You are here: Home / Knowledge / Tools / Urban adaptation support tool / Urban AST step 1-3
Preparing the ground for adaptation Assessing risks and vulnerabilities to climate change Identifying adaptation options Assessing adaptation options Implementation Monitoring and evaluation

Preparing the ground for adaptation

1.3 What human, technical and financial resources are required for adaptation planning and management?

One of the first questions that adaption action initiators in a city face is the level of human, technical and financial resources needed for adaptation. A clear understanding of these requirements is important for securing high-level support from decision-makers, as well as for reasonable and sufficient inquiries for budget allocations.


Each adaptation process is unique and various management and institutional set-up arrangements are possible, each having different requirements for resources.

In terms of human resources, the choices range from low-cos,t one-person lead coordination of existing sectoral activities to setting up a dedicated adaptation unit that oversees and coordinates processes involving in-depth risk assessments, stakeholder involvement and participation, as well as detailed adaptation action planning, implementation, and monitoring.

Similarly, the required financial resources will depend on the chosen approach to adaptation management. The choice should be guided by the level of exposure and vulnerability of the urban area to climate change risks, the size of its population and assets under threat, the range of sensitive sectors, and the existing institutional set-up.

Different ways of reducing resource needs can be considered:

  • Building upon activities that are already taking place and are relevant for adaptation;
  • Participating in support networks and initiatives, such as Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy; (See Q0.5 Where can I find support for adaptation planning in the form of advice and capacity building?)
  • Accessing various sources of funding; (See Q1.4)
  • Cooperating with private sector;
  • Collaborating with universities and research projects;
  • Aligning with other processes such as implementing a sustainability strategy.

Exchange of experiences and case studies from other urban areas that have started an adaptation process can be helpful in understanding the resource needs. Please refer to Q3.2 to find relevant case studies.   

EU General information

Relevant tile

International information for cities

Relevant tile

Document Actions