City Profiles

Lisbon - Portugal

Climate change impacts

Water scarcity is not a major problem as a result of significant investments made by water providers. However, resilience concerns indicate the importance of an improved urban water cycle management.
Extreme temperatures in Lisbon are of increasing concern in terms of public health and energy demand. Thus, the urban heat island effect should be controlled. To tackle this, important investments are being made in the area of green infrastructure.

Main motivation for taking adaptation action

Climate adaptation is now a very real concern for Lisbon. The city's biggest adaptation-related goals include the combination of energy and water issues, disaster risk reduction goals, improvement in public health, the creation of a biodiversity action plan, and the development of green infrastructure.

Adaptation strategy

Have you already developed an adaptation strategy?
No, Mayors Adapt is the first example of my city considering adaptation and we will develop an adaptation strategy
Name of the strategy/ plan (If adopted)
Weblinks to relevant plans/ studies
Summary of the strategy/plan
Lisbon is ending the "climadaPT.local" project, part of which involves the creation of the first thorough, strategic document to address climate adaptation issues in planning and management. This adaptation plan for Lisbon is currently under development.
Additional information on adaptation responses
In 2010, a comprehensive Forest Management Plan was published for the Monsanto Park in the greater Lisbon area. The Plan includes things like background information; a description of its biological and physical properties and inhabitants; the relevant legal procedures; the available resources; and operational programs. Lisbon has also published a number of other documents and maps that detail the public utilities for forest management, the fire fighting tracks within the park, and a forest fire risk assessment. In 2012, the new Master Plan was approved including a program to increase the amount of green infrastructure in the city by 20%. In late 2015 a Drainage Master Plan was approved to the period 2016-2030, including an investment of 170 million Euros in flood protection. Lastly, a Biodiversity Action Plan was approved in March 2016 that includes goals for 2020.

Planned adaptation actions

Despite the climate adaptation plan not being finalised yet, Lisbon is currently undertaking several adaptation responses: 1) Master Plan implementation, with the construction of 9 green corridors for increasing green infrastructure in the city, with aprox. 85 hectares of new green areas planned to open until 2017, meaning a 20% increase in the amount of green infrastructure in the city; 2) drainage action plan for flood control(studies are running for divert tunnels and 2 major, open water basins in project/implementation for parks is underway). Water design solutions in several green areas, included in water cycle regulation measures; 3) biodiverse meadows implemented as alternative to lawns in several areas for water saving and CO2 / NO2 caption in soil; 4) massive tree planting in several roads and parks for extreme temperatures mitigation; 5) water recycling projects underway to facilitate irrigation in green areas;

Good practice / spotlight item

Central Green Corridor
Since 2012, the Central Green Corridor has connected the central main park of Park Eduardo VII with the main Forest Park that has more than 1000 hectares. The planning for the corridor began 30 years ago by Professor and Landscape Architect Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles. The Corridor is a continuous natural structure, which consists of a coordinated set of green spaces that contribute to bringing the countryside into the city. This link between Eduardo VII Park and the 1000 hectares of the Forest Park is approximately 2.5 km long and encompasses a total area of 51 hectares. Today, it is possible to walk or cycle the entire length of the Corridor, which constitutes a fundamental part of the city's ecological network. The majority of the tree plantings were supported by NGOs and the local community, including municipal employees. Fruit trees, native species of shrubs, urban gardens, a crop field, as well as biodiverse and extensive meadows constitute several important structures used throughout the corridor. 
What sectors are concerned
  • Urban
  • Biodiversity
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Energy
  • Water management
  • Health
General plan of the Central Green Corridor

Climate change impacts

  • Extreme Temperatures
  • Flooding

Key vulnerable sectors

  • Health
  • Energy
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Water Management
  • Urban


Fernando MEDINA


524282 inhabitants

Contact person

Duarte d´Araújo Mata
Adviser at Green Structure and Energy Councilman´s Office


Mayors Adapt signatory

Date of officially joining Mayors Adapt

Jul 23, 2014

Covenant of Mayors 2020 signatory

Covenant of Mayors 2030 signatory

Last Update

Oct 19, 2016

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