City Profiles

Ghent - Belgium

Climate change impacts

Expected rise of up to 9°C by 2100. Precipitation: Extremes will become heavier and more frequent. What happens now every 100 years will happen every 10 years by 2100. More rain in winter is expected. Droughts: Summer will become drier.

Adaptation strategy

Have you already developed an adaptation strategy?
Yes, we have an adaptation strategy
Name of the strategy/ plan (If adopted)
Heat study for Ghent
Date of strategy/plan approval
Jun 20, 2013
Weblink of the strategy/ plan
Summary of the strategy/plan
A heat study was conducted by the Flemish Institute for Technological Research and the University of Ghent to map the urban heat island effect in Ghent. Measurements and modelling revealed that the densely populated and built-up inner city is on average 3°C, and on hot days up to 8 °C warmer than the more rural surrounding area. Higher temperatures increase heat stress, which affects the health of young children and elderly people.

Good practice / spotlight item

Greening roofs throughout Ghent
Ghent's adaptation policy includes aspects such as knowledge building, no-regret measures, integration of adaptation in policy planning, instruments, projects, and communication. One example of adaptation is the installation of green roofs, which have a number of positive effects on the urban environment and are being increasingly used throughout the city. Since 2013 the local building code requires green roofs for all new flat roofs that are not used for the collection and reuse of rainwater. Also, a subsidisation programme for citizens, companies, and social housing organisations has been in effect, which financed more than 37,000m2 of green roofs over the past 10 years in Ghent. More information about Ghent's adaptation policy can be found here.
The green roof on Ghent's city library.

Climate change impacts

  • Droughts
  • Extreme Temperatures
  • Flooding
  • Sea Level Rise
  • Storms
  • Water Scarcity

Key vulnerable sectors

  • Urban
  • Buildings
  • Biodiversity
  • Energy
  • Health
  • Transport


Daniel Termont


250000 inhabitants

Contact person

Maaike Breugelmans
Policy Worker, Climate Adaptation


Mayors Adapt signatory

Date of officially joining Mayors Adapt

Sep 22, 2014

Last Update

Sep 26, 2016

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