Water Management

Last Update: 15 March 2013

Water resources are directly impacted by climate change, and the management of these resources affects the vulnerability of ecosystems, socio-economic activities and human health. Water management is also expected to play an increasingly central role in adaptation

Climate change is projected to lead to major changes in water availability across Europe with increasing water scarcity and droughts mainly in Southern Europe and increasing risk of floods throughout most of Europe. 

Indicators

 Global and European temperature Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
 Floods and health River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
 Mean precipitation Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
 Irrigation water requirement In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
 Glaciers The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...
 River flow Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
 River flow drought Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...

Resources

 EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
 River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3 The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
 Danube River Basin Climate Adaptation Strategy Agreement among countries of the Danube River Basin on an adaptation strategy to climate change, with main aim to cope with future changes in temperature ...
 Water and Climate Change: Which Adaptation Strategy for the Mediterranean Adapting to climate change in the Mediterranean is a key issue for water management. It has not yet been significantly transla ...
 Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine issues Commission staff working document accompanying the White paper - Adapting to climate change: towards a European framework for action Climate Change ...
 EEA report on Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability This report describes how the natural cycle of water availability is continuously coming under threat from a variety of differen ...
 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, WGII Chapter 3: Freshwater Resources This is the chapter on freshwater resources in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. It synthesizes the scientific knowledge on past and fu ...

Search results

» EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought  - This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
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» River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3  - The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
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» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
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» Impacts of climate change in tourism in Europe. PESETA - Tourism  - This document contains the results of the physical impact assessment for tourism within the context of the PESETA project. Climate chan ...
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» Conceptualizing Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Findings from an Applied Adaptation Assessment Framework  - Urban areas have particular sensitivities to climate change, and therefore adaptation to a w ...
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» Adapting to climate change in the UK - measuring progress  - This is the Adaptation Sub-Commitee's 2nd Progress Report of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It set ...
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» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
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» IPCC IV AR, WG2 - Chapter 3: Freshwater resources and their management  - The chapter on water resources of IPCC Working Group 2's 4th Assessment. The impacts of climate change on freshwater systems and ...
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» Baltadapt Action Plan. Recommended actions and proposed guidelines for climate change adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region  - The overriding goal of the Action Plan (AP) is to promote the implementation o ...
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» European Drought Observatory (EDO)  - JRC's Action DESERT is developing a European Drought Observatory (EDO), a web-based information system, integrating information from various sources and disciplines, ...
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» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
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» Bavarian State Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection Climate Change Website  - Regional approach on adaptation plans and strategies for Bavaria This website informs about the principles of Ba ...
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» Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and GEO-Portal  - The Group on Earth Observations is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. The Global Ea ...
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» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The portal provides information on observations and projections of climate impacts in sectors such as health, agriculture, forest, ...
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» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
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» UNFCCC Database of Private Sector Initiative on Adaptation  - This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the United Nations Framework Conventi ...
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» UNFCCC Funding for Adaptation interface  - The UNFCCC’s adaptation funding interface provides a platform to access and screen information on funding options available for adaptation worldwide. It ...
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» Adapting to extreme weather in Norwegian municipalities  - Local authorities in Norway have varying abilities to deal with climate-related extremes, such as floods, storms, landslides, and avalanches. Ye ...
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» Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (DWD)  - The Climate Data Center (CDC) of the German Weather Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst - DWD) offers assess to climate data for Germany, but ...
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» RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE  - In the context of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) Common Implementation Strategy, an activity on Climate Change and Water was initiated in 2007 to pr ...
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» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
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» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
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» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
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» Guidebook urban climate  - The objective of this guidebook is to support cities to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. It provides comprehensive information on the situation in the German ...
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» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
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» Changing Climate, Changing Communites: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation  - With support from Natural Resources Canada, ICLEI developed this resource to provide guidance for municipal g ...
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» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
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» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
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» Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change - Guidelines for Municipalities  - These Guidelines are intended to assist local communities in formulating Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs) or implementing some st ...
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» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
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» Capacity building for sustainable water resources management  - Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in sustainable water management. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous int ...
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» ClimWatAdapt Integrated Assesment Framework  - The ClimWatAdapt project developed an Integrated Assessment Framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and for assessing appropriate adaptation ...
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» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
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» Blue Green Dream  - Blue Green Dream is an adapation support tool to deliver climate change resilience and multiple urban green benefits via nature based solutions. The adaptation support tool has been d ...
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» Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Tools  - A resource through which a matrix of climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation tool characteristics can be found and downloade ...
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» Climate Guide: Climate Change Impacts in Finland  - The Maps provided by the platform show estimates of the impacts of climate change in different parts of Finland, either on a regular network of grid bo ...
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» Climate Navigator Tool for Cities  - This toolkit provides practical guidance on how to integrate climate change adaptation in urban development. It contains useful hints for cities and communities, loca ...
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» Climate Vulnerability Monitor  - The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate change and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vulner ...
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» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the co ...
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» Vulnerability and risk for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project)  - In this project vulnerability and risk maps have been created for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project): - Annual average water ...
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» SPI: Standardized Precipitation Index  - The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI-n) is a statistical indicator comparing the total precipitation received at a particular location during a period of n mo ...
relevance:

» Global and European temperature  - Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
relevance:

» Floods and health  - River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
relevance:

» Mean precipitation  - Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
relevance:

» Irrigation water requirement  - In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
relevance:

» Glaciers  - The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...
relevance:

» River flow  - Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
relevance:

» River flow drought  - Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
relevance:

» Precipitation extremes  - There are no widespread significant trends in either the number of consecutive dry or wet days across Europe. Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more fr ...
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» River floods  - More than 325 major river floods have been reported for Europe since 1980, of which more than 200 have been reported since 2000. The rise in the reported number of flood e ...
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» Snow cover  - Snow cover extent in the Northern Hemisphere has declined significantly over the past 90 years, with most of the reductions occurring since 1980. Snow cover extent has decreased by 7% on ...
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» ALARM project  - Assesing large scale risks for biodiversity with tested methods
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» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
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» ASSIST project  - Alpine Safety, Security And Information Services and Technologies
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» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
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» ForeStClim project  - Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts
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» LAIC project  - Land-atmosphere interactions in China
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» NCoE CRAICC project  - Cryosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate
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» STRADA project  - Adaptation strategies to climate change for natural risk management in the transboundary Italy-Switzerland territory
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» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
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» BRIDGE project  - SustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism
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» Adaptation or improvement of dikes and dams  - Dikes and dams need regular maintenance and strengthening to keep their protection capacities and meet safety requirements. In addition, climate scenarios f ...
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» Adaptation of Flood Management Plans  - Floods can be from many sources caused by multiple mechanisms including due to heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded ...
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» Water Recycling  - Access to adequate supplies of water is central to a sustainable future and climate change is expected to exacerbate water scarcity problems in several European regions. Recycling of w ...
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» Green spaces and corridors in urban areas  - Recent studies have highlighted the importance of boosting green urban areas and connecting fragments of green space with ecological corridors to improve biod ...
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» Rehabilitation and restoration of rivers  - River rehabilitation and restoration embraces a great variety of measures having in common the emphasis on natural functions of rivers, which may have been los ...
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» Improvement of irrigation efficiency  - Soil moisture, also referred to as ‘green water’, is the component of the water cycle that is accessible by the roots of plants, enabling them to grow. ...
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» Improved water retention in agricultural areas  - Storing water in soil decreases the negative impacts of droughts. Several grey measures are available, and in measures based on the use of technology in ...
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» Establishment and restoration of riparian buffer s  - Vegetated and unfertilized buffer zones alongside watercourses can significantly contribute to improve micro-climatic conditions, they act as a shiel ...
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» Water Sensitive Forest Management  - It is increasingly recognized that both the availability and the quality of water are strongly influenced by forests and that water resources in many regions are unde ...
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» Adaptation of urban planning: water and energy  - A varied package of soft adaptation measures can be considered for climate proofing of urban planning and design. Concerning building, new standards and ...
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» A flood and heat proof green Emscher valley, Germany  - Over a century ago a sparsely populated landscape of water meadows was transformed into an industrial conurbation, and the untamed river Emscher tu ...
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» Complex embankment and dyke systems in the Smeltalė River, Klaipėda city  - Klaipėda is a coastal city with almost all of its territory located on coastal lowland, and the Smeltalė river situated in the ...
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» Flexible and adaptive coastal planning and protection approach in Aurich, Lower Saxony  - The rural district of Aurich in Lower Saxony is the northernmost district of Germany, bordering the Netherlands a ...
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» Infrastructure and economic incentives to reduce vulnerability to drought in Segura and Tagus basins  - The Segura River Basin in the south east of Spain suffers from a structural condition of water scar ...
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» Integrating climate change adaptation into coastal planning in Šibenik-Knin County (Croatia)  - Šibenik-Knin County in Croatia has 960 km of coast and 285 islands and rocks. Its coastal zone consi ...
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» New locks in Albertkanaal in Flanders, Belgium  - The Albert canal in the eastern part of Flanders connects the industrial zones around Liege with the harbour of Antwerp. Ships can continue their way at ...
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» Tamera water retention landscape to restore the water cycle and reduce vulnerability to droughts  - Tamera, a farm of 154 ha, is located in the most arid region of Portugal (Alentejo). This area has show ...
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» The economics of managing heavy rains and stormwater in Copenhagen – The Cloudburst Management Plan  - To combat the impacts of cloudbursts, the City of Copenhagen developed a Cloudburst Management Plan ...
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» Wetland adaptation in Attica Region, Greece  - The strategy and action plan for the wetland ecosystems in Attica Region (Greece) were developed in the OrientGate project by the Environmental Department o ...
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» Zaragoza: combining awareness raising and financial measures to enhance water efficiency  - The Zaragoza Water Saving City programme was initiated in 1996 in response to water scarcity. It included aware ...
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» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
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» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
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» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major info ...
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» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
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» Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)  - The Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, ISPRA (Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale), was establish ...
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» PROVIA - Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation  - The Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA) is a global initiative ...
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» Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory  - The Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory (OPCC) has been created under the Pyrenees Working Community (CTP), to monitor and understand climate change in the Pyrenees. ...
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» IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science  - The Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science (under the auspices of UNESCO) is the only UNESCO Category 2 Centre in the UK and its competence in water ...
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» UNEP - Climate Change Adaptation  - The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) aims to help developing countries to reduce vulnerabilities and build resilience to the impacts of climate change. UNEP ...
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» EMWIS  - EMWIS (Euro-Mediterranean Information System on know-how in the Water sector) is an initiative of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. It provides a strategic tool for exchanging information and ...
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