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Preparing the ground for adaptation Assessing risks and vulnerabilities to climate change Identifying adaptation options Assessing adaptation options Implementation Monitoring and evaluation

Assessing risks and vulnerabilities to climate change

2.7 Whom can I approach for further information, data, and analysis assistance?

Adaptation policy development should be based on evidence and robust information. When starting to plan for adaptation, a collection of relevant information should be undertaken. This includes identifying existing work on actual and potential future climate change-related effects, ongoing adaptation activities and good practice examples within or outside the city. To do so there is a need to team up with experts to fill in knowledge gaps or missing capacities. 


When starting the process of climate change adaptation planning, a first screening of existing works should be performed. This search usually provides you with those institutions that are already working on the topic you are interested in. Often local universities, meteorological institutes or consultants are a good first source of information.

The table below provides an indication of the types of information needed to take decisions on adaptation at the local level. The final range of information to be obtained will depend on the aims, coverage and level of detail, as well as the chosen methodologies for adaptation planning.


Information source

Weather forecasts

Observed trends

Climate projections

Daily and seasonal weather forecasts

Extreme events monitoring (heat waves, cyclones, storms, floods)

Modelling results of global circulation models

Modelling results of regional climate and impact models

Local knowledge

Environmental assessments and natural hazards

Environment agencies

Resource management authorities

Vulnerability and adaptive capacity assessments

Vulnerability databases, maps and indices

Health records

Census information

Employment data, etc.,

Socio-economic analyses

Population projections

Regional economic forecasts

Scenarios of political developments, consumption patterns, infrastructure development, market transformation, etc.

Other relevant strategies, policies and plans

Existing flood, storm, heat wave, drought, or other hazard plans.

Strategies for:

  • Sustainable/Economic development
  • Spatial planning
  • Water and resources management
  • Environmental protection


If available in your country, data related to climate change is often centrally collected within the national climate portals and/or statistical offices. Another option is to contact organisations and institutions listed in Q0.6.

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