Water Management

Water resources are directly impacted by climate change, and the management of these resources affects the vulnerability of ecosystems, socio-economic activities and human health. Water management is also expected to play an increasingly central role in adaptation

Climate change is projected to lead to major changes in water availability across Europe with increasing water scarcity and droughts mainly in Southern Europe and increasing risk of floods throughout most of Europe. 

Indicators

 Global and European temperature Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
 Floods and health River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
 Mean precipitation Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
 Irrigation water requirement In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
 River flow Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
 River flow drought Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
 Glaciers The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...

Resources

 EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
 River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3 The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
 Danube River Basin Climate Adaptation Strategy Agreement among countries of the Danube River Basin on an adaptation strategy to climate change, with main aim to cope with future changes in temperature ...
 Water and Climate Change: Which Adaptation Strategy for the Mediterranean Adapting to climate change in the Mediterranean is a key issue for water management. It has not yet been significantly transla ...
 Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine issues Commission staff working document accompanying the White paper - Adapting to climate change: towards a European framework for action Climate Change ...
 EEA report on Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability This report describes how the natural cycle of water availability is continuously coming under threat from a variety of differen ...
 Addressing the challenge of water scarcity and droughts in the European Union Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council - Addressing the challenge of water scarcity ...

Search results

» EEA report Water resources across Europe — confronting water scarcity and drought  - This report provides an up-to-date assessment of water resources across Europe with the key objectives of: a) describi ...
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» River Floods - Climatecost Technical Policy Briefing Note nr. 3  - The Impacts and Economic Costs of River Floods in the European Union, and the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Summary of Sector Results ...
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» Establishment of an Indicator Concept for the German Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change  - On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the DAS (German Strategy for the Adaptation to Cl ...
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» Impacts of climate change in tourism in Europe. PESETA - Tourism  - This document contains the results of the physical impact assessment for tourism within the context of the PESETA project. Climate chan ...
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» Conceptualizing Urban Adaptation to Climate Change Findings from an Applied Adaptation Assessment Framework  - Urban areas have particular sensitivities to climate change, and therefore adaptation to a w ...
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» Adapting to climate change in the UK - measuring progress  - This is the Adaptation Sub-Commitee's 2nd Progress Report of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It set ...
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» Climate change impacts in Europe. Final report of the PESETA research project  - The PESETA research project integrates a set of high-resolution climate change projections and physical models into an eco ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Emissions Scenarios - Summary for Policymakers  - The long-term nature and uncertainty of climate change and its driving forces require scenarios that extend t ...
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» IPCC IV AR, WG2 - Chapter 3: Freshwater resources and their management  - The chapter on water resources of IPCC Working Group 2's 4th Assessment. The impacts of climate change on freshwater systems and ...
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» Baltadapt Action Plan. Recommended actions and proposed guidelines for climate change adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region  - The overriding goal of the Action Plan (AP) is to promote the implementation o ...
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» Mayors Adapt -The Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change  - In parallel with reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change, the European Union also needs to st ...
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» Adaptation to Climate Change - European Commission  - European Commission ""Climate Action"" portal on ""What is the EU doing on Adaptation to climate change"". The website presents information on the EU p ...
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» European Drought Observatory (EDO)  - JRC's Action DESERT is developing a European Drought Observatory (EDO), a web-based information system, integrating information from various sources and disciplines, ...
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» Adaptation Sector Action Plans (Scotland, UK)  - The Climate Adaptation Portal of Scotland includes the Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework and the 12 related Sector Action Plans. The Sector ...
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» Bavaria  - Regional approach on adaptation plans and strategies for Bavaria This website informs about the principles of Bavarian climate change policy initiatives, including the ""Climate Programm ...
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» European Network for Earth System Modelling (ENES)  - This portal is part of an infrastructure provided by the European Network for Earth System Modeling. It provides information and services for simulat ...
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» Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and GEO-Portal  - The Group on Earth Observations is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. The Global Ea ...
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» KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany  - Portal for Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany (Kompass, Kompetenzzentrum Klimafolgen und Anpassung, in German). The portal provides informa ...
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» UK portal - Adapting to climate change  - Web portal of Defra (the UK government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs) leading on domestic adaptati ...
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» UNFCCC Database of Private Sector Initiative on Adaptation  - This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the United Nations Framework Conventi ...
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» RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE  - In the context of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) Common Implementation Strategy, an activity on Climate Change and Water was initiated in 2007 to pr ...
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» The Nottingham Declaration Action Plan  - The Nottingham Declaration acknowledges the increasing impact that climate change will have on our community during the 21st century and commits to tackling the ...
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» AdaptME toolkit - Adaptation Monitoring & Evaluation  - This toolkit responds to a growing demand for practical support in evaluating adaptation progress and performance. The AdaptME toolkit aims to user ...
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» Climate Change Information for Effective Adaptation - A Practitioner‘s Manual  - This guidance document highlights ways to gather and interpret the relevant information for decision makers, in particular ...
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» Costing the impacts of climate change in the UK. Overview of guidelines  - This report is designed to give non-economists a sound appreciation of guidelines for costing climate impacts and adaptation. It ...
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» Guidebook urban climate  - The objective of this guidebook is to support cities to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. It provides comprehensive information on the situation in the German ...
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» Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change  - Developed by UNDP on behalf of the Global Environment Facility, Adaptation Policy Frameworks (APF) for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies a ...
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» Changing Climate, Changing Communites: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation  - With support from Natural Resources Canada, ICLEI developed this resource to provide guidance for municipal g ...
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» Making Adaptation Count, Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation  - This report aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framewor ...
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» NordRegio, ‘Climate Change Emergencies and European Municipalities: Guidelines for Adaptation and Response’  - This Guidelines booklet is designed for “hands-on use”. They are intended to sti ...
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» Adaptation Compass  - The Future Cities Adaptation Compass is a guidance tool for developing climate-proof city regions. In a city, almost all departments are facing the impacts of climate change. They m ...
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» mDSS (Mulino Decision Support System)  - The mDSS software is a generic Decision Support System (DSS) developed to assist decision makers in the management of environmental problems. It can help users to ...
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» Climate Change Adaptation Navigator  - This web-based application is designed to assist local and state governments as well as regional organisations in the process of adapting to the impacts of climate ...
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» Capacity building for sustainable water resources management  - Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in sustainable water management. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous int ...
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» Climatic Planning and Reviewing Tools for regions and local authorities  - EnercitEE (http://enercitee.eu/#&panel1-1) will contribute to the improvement of local and regional policies and provide ass ...
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» ClimWatAdapt Integrated Assesment Framework  - The ClimWatAdapt project has developed an Integrated Assessment Framework for assessing vulnerability to climate change and for assessing appropriate adapta ...
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» PLUREL XPLORER - the information platform for rural-urban land use relationships  - PLUREL Xplorer, a web-based information platform that condensates and configures the knowledge and various products of ...
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» The Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response: Capacity Development Package  - The online tool Integrated Management for Local Climate Change Response consists of guidance papers, training ...
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» BalticClimate Toolkit  - The BalticClimate toolkit is an empowering knowledge transfer instrument for actors on the local and regional level who are not necessarily the experts on climate change, but who ...
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» Climate Change Outreach and Communication Guide  - The Outreach and Communications Guide is a tool to help local governments effectively communicate climate information to their constituencies. The Guide ...
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» Vulnerability and risk for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project)  - In this project vulnerability and risk maps have been created for the water sector (ClimWatAdapt project): - Annual average water ...
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» Annual average water stress (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, EcF)  - Annual average water stress indicator WEI on river basin level for 2050, SCENES scenario Economy First (EcF). A water stress indica ...
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» Change in winter water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average winter water availability between 2071– ...
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» Change in autumn water availability by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in average autumn water availability between 2071– ...
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» Climate variables - projected changes (ESPON Climate Change project)  - The ESPON Climate project performed a pan-European vulnerability assessment as a basis for identifying regional typologies of cli ...
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» Drought hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for A2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 20-year minimum flow return level between 2071–2100 and the r ...
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» Flood hazard change by 2071-2100 relative to 1961-1990 in view of climate change for B2 scenario  - Map shows the projected change (in %) in 100-year flood return level between 2071–2100 and the reference ...
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» Maintainance of environmental minimum flows, summer (ClimWatAdapt project, 2050, SUE)  - Maintenance of the environmental minimum water requirements (environmental flows) for 2050, SCENES scenario Sust ...
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» Change in annual mean precipitation in summer months  - Relative change in annual mean precipitation in meteorological summer months (June - August). Climatic changes derived from a comparison of 1961 ...
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» Summer Precipitation Change 2021-2050  - Projected changes in summer precipitation in percentages under A1B scenario, multi-model ensemble mean for the time periods 2021-2050 relative to 1961-1990 mean. M ...
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» Global and European temperature  - Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C ...
relevance:

» Floods and health  - River and coastal flooding affect millions of people in Europe each year. They affect human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, psychosocial consequen ...
relevance:

» Mean precipitation  - Precipitation trends since 1960 show an increase by up to 70 mm per decade in north-eastern and north-western Europe, in particular in winter, and a decrease by up to 90 mm ...
relevance:

» Irrigation water requirement  - In the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, an increase in the volume of water required for irrigation from 1975 to 2010 has been estimated, whereas parts of south-eastern E ...
relevance:

» River flow  - Long-term trends in river flows due to climate change are difficult to detect due to substantial inter annual and decadal variability as well as modifications to natural water flows a ...
relevance:

» River flow drought  - Europe has been affected by several major droughts in recent decades, such as the catastrophic drought associated with the 2003 summer heat wave in central parts of the contin ...
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» Glaciers  - The vast majority of glaciers in the European glacial regions are in retreat. Glaciers in the European Alps have lost approximately two thirds of their volume since 1850, with clear accele ...
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» Precipitation extremes  - There are no widespread significant trends in either the number of consecutive dry or wet days across Europe. Heavy precipitation events are likely to become more fr ...
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» River floods  - More than 325 major river floods have been reported for Europe since 1980, of which more than 200 have been reported since 2000. The rise in the reported number of flood e ...
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» Snow cover  - Snow cover extent in the Northern Hemisphere has declined significantly over the past 90 years, with most of the reductions occurring since 1980. Snow cover extent has decreased by 7% on ...
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» ALARM project  - Assesing large scale risks for biodiversity with tested methods
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» CIRCLE(2) project  - Climate Impact Research & Respond Coordination for a Larger Europe
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» ASSIST project  - Alpine Safety, Security And Information Services and Technologies
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» BaltCICA project  - Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and Adaptation in the Baltic Sea Region
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» BaltSeaPlan project  - BaltSeaPlan
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» ForeStClim project  - Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts
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» LAIC project  - Land-atmosphere interactions in China
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» NCoE CRAICC project  - Cryosphere-Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate
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» STRADA project  - Adaptation strategies to climate change for natural risk management in the transboundary Italy-Switzerland territory
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» AMBER project  - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
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» Drought monitoring and drought communication systems  - Coping with droughts requires the availability of timely and reliable climate information, as well as an adequate management of droughts requires up ...
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» Integrated land use and water management  - Land use planing can be used to cope with droughts, water scarcity and flooding as it can significantly affect the water cycle of a region. Land use influences ...
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» Improve water retention in rural areas  - Storing water in soil decreases the negative impacts of droughts. E.g. no-tillage and cropping systems can reduce water runoff. Runoff, depending on soil chara ...
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» Awareness campaigns about potential impacts and behavioural change  - This measure encompasses actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change and adaptation. Awareness c ...
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» Green spaces and corridors in urban areas  - Recent studies have highlighted the importance of boosting green urban areas and connecting fragments of green space with ecological corridors to improve biod ...
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» Adaptation of dredging practice  - The measure focuses on the adaptation of dredging practices to changes in water depth, navigability, erosion and siltation in rivers. Dredging methods or disposal option ...
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» Adapting existing dykes and dams  - The design of existing dykes and dams can be modified to fulfil different purposes. Re-enforcing dykes and dams can increase their stability and resistance against dyke ...
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» Adapting the design factor for flood protection  - Floods can be caused by heavy rainfall or meltwater, when the infiltration capacity of the soil is exceeded. In some parts of Europe an increase of peak ...
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» Climate proofing flood prone areas  - Climate proofing is the continuous process of reducing the impacts of climate change by taking robust, resilient and flexible measures to proactively adapt to the pro ...
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» Compartmentalization  - One of the options to reduce flood risk, other than strengthening the primary water defence structures, is to compartmentalize the to be protected region in zones, for example b ...
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» Allow transgression of sea in wide dune areas, allow wash over of dikes - NL  - In Zeeland, the Netherlands, a new strategy in coastal management of allowing the sea to invade former dune slacks is being ...
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» Climate-adapted management of the Körös-Maros National Park  - Körös-Maros National Park, SE-Hungary, was created in 1997 for the protection of birds. Located in the region consisting of the m ...
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» Improved water resource management in areas with acute water shortage - MT  - In Malta, extreme water shortage has led to integrated water resource management being used to improve water supply. With limi ...
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» Infrastructure and economic incentives to reduce vulnerability to drought in Segura and Tagus basins  - The Segura River Basin in the south east of Spain suffers from a structural condition of water scar ...
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» Lower Danube Green Corridor: floodplain restoration for flood protection  - In 2000, the governments of Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine and Moldova pledged to work together – with the signing of the Low ...
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» Room for the River Regge, Netherlands – restoring dynamics  - The Regge River is a typical rain fed river. Starting in the 19th century the first bends were cut and over the years ...
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» Room for the River Waal – protecting the city of Nijmegen  - The river Waal bends sharply and narrows near Nijmegen, the Netherlands. That the river may flood at high water as a result became clearly evi ...
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» Temporary flood water storage in agricultural areas in the Middle Tisza River Basin - Hungary  - The increasing exposure to floods is a consequence of the river regulation and land reclamation works that ...
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» The refurbishment of Gomeznarro Park in Madrid focused on storm water retention  - As a result of its topography and impermeable ground surface, the Gomeznarro Park in Madrid was affected by erosion duri ...
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» Urban storm water management in Augustenborg, Malmö   - The neighbourhood of Augustenborg, during the 1980s and 1990s an area of social and economic decline, was frequently flooded by an overflowing drai ...
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» European Environment Agency (EEA)  - The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. Its task is to provide sound, independent information on the environment. It is a major infor ...
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» European Commission’s Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)  - The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the ...
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» World Meteorological Organization (WMO)  - The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour o ...
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» Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by UNEP and WMO to assess the most up-to-date scientific and technical research in ...
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» International Water Association (IWA)  - The International Water Association (IWA) is a global reference point for water professionals, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering al ...
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» United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)  - In 1992 countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to cooperatively con ...
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» European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment  - The Directorate-General for the Environment is one of the more than 40 Directorates-General and services that make up the European Commission ...
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» CMCC  - The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC) is operated by a Research Consortium consisting of different Italian public and private research Institutions and led by the Istituto Nazio ...
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» Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)  - The Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, ISPRA (Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale), was establishe ...
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» ONERC (Observatoire National sur les Effets du Réchauffement Climatique)  - The Observatoire national sur les effets du réchauffement climatique (ONERC) is a French organisation that was created by law on ...
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