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Impacts of extreme hydro-meteorological events on electricity generation and possible adaptation measures. A GIS based approach for corporate risk management and enhanced climate mitigation concepts in Germany (2012)

Description

This thesis presents an identification of hydrometeorological extreme events in Germany and their effects on electricity generating units, i.e. on conventional thermal and nuclear power plants as well as on installations of the renewable energies of hydropower, wind energy and photovoltaic installations. In addition, adaptation measures and strategies are named that help power plant operators to prepare for a changing climate. Due to the different requirements of large facility operators and local planners and owners of renewable energies, the work contains the two approaches of corporate risk management and climate mitigation concepts. A changing climate not only consists of a shift in mean values of weather parameters such as global and regional air temperature and precipitation, but may also result in more frequent and more severe single events such as extreme precipitation, tornadoes and thunderstorms.

In two case studies, these findings are implemented into an adjusted general risk management structure. This is enhanced by the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to accomplish a localisation of events and infrastructure. The first example gives insight into the consequences of ice throw from wind turbines and how climate mitigation concepts can act as a framework for an adapted, sustainable energy planning. The second example on the other hand highlights a GIS-based flood risk management for thermal power plants and the benefits of an adjusted corporate risk management cycle.

The described approach leads to an integrated management of extreme hydrometeorological events at power plant site respectively district level by combining two cycles of site-related and local planning in addition to GIS-based analyses. This is demonstrated as an example by the comparison of two districts in Germany. The practical outcome is a comprehensive support for decision-making processes.

Reference information

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report

Keywords

GIS, facility, hydropower, operator, wind turbines

Climate impacts

Droughts, Extreme Temperatures, Flooding, Storms, Water Scarcity

Elements

Sectors

Energy

Geographic characterisation

Europe

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