Coastal areas

Last Update: 18 May 2016

Sea level rise can cause flooding, coastal erosion and the loss of low-lying coastal systems. It will also increase the risk of storm surges and the likelihood of landward intrusion of saltwater in freshwater systems and will endanger coastal ecosystems and wetlands. Expected rises in water temperatures will, furthermore, contribute to a restructuring of coastal ecosystems with implications for ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycling and fishery yields. Ocean acidification will also affect coastal ecosystems.

Indicators

 Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
 Greenland ice sheet The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the global climate system. Melting of the Greenland ice sheet has co ...
 Sea-level rise The rate of global mean sea level rise has accelerated during the last two centuries. Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 2 ...
 Storms Storm location, frequency and intensity show considerable variability across Europe over the past century, such that no clear trends are apparent. A recent reanalysis suggests that stormines ...

Resources

 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, WGII Chapter 5: Coastal systems and low-lying area This is the chapter on coastal systems and low lying areas in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. It synthesizes the scient ...
 Impacts of climate change in coastal systems in Europe. PESETA - Coastal Systems Results of the physical impacts and adaptation cost assessment of sea-level rise for the European Union are presented f ...
 Sea-Level Rise - ClimateCost Technical Briefing Note nr. 2 The Impacts and Economic Costs of Sea-Level Rise on Coastal Zones in the EU and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Result ...
 GMES Ocean Monitoring and forecasting (MyOcean) The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the G ...
 OURCOAST, the European portal for Integrated Coastal Zone Management Through OURCOAST, the European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the coastal management experiences and practice ...
 Coastlearn CoastLearn is an internet based distance vocational training package on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). This self-learning tool targets primarily coastal managers and planners wo ...

Search results

» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
relevance:

» Coastal Zones. Policy alternatives impacts on European Coastal Zones. 2000 – 2050  - This report presents the results obtained from the application the EUClueScanner* land‐use model for the simulation of ...
relevance:

» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
relevance:

» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
relevance:

» Methods for assessing current and future coastal vulnerability to climate change - ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2010/8  - This background paper identifies key aspects of methods, data and models for assessing ...
relevance:

» Adaptation to Climate Change in the Baltic States: A background paper  - This background paper was prepared in the frame of the project BaltClim which shall support national adaptation strategies to clim ...
relevance:

» Baltadapt Action Plan. Recommended actions and proposed guidelines for climate change adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region  - The overriding goal of the Action Plan (AP) is to promote the implementation o ...
relevance:

» Climate Adaptation Research in a Larger Europe: an analysis at national scale  - The CIRCLE-2 Climate Adaptation INFOBASE is a publicly accessible, online database on Climate Adaptation research. The INF ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Plan 2010, United Kingdom  - This Plan sets how the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra, a government department in the UK) will continue to deal with the challenges ...
relevance:

» Estonia: The best practices of coastal zone protection and conservation in spatial planning  - This report was compiled within the Balltic Green Belt project. The Baltic Green Belt project wants to conse ...
relevance:

» GMES Ocean Monitoring and forecasting (MyOcean)  - The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to deliver and operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting system of the G ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
relevance:

» Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and GEO-Portal  - The Group on Earth Observations is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. The Global Ea ...
relevance:

» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The portal provides information on observations and projections of climate impacts in sectors such as health, agriculture, forest, ...
relevance:

» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
relevance:

» UNFCCC Database of Private Sector Initiative on Adaptation  - This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the United Nations Framework Conventi ...
relevance:

» UNFCCC Funding for Adaptation interface  - The UNFCCC’s adaptation funding interface provides a platform to access and screen information on funding options available for adaptation worldwide. It ...
relevance:

» Adapting to extreme weather in Norwegian municipalities  - Local authorities in Norway have varying abilities to deal with climate-related extremes, such as floods, storms, landslides, and avalanches. Ye ...
relevance:

» Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (DWD)  - The Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst - DWD) offers assess to climate data for Germany, but ...
relevance:

» Impacts and Adaptation (ONERC) - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The French national portal ""Impacts and Adaptation"" (Impacts et adaptation) of the National Observatory on the Effects of Global Warming (Observatoire N ...
relevance:

» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
relevance:

» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
relevance:

» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
relevance:

» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
relevance:

» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
relevance:

» Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change - Guidelines for Municipalities  - These Guidelines are intended to assist local communities in formulating Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs) or implementing some st ...
relevance:

» Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Strategic Environmental Assessment.  - The need for action on climate change and biodiversity loss is recognised across Europe and around the ...
relevance:

» Guidance on water supply and sanitation in extreme weather events  - Extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, are increasing in frequency and intensity. They affect the operation of water-s ...
relevance:

» Guiding principles for adaptation to climate change in Europe  - The aim of the study is to provide a starting point for further work by EEA and/or other organizations on identifying success factors and ...
relevance:

» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
relevance:

» Coastal Vulnerability Index – CVI  - The Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) is one of the most commonly used and simple methods to assess coastal vulnerability to sea level rise, in particular due to eros ...
relevance:

» Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment model - DIVA  - The DIVA tool is an integrated, global model of coastal systems that assesses biophysical and socio-economic consequences of sea-level rise an ...
relevance:

» Deduce Indicators Guidelines. To adopt an indicators-based approach to evaluate coastal sustainable development  - Deduce Indicators Guidelines summarise the lessons learnt in the Deduce project regardin ...
relevance:

» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
relevance:

» Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Tools  - A resource through which a matrix of climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation tool characteristics can be found and downloade ...
relevance:

» Climate Guide: Climate Change Impacts in Finland  - The Maps provided by the platform show estimates of the impacts of climate change in different parts of Finland, either on a regular network of grid bo ...
relevance:

» Climate Vulnerability Monitor  - The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate change and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vulner ...
relevance:

» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the co ...
relevance:

» Equity Explorer  - The Equity Explorer allows users to visualize the multiple dimensions of climate equity by using a collection of indicators. The indicators include emissions, level of development, vul ...
relevance:

» Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe – indicators and maps  - The recently published EEA report 'Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe' includes several indicators and thematic maps such ...
relevance:

» Greenland ice sheet  - The Greenland ice sheet is the largest body of ice in the Northern Hemisphere and plays an important role in the global climate system. Melting of the Greenland ice sheet has co ...
relevance:

» Sea-level rise  - The rate of global mean sea level rise has accelerated during the last two centuries. Tide gauges show that global mean sea level rose at a rate of around 1.7 mm/year over the 2 ...
relevance:

» Storms  - Storm location, frequency and intensity show considerable variability across Europe over the past century, such that no clear trends are apparent. A recent reanalysis suggests that stormines ...
relevance:

» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
relevance:

» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
relevance:

» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
relevance:

» C8 project  - Consistent computation of the chemistry-cloud continuum and climate change in Cyprus
relevance:

» CCSP project  - Climate changes Spatial Planning
relevance:

» PAST4FUTURE project  - Climate change - Learning from the past climate
relevance:

» TIDE project  - Tidal River Development
relevance:

» ASTRA project  - Developing Policies & Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region
relevance:

» BLAST project  - Bringing Land and Sea Together
relevance:

» CHAMP project  - Local Climate Change Response
relevance:

» Adaptation or improvement of dikes and dams  - Dikes and dams need regular maintenance and strengthening to keep their protection capacities and meet safety requirements. In addition, climate scenarios f ...
relevance:

» Adaptation of Flood Management Plans  - Floods can be from many sources caused by multiple mechanisms including due to heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded ...
relevance:

» Floating and Amphibious Housing  - Floating and amphibious houses are built to be situated in a water body and are designed to adapt to rising and falling water levels. Floating houses are permanently in ...
relevance:

» Floating or Elevated Roads  - Road transport infrastructure and evacuation routes that are prone to flooding need to be flood proofed to reduce the vulnerability and negative impacts of flooding of trans ...
relevance:

» Restoration and management of coastal wetlands  - Coastal wetlands (or tidal marshes) are saltwater and brackish water wetlands located in coastal areas. They provide natural defence against coastal floo ...
relevance:

» Dune construction and strengthening   - Dune erosion results from wind action (surface erosion) and marine erosion of the toe and face of the dune. Erosion is a natural phenomenon that can be worsened by ...
relevance:

» Cliff stabilisation  - Coastal cliffs can be differentiated according to their morphology and structure: cliffs can be loose – sand, silt, clay, marl and chalk – or hard, made of limestone, s ...
relevance:

» Seawalls and jetties  - A seawall is a structure made of concrete, masonry or sheet piles, built parallel to the shore at the transition between the beach and the mainland or dune, to protect the inland ...
relevance:

» Storm surge gates / flood barriers  - Storm surge gates / flood barriers are fixed installations that allow water to pass in normal conditions and have gates or bulkheads that can be closed against storm ...
relevance:

» Cliff strengthening  - Coastal cliffs can be differentiated according to their morphology and structure: cliffs can be loose – sand, silt, clay, marl and chalk – or hard, made of limestone, s ...
relevance:

» Addressing coastal erosion in Marche region, Italy  - A series of actions were taken to address erosion in the section of coast between the municipalities of Sirolo and Numana, in the region of Le Marche ...
relevance:

» Coastal protection by managed realignment, Titchwell Marsh  - Titchwell Marsh lies towards the western end of the North Norfolk coast. It forms a key part of the North Norfolk Coast Special Protection Ar ...
relevance:

» Complex embankment and dyke systems in the Smeltalė River, Klaipėda city  - Klaipėda is a coastal city with almost all of its territory located on coastal lowland, and the Smeltalė river situated in the ...
relevance:

» Flexible and adaptive coastal planning and protection approach in Aurich, Lower Saxony  - The rural district of Aurich in Lower Saxony is the northernmost district of Germany, bordering the Netherlands a ...
relevance:

» Integrating climate change adaptation into coastal planning in Šibenik-Knin County (Croatia)  - Šibenik-Knin County in Croatia has 960 km of coast and 285 islands and rocks. Its coastal zone consi ...
relevance:

» Multi-Hazard Approach to Early Warning System in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway  - The county of Sogn og Fjordane frequently experiences avalanches and landslides, storm surges and flooding. Due to climate cha ...
relevance:

» Wetland adaptation in Attica Region, Greece  - The strategy and action plan for the wetland ecosystems in Attica Region (Greece) were developed in the OrientGate project by the Environmental Department o ...
relevance:

» An integrated plan incorporating flood protection: the Sigma Plan (Scheldt Estuary, Belgium)  - The Sigma Plan is an integrated flood protection plan that was first established in 1977 in reaction to a m ...
relevance:

» Habitat restoration and management in the Ebro delta coastal lagoons  - The Alfacada and Tancada coastal lagoons are located in the Delta del Ebro Natural Park. The lagoons are vulnerable to the effects ...
relevance:

» Implementation of the integrated Master Plan for Coastal Safety in Flanders  - The Flemish coast is intensively used by many actors. A safety test of the coastal defences showed that about one third of t ...
relevance:

» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
relevance:

» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
relevance:

» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major info ...
relevance:

» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
relevance:

» I-storm - International Network for Storm Surge Barriers  - I-storm principal aim is sharing experiences and transfer of knowledge on operational and functional management of large movable storm surge ba ...
relevance:

» PROVIA - Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation  - The Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA) is a global initiative ...
relevance:

» European Centre for River Restoration (ECRR)  - The ECRR is a European network based on a framework of national networks (national centres for river restoration) whose mission is to enhance and promote ...
relevance:

» European Commission Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA)  - The Directorate-General for Climate Action (""DG CLIMA"") was established in February 2010, climate change being previously included ...
relevance:

» European Investment Bank  - The EIB is the European Union's bank. The bank is owned by and representing the interests of the European Union Member States. It works closely with other EU institutions to i ...
relevance:

» Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia  - Research activities have the target of the updating and further developing activities concerning the evaluation of the climate changes at the global scal ...
relevance: