Water Management

Water resources are directly impacted by climate change, and the management of these resources affects the vulnerability of ecosystems, socio-economic activities and human health. Water management is also expected to play an increasingly central role in adaptation

Climate change is projected to lead to major changes in water availability across Europe with increasing water scarcity and droughts mainly in Southern Europe and increasing risk of floods throughout most of Europe. 

Indicators

 Floods and health River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
 Mean precipitation Annual precipitation trends since 1950 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe and a decrease by up to 70 mm in some par ...
 Irrigation water requirement In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
 Glaciers The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear acc ...
 River flow Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
 River flow drought Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
 Precipitation extremes There are no widespread significant trends in either the number of consecutive dry or wet days across Europe. Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more fr ...

Resources

 River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3 The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
 EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
 Danube River Basin Climate Adaptation Strategy Agreement among countries of the Danube River Basin on an adaptation strategy to climate change, with main aim to cope with future changes in temperature ...
 Water and Climate Change: Which Adaptation Strategy for the Mediterranean Adapting to climate change in the Mediterranean is a key issue for water management. It has not yet been significantly transla ...
 Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine issues Commission staff working document accompanying the White paper - Adapting to climate change: towards a European framework for action Climate Change ...
 EEA report on Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability This report describes how the natural cycle of water availability is continuously coming under threat from a variety of differen ...
 Addressing the challenge of water scarcity and droughts in the European Union Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council - Addressing the challenge of water scarcity ...

Search results

» Adaptation Strategies for European Cities: Final Report  - DG Climate Action commissioned a consortium led by Ricardo-AEA and ICLEI to undertake the Adaptation Strategies for European Cities project. ...
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» European cities adapt to climate change - cities learning from cities  - An Open European Day at the Resilient Cities Conference in Bonn, 3 June 2013 was dedicated to capacity building for urban author ...
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» River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3  - The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
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» EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought  - This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
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» Impacts of climate change in tourism in Europe. PESETA - Tourism  - This document contains the results of the physical impact assessment for tourism within the context of the PESETA project. Climate chan ...
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» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
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» Conceptualizing Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Findings from an Applied Adaptation Assessment Framework  - Urban areas have particular sensitivities to climate change, and therefore adaptation to a w ...
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» Adapting to climate change in the UK - measuring progress  - This is the Adaptation Sub-Commitee's 2nd Progress Report of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It set ...
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» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
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» IPCC IV AR, WG2 - Chapter 3: Freshwater resources and their management  - The chapter on water resources of IPCC Working Group 2's 4th Assessment. The impacts of climate change on freshwater systems and ...
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» ADAM adaptation catalogue  - This catalogue acts as an inventory of practical adaptation options and associated enabling institutional frameworks, and differentiates between options according to the form ...
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» EDO - European Drought Observatory  - JRC's Action DESERT is developing a European Drought Observatory (EDO), a web-based information system, integrating information from various sources and disciplines, ...
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» EEA Waterbase - Water Quantity  - Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine wa ...
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» WISE, Water Information System for Europe  - Since 22 March (World Water Day) 2007, the Water Information System for Europe (WISE) is the gateway to information on European water related information ra ...
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» weADAPT / wikiADAPT  - weADAPT is an online ""open space"" knowledge platform on climate adaptation issues (including the synergies between adaptation and mitigation) which allows practitioners, research ...
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» Drought Management Centre for South East Europe  - Drought Management Centre for South East Europe (DMCSEE) coordinates development and application of drought risk management tools and policies with the g ...
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» Mayors Adapt -The Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change  - In parallel with reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change, the European Union also needs to st ...
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» European Floods Portal  - The European Floods Portal of the Land Management and Natural Hazards Unit of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) brings ...
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» UKCIP, UK Climate Impacts Programme  - UK national portal offering information on the newest (2009) UK climate projections (for each of the UKCP09 16 administrative regions), maps, tools, guidance, case ...
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» Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE)  - Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) is a joint project of Island Press and EcoAdapt . It is aimed at building a shared knowledge base for ...
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» Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Strategic Environmental Assessment.  - The need for action on climate change and biodiversity loss is recognised across Europe and around th ...
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» Guiding principles for adaptation to climate change in Europe  - The aim of the study is to provide a starting point for further work by EEA and/or other organizations on identifying success factors and c ...
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» Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional and State Governments  - This Guidebook is a framework that communities can use to prepare for and adapt to regional climate changes. The g ...
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» UKCIP ‘Adaptation Wizard’  - The UKCIP Adaptation Wizard is a tool to help organisations adapt to climate change. It uses a 5-step process that will help assessing an organisation’s vulnerability to cu ...
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» Climate change adaptation by design - a guide for sustainable communities  - This report shows how adaptation can be integrated into the planning, design and development of new and existing communities in ...
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» Design of guidelines for the elaboration of Regional Climate Change Adaptations Strategies  - This Policy Guidance is intended to assist regional authorities and other functional authorities in the reg ...
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» Guidelines on developing adaptation strategies  - This Commission Staff Working Document from European Commission contributes to achieving the first objective of the EU Adaptation Strategy. It pro ...
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» RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE  - In the context of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) Common Implementation Strategy, an activity on Climate Change and Water was initiated in 2007 to pr ...
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» Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change  - The UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes provides a sound framework for transboundary coop ...
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» The Nottingham Declaration Action Plan  - The Nottingham Declaration acknowledges the increasing impact that climate change will have on our community during the 21st century and commits to tackling th ...
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» Adaptation Compass  - The Future Cities Adaptation Compass is a guidance tool for developing climate-proof city regions. In a city, almost all departments are facing the impacts of climate change. They ...
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» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAFE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the ...
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» FINESSI  - FINESSI is a web tool that allows the user to explore the possible impacts of climate change in Finland on chosen impact areas and at different time periods up to the end of the 21st century ...
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» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is one of the tools for the implementation of the NetSyMoD methodological framework for Social Net work Analysis, Creative System Modelling and D ...
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» Climate Change Adaptation Navigator  - This web-based application is designed to assist local and state governments as well as regional organisations in the process of adapting to the impacts of climat ...
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» Capacity building for sustainable water resources management  - Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in sustainable water management. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous int ...
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» ClimWatAdapt Integrated Assesment Framework  - The ClimWatAdapt project has developed an Integrated Assessment Framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and for assessing appropriate adaptat ...
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» PLUREL XPLORER - the information platform for rural-urban land use relationships  - PLUREL Xplorer, a web-based information platform that condensates and configures the knowledge and various products o ...
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» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, trainin ...
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» Climatic Planning and Reviewing Tools for regions and local authorities  - EnercitEE (http://enercitee.eu/#&panel1-1) will contribute to the improvement of local and regional policies and provide ass ...
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» Vulnerability and risk for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project)  - In this project vulnerability and risk maps have been created for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project): - Annual average water str ...
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» Annual average water stress (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, EcF)  - Annual average water stress indicator WEI on river basin level for 2050, SCENES scenario Economy First (EcF). A water stress indicator is ...
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» Change in winter water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average winter water availability between 2071– ...
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» Change in autumn water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average autumn water availability between 2071– ...
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» Climate variables - projected changes (ESPON Climate Change project)  - The ESPON Climate project performed a pan-European vulnerability assessment as a basis for identifying regional typologies of climat ...
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» Drought hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 20-year minimum flow return level between 2071–2100 and the r ...
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» Flood hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for B2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 100-year flood return level between 2071–2100 and the reference ...
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» Maintainance of environmental minimum flows, summer (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, SUE)  - Maintenance of the environmental minimum water requirements (environmental flows) for 2050, SCENES scenario Sustain ...
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» Change in annual mean precipitation in summer months  - Relative change in annual mean precipitation in meteorological summer months (June - August). Climatic changes derived from a comparison of 1961 ...
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» Summer Precipitation Change 2021-2050  - Projected changes in summer precipitation in percentages under A1B scenario, multi-model ensemble mean for the time periods 2021-2050 relative to 1961-1990 mean. M ...
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» Floods and health  - River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
relevance:

» Mean precipitation  - Annual precipitation trends since 1950 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe and a decrease by up to 70 mm in some par ...
relevance:

» Irrigation water requirement  - In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
relevance:

» Glaciers  - The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear acc ...
relevance:

» River flow  - Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
relevance:

» River flow drought  - Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
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» Precipitation extremes  - There are no widespread significant trends in either the number of consecutive dry or wet days across Europe. Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more fr ...
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» River floods  - More than 325 major river floods have been reported for Europe since 1980, of which more than 200 have been reported since 2000. The rise in the reported number of flood e ...
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» Snow cover  - Snow cover extent in the Northern Hemisphere has fallen by 7 % in March and 11 % in April during the past 4 decades. In winter and autumn no significant changes have occurre ...
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» Water temperature  - Water temperatures in major European rivers have increased by 1–3 °C over the last century. Several time series show increasing lake and river temperatures all over Europe ...
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» ALARM project  - Assesing large scale risks for biodiversity with tested methods
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» ESPON CLIMATE project  - Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies in Eu
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» CIRCE project  - Climate change and impact research: the Mediterranean environment
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» ClimWatAdapt project  - Climate Adaptation – modelling water scenarios and sectoral impacts
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» Euro-limpacs project  - Evaluating the Impacts of Global Change on European Freshwater Ecosystems
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» HIGHNOON project  - HighNoon: adaptation to changing water resources availability in northern India with Himalayan glacier retreat and changing monsoon pattern
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» WASSERMED project  - Water Availability and Security in Southern EuRope and the Mediterranean
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» WATCH project  - Water and Global Change
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» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
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» STRADA project  - Adaptation strategies to climate change for natural risk management in the transboundary Italy-Switzerland territory
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» Drought monitoring and drought communication systems  - Coping with droughts requires the availability of timely and reliable climate information, as well as an adequate management of droughts requires up ...
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» Integrated land use and water management  - Land use planing can be used to cope with droughts, water scarcity and flooding as it can significantly affect the water cycle of a region. Land use influences ...
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» Improve water retention in rural areas  - Storing water in soil decreases the negative impacts of droughts. E.g. no-tillage and cropping systems can reduce water runoff. Runoff, depending on soil chara ...
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» Awareness campaigns about potential impacts and behavioural change  - This measure encompasses actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change and adaptation. Awareness c ...
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» Adaptation of dredging practice  - The measure focuses on the adaptation of dredging practices to changes in water depth, navigability, erosion and siltation in rivers. Dredging methods or disposal option ...
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» Adapting existing dykes and dams  - The design of existing dykes and dams can be modified to fulfil different purposes. Re-enforcing dykes and dams can increase their stability and resistance against dyke ...
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» Adapting the design factor for flood protection  - Floods can be caused by heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded. In some parts of Europe an increase of peak ...
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» Climate proofing flood prone areas  - Climate proofing is the continuous process of reducing the impacts of climate change by taking robust, resilient and flexible measures to proactively adapt to the pro ...
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» Compartmentalization  - One of the options to reduce flood risk, other than strengthening the primary water defence structures, is to compartmentalize the to be protected region in zones, for example b ...
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» Construction and Design of Buildings - Flooding  - In flood prone areas, flooding can cause severe damage to building not prepared to deal with high water levels.
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» Allow transgression of sea in wide dune areas, allow wash over of dikes - NL  - In Zeeland, the Netherlands, a new strategy in coastal management of allowing the sea to invade former dune slacks is being ...
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» Adaptation and Prevention Measures - ES  - The study defines different potential climate scenarios for the Ebro Delta, analyses the vulnerability at an ecological, economical and social level, and defines ...
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» Improved water resource management in areas with acute water shortage - MT  - In Malta, extreme water shortage has led to integrated water resource management being used to improve water supply. With limi ...
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» Management of development run-off - Bromsgrove District Council UK  - The site at Hopwood uses a series of sustainable drainage systems in sequence to manage flow and control pollution which is called a ‘ ...
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» Park refurbishment with storm water retention  - In the Gomeznarro Park, Madrid, and its vicinity there is a considerable danger of erosion. In case of intensive rain lower parts of build area flooded. Th ...
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» Re-developing communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change, Malmö - SE  - EcoCity Augustenborg is the collective name for a programme to make Augustenborg, Malmö into a more socially, economicall ...
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» Willingdon Levels, Eastbourne, East Sussex - UK  - Developers would only receive planning permission if they voluntarily signed a Section 106 agreement setting out the volume of flood storage water requir ...
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» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major infor ...
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» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
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» World Meteorological Organization (WMO)  - The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour o ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by UNEP and WMO to assess the most up-to-date scientific and technical research in ...
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» International Water Association (IWA)  - The International Water Association (IWA) is a global reference point for water professionals, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering al ...
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» United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)  - In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively con ...
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» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
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» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
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» Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)  - The Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, ISPRA (Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale), was establishe ...
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» ONERC (Observatoire National sur les Effets du Réchauffement Climatique)  - The Observatoire national sur les effets du réchauffement climatique (ONERC) is a French organisation that was created by law on ...
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