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2014 Annual Global Climate and Catastrophe Report

This report evaluates the impact of the natural disaster events that occurred worldwide during 2014. It reveals that 258 separate global natural disasters occurred in 2014, compared to a ten-year average of 260 events, causing a combined total insured loss of USD39 billion – 38 percent below the ten-year average of USD63 billion, and the lowest annual insured loss total since 2009

Floating and amphibious housing

Floating and amphibious houses are built to be situated in a water body and are designed to adapt to rising and falling water levels due to river floods and storm surges. Floating houses are permanently in the water, while amphibious houses are situated above the water and are designed to float when water levels rise

Cliff strengthening and stabilisation

Coastal cliffs can be differentiated according to their morphology and structure: cliffs can be loose – sand, silt, clay, marl and chalk – or hard, made of limestone, sandstone, granite and other rocks. Loose cliffs are more prone to erosion and landslide than rocky cliffs, which  are more characterised by rock or block fall

Beach and shoreface nourishment

Beach nourishment or replenishment is the artificial placement of sand on an eroded shore to maintain the amount of sand present in the foundation of the coast, and this way to compensate for natural erosion and to a greater or lesser extent protect the area against storm surge. Nourishment may also use gravel and small pebbles, in particular for the shoreface (the nearshore area within the low water mark and the limit where fair weather waves interact with the seabed)

Restoration and management of coastal wetlands

Coastal wetlands (tidal marshes, or salt-marshes ) are saltwater and brackish water wetlands located in coastal areas . Coastal wetlands also include areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres ( Ramsar Convention )

Improved water retention capacity in the agricultural landscape

Droughts impact water resources and agriculture production, cause soil erosion, reduce carbon sequestration and contribute to land degradation. Southern Europe is expected to be especially vulnerable, with higher risks of reduced water supply and increased demands for irrigation


The EU Commission defined agroforestry as land use systems in which trees are grown in combination with agriculture on the same land. In agroforestry, woody perennials are deliberately integrated with crops and/or animals on the same parcel or land management unit, without the intention to establish a remaining forest stand

4 Key Enabling Technologies 4 resuse

The main objectives of 4KET4Reuse project are the validation of four Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) for the elimination of emerging contaminants (CEs) in treatment plant effluents and their promotion in the SUDOE space market, breaking the barriers between the research and the water sector, and promoting job creation. The three participating regions and the technologies they provide are: Andalusia (Spain), with modified clay filtration systems (nanomaterials) and bioelectrogenic systems

Action Plan: Financing Sustainable Growth

The Action Plan on sustainable finance is part of the Capital Markets Union's (CMU) efforts to connect finance with the specific needs of the European economy to the benefit of the planet and our society. It is also one of the key steps towards implementing the historic Paris Agreement and the EU's agenda for sustainable development

Usability Guide: EU Green Bond Standard

The EU Green Bond Standard (EU GBS) Usability Guide offers recommendations from the Technical Expert Group (TEG), with its views on the practical application of the EU Green Bond Standard. This guide aims to support potential issuers, verifiers and investors of EU Green Bonds

Analysis of early IMPACT2C climate modelling results

This policy brief provides a summary of the initial findings of the project, reporting key lessons from the climate modelling analysis. An analysis of climate model projections in the IMPACT2C project, looking at the A1B Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) scenario (a medium-high scenario with no mitigation) indicates that the 2°C goal could be exceeded in the next 30 years, just after 2040

Climate Crisis and Health: Education of health professionals for Transformative Action, Germany

The health sector plays a central role in communicating, preventing and following up on the effects of the climate and environmental crisis. Therefore, the inclusion of the topic of climate crisis and health in education, training for students and trainees and continuing education (continuous professional development, CPD) for all health professions must be ensured as a fundamental educational background in universities and educational institutions

United Nations Disaster Risk Reduction

UNDRR (formerly UNISDR) is the United Nations focal point for Disaster Risk Reduction. UNDRR oversees the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, supporting countries in its implementation, monitoring and sharing what works in reducing existing risk and preventing the creation of new risk

Projection of Economic impacts of climate change in Sectors of the European Union based on boTtom-up Analysis

The series of PESETA projects (PESETA I, PESETA II, PESETA III and PESETA IV) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) has intended to better understand the possible biophysical and economic consequences of future climate change for Europe. The main motivation of launching the series of climate impact assessments has been to better understand how climate change can affect Europe, in order to derive useful insights for climate adaptation

Impacts of Climate Change on Water Management. Stocktaking, scope for action and strategic fields of action

In December 2020, the German Working Group on Water Issues of the Federal States and the Federal Government (LAWA) prepared a comprehensive report on the concerns, potential responses and strategic fields of action in water resources management, updating the previous work released in 2017. The application-oriented report briefly describes how changes in climate elements (temperature, precipitation, wind, etc

Improve the functional connectivity of ecological networks

Ecosystems and biodiversity have long been endangered by numerous factors, such as habitat modification due to changes in land use, habitat loss due to various human activities, habitat fragmentation for example due to traffic routes, etc. Climate change is an essential factor adding additional pressure on habitats and biodiversity

STRENgthening resilience of Cultural Heritage at risk in a changing environment through proactive transnational cooperation

Natural and man-made hazards, anthropogenic effects and extreme climate change events are persistently putting natural and cultural heritage under pressure, with an increasing frequency over time. In addition, such disasters and catastrophes impose new and continuously changing conservation challenges, create urgent needs for innovative preservation and safeguarding approaches, particularly during extreme climate conditions

WHO Health and Climate Change Country Profiles

The Health and Climate Change Country Profile Project forms the foundation of WHO’s monitoring of national and global progress on health and climate change. The Health and Climate Change Country Profiles, developed in collaboration with national health services, are data-driven snapshots of the climate hazards and the expected health impacts of climate change countries are facing

Building fire resilience using recycled water in Riba-Roja de Túria, Spain

Riba-Roja de Túria is a municipality located in the National Park of Túria in Valencia (Spain) which represents one of the last remaining forestry lungs in its metropolitan area. The Túria Park also represents a clear example of the scarce and valuable Mediterranean riparian forests associated with the River Túria

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