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Joint HELCOM/Baltic Earth Expert Network on Climate Change

EN-CLIME, a joint expert network by HELCOM and Baltic Earth, functions as a coordinating framework and a platform to harness the expertise of leading scientists on both direct and indirect effects of climate change on the Baltic Sea environment, and to make this expertise available to, and open up for closer dialogue with, policy makers. The EN CLIME consists of representatives of HELCOM and Baltic Earth in the form of topic experts

Baltic Sea Climate Change Fact Sheet 2021

Jointly developed by Baltic Earth and HELCOM, this publication provides a summary for policy makers of the latest scientific knowledge on how climate change is currently affecting the Baltic Sea and how it is expected to develop in the foreseeable future. The fact sheet is meant to help policy makers to include climate change considerations in their work and decisions

Evaluating the Impact of Nature-based Solutions

This Handbook aims to provide decision-makers with a comprehensive NBS impact assessment framework, and a robust set of indicators and methodologies to assess impacts of nature-based solutions across 12 societal challenge areas: Climate Resilience; Water Management; Natural and Climate Hazards; Green Space Management; Biodiversity; Air Quality; Place Regeneration; Knowledge and Social Capacity   Building for Sustainable Urban Transformation; Participatory Planning and Governance; Social Justice and Social Cohesion; Health and Well-being; New Economic Opportunities and Green Jobs. The handbook is designed to be relevant for NBS implemented across a wide geographic area and at a multitude of scales

Permafrost thaw and the changing arctic coast: science for socio-economic adaptation

Most human activity in the Arctic takes place along permafrost coasts, making them a key interface. They have become one of the most dynamic ecosystems on Earth because permafrost thaw is now exposing these coasts to rapid change: change that threatens the rich biodiversity, puts pressure on communities that live there and contributes to the vulnerability of the global climate system

CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs

COACCH (CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs) is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and carried out by a   consortium of 14 European organisations . The final objective of COACCH is to produce an improved downscaled assessment of the risks and costs of climate change in Europe that can be accessed directly for the different needs of end users from the research, business, investment, and the policy making community

Climate forecast enabled knowledge services

The aim of CLARA innovation action is to develop a set of leading edge climate services building upon the newly developed Copernicus Climate Change Services near term forecasts and sectorial information systems (SIS) and sustain their marketability and value. OBJECTIVES facilitate development of new and enhancement of existing climate services by drawing upon the recent seasonal to decadal projections and projections developed under the Copernicus Climate Change Services (C3S); analyse and demonstrate the economic and social value unleashed by climate forecast enabled climate services and corroborate the ensuing direct and indirect benefits various end users and customers obtain from them in terms of reduced risk, more efficient resource management, and improved resilience to climate variability and change; engage service developers, purveyors and end-users in mutually beneficial collaboration and partnerships for service co-design, co-development, co-assessment and co-delivery; contribute to advancing the European innovation, competitiveness and market performance for climate services, by designing and implementing innovative exploitation, business and market-oriented activities

Improving the Smart Control of Air Pollution in Europe

The iSCAPE project aims to integrate and advance the control of air quality and carbon emissions in European cities in the context of climate change through the development of sustainable and passive air pollution remediation strategies, policy interventions and behavioral change initiatives. The project addressed the problem of reducing air pollution at target receptors with an innovative SME-led approach, focusing on the use of 'passive control systems' in urban spaces

Citizen Led Air pollution Reduction in Cities

CLAiR-City has categorised emissions and concentrations of air pollution, carbon footprints and health outcomes according to citizens' behaviour and daily activities in order to make these challenges relevant to how people choose to live, behave and interact in their urban environment. Through an innovative engagement and quantification toolkit, the public involvement required to enable citizens to define a set of future city scenarios to reduce their emissions was stimulated to support and inform the development of tailored city policy packages up to 2050

Integrated Climate forcing and Air pollution Reduction in Urban Systems

ICARUS (Integrated Climate forcing and Air pollution Reduction in Urban Systems) was a European research and innovation project active from May 2016 to October 2020. The project applied integrated tools and strategies for urban impact assessment in support of air quality and climate change governance in EU Member States leading to the design and implementation of appropriate abatement strategies to improve the air quality and reduce the carbon footprint in European cities

Arctic Impact on Weather and Climate

As the number of warm days and nights continues to increase across Europe, so does the intensity, frequency and length of heat waves. Heat waves have caused many more fatalities in Europe in recent decades than any other extreme weather event, according to the European Environment Agency

Evaluation of Information Systems Relevant to Climate Change and Health - Vol. 1 and Vol. 2

Climate change is a continuing, long-term alteration of weather patterns with more frequent and/or more severe extreme weather events which affect human health with heatwaves, increased exposure to ultraviolet radiation, high airborne pollen counts and ground-level ozone. Climate change affects human health through more frequent and/or more severe extreme weather events and increasing climate variability

Climate Change and Health: Adapting to Mental, Physical and Societal Challenges

The research consortium CHAMPS studies the potential impacts of climate change on health, with a focus on three interrelated topics: The first relates to mental health impacts associated with seasonal fluctuationsin the intensity of daylight and modifying weather effects such as cloudiness andsnow cover. The second concerns health impacts of thermal stress, both heat and cold,and the influence of social vulnerability and exposure of the population on the severity of impacts

OPINION of the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety

Climate change, defined as a change in the state of the climate that persists for an extended period , is part of “global change”. Sometimes referred to as “global environmental change”, this was defined by the Working Group in charge of the expert appraisal as all major worldwide environmental and societal changes caused by human activities as well as natural factors

Climate change and its impact on lung health: a focus on Europe

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has warned that climate change poses potentially the greatest threat to global health in the 21st century. Extreme temperatures, increased pollen and extreme weather events are climate impacts that will affect respiratory health

Floods and health

River and coastal flooding have affected many millions of people in Europe since 2000. Flooding affects human health through drowning, heart attacks, injuries, infections, exposure to chemical hazards and mental health consequences

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