City Profiles

Madrid - Spain

Climate change impacts

Reduced average annual rainfall: A reduction in the average annual rainfall could reach 100 mm by the year 2050 - Increase in average monthly daily minimun temperatures: Expected an increase of 2,5-3º by the year 2050 - Increase in average monthly daily maximun temperatures: expected an increase of 3,5-4º by the year 2050.

Main motivation for taking adaptation action

Madrid is taking adaptation action in an effort to attain greater adaptability to an environment with increasing uncertainties.

Adaptation strategy

Have you already developed an adaptation strategy?
Yes, we have an adaptation strategy
Name of the strategy/ plan (If adopted)
City of Madrid Energy and Climate Change Plan
Date of strategy/plan approval
May 08, 2014
Summary of the strategy/plan
The Plan is a tool to guide the city towards the efficient use of energy and a low carbon economy as a means to combat climate change and contribute to the economic, social, and territorial cohesion of the Madrid area. To achieve these objectives, the Plan includes 33 measures and 85 actions, collected in 10 lines of work. An essential component of this plan is adaptation, which is divided into 4 major work areas, including: water resources management, green spaces and carbon sinks, heat waves and human health, and adaptation in construction and equipment.

Planned adaptation actions

The city has completed large-scale adaptation-related work projects (in the areas of the water reuse network, large parks and forests, water storage and source diversification, for example). Now the city is initiating a nature-based urban acupuncture innovation programme that will identify and enable the implementation of new solutions that optimise the functionality of completed projects. In addition to this, an assessment of Madrid's vulnerability to climate change has recently been published and a further study on the urban climate on heat wave periods has been commissioned.

Good practice / spotlight item

Madrid Río Project: a large-scale green space reclamation plan
In June 2008, the Department of Urban Planning of the Madrid City Council launched a plan to reclaim the Manzanares River, restoring the surrounding natural habitat for residents to enjoy. Entitled the Madrid Río Project, the plan became possible as part of the Calle 30 Project, initiated in September 2004, in which the M30 multilane highway was redirected underground. As a result, the river and its banks could be converted into parks and a promenade, providing river access to residents who previously were separated from the river by the highway. The project has also allowed the creation of an ecological cooling corridor, with a total surface area of more than 2,961 hectares. More information can be found here.
What sectors are concerned
  • Water management
  • Agriculture and Forest
  • Biodiversity
Before and after the Madrid Rio Project was completed.

Climate change impacts

  • Extreme Temperatures
  • Droughts
  • Water Scarcity
  • Storms

Key vulnerable sectors

  • Water Management
  • Buildings
  • Biodiversity
  • Health
  • Energy


Manuela Carmena Castrillo


3141991 inhabitants

Contact person

Juan Azcarate Luxan
Assistant Director General of Energy and Climate Change


Mayors Adapt signatory

Date of officially joining Mayors Adapt

Jul 30, 2014

Last Update

Oct 18, 2016

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