Water Management

Water resources are directly impacted by climate change, and the management of these resources affects the vulnerability of ecosystems, socio-economic activities and human health. Water management is also expected to play an increasingly central role in adaptation

Climate change is projected to lead to major changes in water availability across Europe with increasing water scarcity and droughts mainly in Southern Europe and increasing risk of floods throughout most of Europe. 

Indicators

 Global and European temperature Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
 Floods and health River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
 Mean precipitation Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
 Irrigation water requirement In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
 Glaciers The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...
 River flow Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
 River flow drought Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...

Resources

 EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
 River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3 The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
 Danube River Basin Climate Adaptation Strategy Agreement among countries of the Danube River Basin on an adaptation strategy to climate change, with main aim to cope with future changes in temperature ...
 Water and Climate Change: Which Adaptation Strategy for the Mediterranean Adapting to climate change in the Mediterranean is a key issue for water management. It has not yet been significantly transla ...
 Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine issues Commission staff working document accompanying the White paper - Adapting to climate change: towards a European framework for action Climate Change ...
 EEA report on Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability This report describes how the natural cycle of water availability is continuously coming under threat from a variety of differen ...
 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, WGII Chapter 3: Freshwater Resources This is the chapter on freshwater resources in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. It synthesizes the scientific knowledge on past and fu ...

Search results

» EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought  - This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
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» River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3  - The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
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» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
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» Impacts of climate change in tourism in Europe. PESETA - Tourism  - This document contains the results of the physical impact assessment for tourism within the context of the PESETA project. Climate chan ...
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» Conceptualizing Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Findings from an Applied Adaptation Assessment Framework  - Urban areas have particular sensitivities to climate change, and therefore adaptation to a w ...
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» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
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» IPCC IV AR, WG2 - Chapter 3: Freshwater resources and their management  - The chapter on water resources of IPCC Working Group 2's 4th Assessment. The impacts of climate change on freshwater systems and ...
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» Adapting to climate change in the UK - measuring progress  - This is the Adaptation Sub-Commitee's 2nd Progress Report of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It set ...
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» Baltadapt Action Plan. Recommended actions and proposed guidelines for climate change adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region  - The overriding goal of the Action Plan (AP) is to promote the implementation o ...
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» Mayors Adapt -The Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change  - In parallel with reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change, the European Union also needs to st ...
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» ADAM adaptation catalogue  - This catalogue acts as an inventory of practical adaptation options and associated enabling institutional frameworks, and differentiates between options according to the form ...
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» European Drought Observatory (EDO)  - JRC's Action DESERT is developing a European Drought Observatory (EDO), a web-based information system, integrating information from various sources and disciplines, ...
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» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
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» Bavarian State Ministry of Environment and Consumer Protection Climate Change Website  - Regional approach on adaptation plans and strategies for Bavaria This website informs about the principles of Ba ...
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» Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and GEO-Portal  - The Group on Earth Observations is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. The Global Ea ...
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» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany - YEAR OF LAUNCH  - The portal provides information on observations and projections of climate impacts in sectors such as health, agriculture, forest, ...
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» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
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» UNFCCC Database of Private Sector Initiative on Adaptation  - This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the United Nations Framework Conventi ...
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» UNFCCC Funding for Adaptation interface  - The UNFCCC’s adaptation funding interface provides a platform to access and screen information on funding options available for adaptation worldwide. It ...
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» RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE  - In the context of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) Common Implementation Strategy, an activity on Climate Change and Water was initiated in 2007 to pr ...
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» The Nottingham Declaration Action Plan  - The Nottingham Declaration acknowledges the increasing impact that climate change will have on our community during the 21st century and commits to tackling the ...
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» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
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» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
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» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
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» Guidebook urban climate  - The objective of this guidebook is to support cities to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. It provides comprehensive information on the situation in the German ...
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» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
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» Changing Climate, Changing Communites: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation  - With support from Natural Resources Canada, ICLEI developed this resource to provide guidance for municipal g ...
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» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
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» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
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» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
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» Capacity building for sustainable water resources management  - Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in sustainable water management. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous int ...
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» ClimWatAdapt Integrated Assesment Framework  - The ClimWatAdapt project has developed an Integrated Assessment Framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and for assessing appropriate adapta ...
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» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
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» Climate Guide: Climate Change Impacts in Finland  - The Maps provided by the platform show estimates of the impacts of climate change in different parts of Finland, either on a regular network of grid bo ...
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» Climate Navigator Tool for Cities  - This toolkit provides practical guidance on how to integrate climate change adaptation in urban development. It contains useful hints for cities and communities, loca ...
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» Climate Vulnerability Monitor  - The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate change and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vulner ...
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» CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform  - The CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment (IA) Platform is a unique user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that enables European stakeholders to explore the co ...
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» Equity Explorer  - The Equity Explorer allows users to visualize the multiple dimensions of climate equity by using a collection of indicators. The indicators include emissions, level of development, vul ...
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» Regional Impact Simulator - RegIS tool  - The RegIS project (Regional Climate Change Impact and Response Studies in East Anglia and North West England) was a first attempt to quantitatively model the cros ...
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» Vulnerability and risk for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project)  - In this project vulnerability and risk maps have been created for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project): - Annual average water ...
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» Annual average water stress (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, EcF)  - Annual average water stress indicator WEI on river basin level for 2050, SCENES scenario Economy First (EcF). A water stress indica ...
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» Change in winter water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average winter water availability between 2071– ...
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» Change in autumn water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average autumn water availability between 2071– ...
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» Climate variables - projected changes (ESPON Climate Change project)  - The ESPON Climate project performed a pan-European vulnerability assessment as a basis for identifying regional typologies of cli ...
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» Drought hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 20-year minimum flow return level between 2071–2100 and the r ...
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» Flood hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for B2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 100-year flood return level between 2071–2100 and the reference ...
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» Maintainance of environmental minimum flows, summer (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, SUE)  - Maintenance of the environmental minimum water requirements (environmental flows) for 2050, SCENES scenario Sust ...
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» Change in annual mean precipitation in summer months  - Relative change in annual mean precipitation in meteorological summer months (June - August). Climatic changes derived from a comparison of 1961 ...
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» Summer Precipitation Change 2021-2050  - Projected changes in summer precipitation in percentages under A1B scenario, multi-model ensemble mean for the time periods 2021-2050 relative to 1961-1990 mean. M ...
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» Global and European temperature  - Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
relevance:

» Floods and health  - River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
relevance:

» Mean precipitation  - Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
relevance:

» Irrigation water requirement  - In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
relevance:

» Glaciers  - The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...
relevance:

» River flow  - Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
relevance:

» River flow drought  - Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
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» Precipitation extremes  - There are no widespread significant trends in either the number of consecutive dry or wet days across Europe. Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more fr ...
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» River floods  - More than 325 major river floods have been reported for Europe since 1980, of which more than 200 have been reported since 2000. The rise in the reported number of flood e ...
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» Snow cover  - Snow cover extent in the Northern Hemisphere has declined significantly over the past 90 years, with most of the reductions occurring since 1980. Snow cover extent has decreased by 7% on ...
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» ALARM project  - Assesing large scale risks for biodiversity with tested methods
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» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
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» ASSIST project  - Alpine Safety, Security And Information Services and Technologies
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» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
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» ForeStClim project  - Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts
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» LAIC project  - Land-atmosphere interactions in China
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» NCoE CRAICC project  - Cryosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate
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» STRADA project  - Adaptation strategies to climate change for natural risk management in the transboundary Italy-Switzerland territory
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» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
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» BRIDGE project  - SustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism
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» Drought monitoring and drought communication systems  - Coping with droughts requires the availability of timely and reliable climate information, as well as an adequate management of droughts requires up ...
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» Awareness campaigns for behavioural change  - This measure encompasses actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change and adaptation. However, not all stakeholders are awa ...
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» Improved water retention in agricultural areas  - Storing water in soil decreases the negative impacts of droughts. Several grey measures are available, and in measures based on the use of technology in ...
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» Water Recycling  - Access to adequate supplies of water is central to a sustainable future and climate change is expected to exacerbate water scarcity problems in several European regions. Recycling of w ...
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» Water sensitive urban and building design  - Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is an emerging urban development paradigm aimed to minimise hydrological impacts of urban development on environment. In p ...
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» Adaptation or improvement of dikes and dams  - Dikes and dams need regular maintenance and strengthening to keep their protection capacities and meet safety requirements. In addition, climate scenarios f ...
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» Adaptation of urban planning: water and energy  - A varied package of soft adaptation measures can be considered for climate proofing of urban planning and design. Concerning building, new standards and ...
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» Financial tools for risk management  - A specific category of economic instruments are risk sharing / alleviating tools. They take the form of catastrophe bonds, insurance, weather derivatives. Catastrop ...
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» Adaptation of drought and water conservation plans  - The purpose of a drought management plan is to reduce risk and therefore economic, social, and environmental drought impacts. Water conservation plan ...
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» Adaptation of Flood Management Plans  - Floods can be from many sources caused by multiple mechanisms including due to heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded ...
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» Allow transgression of sea in wide dune areas, allow wash over of dikes - NL  - In Zeeland, the Netherlands, a new strategy in coastal management of allowing the sea to invade former dune slacks is being ...
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» A transboundary depoldered area for flood protection and nature: Hedwige and Prosper Polders  - The Hedwige-Prosper Polder project is part of the Belgian Sigma Plan: this integrated plan is reinforcing d ...
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» Climate-adapted management of the Körös-Maros National Park  - Körös-Maros National Park, SE-Hungary, was created in 1997 for the protection of birds. Located in the region consisting of the m ...
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» Flexible and adaptive coastal planning and protection approach in Aurich, Lower Saxony  - The rural district of Aurich in Lower Saxony is the northernmost district of Germany, bordering the Netherlands a ...
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» Improved water resource management in areas with acute water shortage - MT  - In Malta, extreme water shortage has led to integrated water resource management being used to improve water supply. With limi ...
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» Infrastructure and economic incentives to reduce vulnerability to drought in Segura and Tagus basins  - The Segura River Basin in the south east of Spain suffers from a structural condition of water scar ...
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» Isar-Plan – Water management plan and restoration of the Isar River, Munich (Germany)  - This case study describes the flood risk management plan and the related restoration of a formerly canalized eight ...
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» Lower Danube Green Corridor: floodplain restoration for flood protection  - In 2000, the governments of Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine and Moldova pledged to work together – with the signing of the Low ...
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» Regional flood management by combining soft and hard engineering solutions, the Norfolk Broadlands  - Situated in East Anglia, Norfolk Broads (Broadland) is one of the finest areas of wetland in Britain. ...
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» Room for the River Regge, Netherlands – restoring dynamics  - The Regge River is a typical rain fed river. Starting in the 19th century the first bends were cut and over the years ...
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» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
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» United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)  - In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively con ...
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» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
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» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major info ...
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» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
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» Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)  - The Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, ISPRA (Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale), was establishe ...
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» PROVIA - Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation  - The Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA) is a global initiati ...
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» Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory  - The Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory (OPCC) has been created under the Pyrenees Working Community (CTP), to monitor and understand climate change in the Pyrenees. ...
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» IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science  - Research Subject Areas: The three research areas of the IHP-HELP Centre are as follows: Water Law, Policy, and Science. Our research areas map those ...
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» UNEP - Climate Change Adaptation  - The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) aims to help developing countries to reduce vulnerabilities and build resilience to the impacts of climate change. UNEP ...
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