protection, preparedness, response, recovery and review. Territorial and urban planning, as w ...
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» Allow transgression of sea in wide dune areas, allow wash over of dikes - NL  - In Zeeland, the Netherlands, a new strategy in coastal management of allowing the sea to invade former dune slacks is being ...
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» A Consortium for Integrated Management and Governance in the Costa Del Garraf - Spain  - A successful approach for sustainable and integrated coastal management, through the establishment of a local Conso ...
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» A more holistic approach to beach management by a Local Authority  - This case describes the application of a strategic alliance (couplet) between the local authority and a research centres to address the ...
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» A sustainable coastal defence: re-creating wildlife habitats alongside economic farming methods - UK  - The development of saltmarsh, in an area opened up to tidal inundation by the breaching of 3 km of h ...
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» Adaptation and Prevention Measures - ES  - The study defines different potential climate scenarios for the Ebro Delta, analyses the vulnerability at an ecological, economical and social level, and defines ...
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» Beach nourishment as a successful measure against erosion, Rostock - DE  - Hard constructions for the protection of a highly dynamic coast have not been sufficient to prevent coastal erosion. Sand nourish ...
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» Beach nourishment as a successful measure against erosion,  Sylt Island - DE  - The aim of this project was to define affordable and efficient long-term protection of the west coast of the sand barrier i ...
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» Beach nourishment using dredged material of the Roja river, Liguria - IT  - The project concerns the coastal area situated in the Western part of the Liguria Region. The study area stretches for about 1.5 ...
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» Building a dyke within the dunes to protect against future sea level rise, Noordwijk - NL  - Noordwijk was regarded as being a weak link in the Netherlands coastal defence system. This case shows how a no ...
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» Changing traditional coastal defence policy to stop erosion - DK  - The coastline of West Jutland is extremely vulnerable to erosion from the North Sea. In the past, in order to help the socio-economic de ...
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» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major infor ...
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» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by UNEP and WMO to assess the most up-to-date scientific and technical research in ...
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» International Water Association (IWA)  - The International Water Association (IWA) is a global reference point for water professionals, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering al ...
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» United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)  - In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively con ...
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» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
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» Black Sea Commission  - The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (the Black Sea Commission or BSC), via its Permanent Secretariat, is the intergovernmental body established in i ...
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» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
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» I-storm - International Network for Storm Surge Barriers  - I-storm principal aim is sharing experiences and transfer of knowledge on operational and functional management of large movable storm surge bar ...
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» ONERC (Observatoire National sur les Effets du Réchauffement Climatique)  - The Observatoire national sur les effets du réchauffement climatique (ONERC) is a French organisation that was created by law on ...
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