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Natural Hazard Risk Governance

To actively contribute to current discussions on the ecological, economic and social development of the Alps, the Alpine Convention periodically publishes a Report on the State of the Alps (RSA). For the 7th report, the Natural Hazards Platform of the Alpine Convention (PLANALP) has prepared a status quo analysis to examine current changes in the way society handles natural hazards, along with recommendations for enhancing risk governance.

Nature-based Solutions - State of the Art in EU-funded Projects

This document summarises outcomes from the EC individual expert reports delivered through its ‘ Valorisation of NBS Projects’ initiative . EU research and innovation projects were scanned for results pertaining to key areas such as biodiversity, climate change mitigation and adaptation (including flooding), water quality, air quality and microclimate, sustainable communities, innovative governance and business models, and market challenges and solutions

Climate Adaptation Platform for the Alps (CAPA)

The Climate Adaptation Platform for the Alps: supports decision-makers in Alpine countries, regions and municipalities in adapting to climate change; gives access to knowledge resources and information that have been selected by experts based on relevance and usefulness criteria offers knowledge products for a broad spectrum of administrative and socio-economic sectors (agriculture, energy, health, water management, spatial planning, etc.) puts strong emphasis on cross-sectorial aspects of adaptation The platform provides resources about: Future climate (scenarios, projections) Climate impacts, vulnerabilities and risks Adaptation policies (national and regional adaptation strategies, sectorial adaptation policy documents, meta-analytical studies and policy reviews) Adaptation options (strategic directions, actions, measures) Tools (assessment methods, decision-support, guidelines, manuals, information portals) Adaptation in practice (practice examples of adaptation measures, case studies)

Adaptation at Altitude

Mountains feature some of the clearest indications of climate change: rising temperatures, melting glaciers and changing precipitation patterns are disrupting water flows and affecting ecosystems, creating and worsening natural hazards and threatening livelihoods and communities both within the mountains and downstream. Mountain livelihoods are particularly sensitive to climate change, because climate impacts are often more profound in mountains and affect people already confronting poverty and land degradation


ClimateScan is an interactive web-based map application for knowledge exchange on (over 5000 in 2020) ‘blue-green’ projects mostly on urban resilience, climate proofing and climate change adaptation (CCA) around the globe, with a good European coverage. It involves over a thousand registered (public and private) participants around the world coordinated by the Hanze University of Applied Sciences (NL)

OPPLA - Information hub for nature-based solutions

Oppla is a virtual hub where the latest thinking on nature-based solutions is brought together from across Europe. Oppla will provide access to a wide range of resources, drawn from the most innovative communities of science, policy and practice

I-storm - International Network for Storm Surge Barriers

I-storm principal aim is sharing experiences and transfer of knowledge on operational and functional management of large movable storm surge barriers in order to optimize the management of barriers by innovative management. This aim is being realised by organising a network which functions as a meeting place for Storm Surge Barrier Managers

Co-designing Locally tailored Ecological solutions for Value added, socially inclusivE Regeneration in Cities

The CLEVER cities project co-creates, - implements, and -manages locally tailored nature-based solutions (NBS) to deliver tangible social, environmental and economic improvements for urban regeneration. It delivers interventions in front-runner cities' cases for successful NBS, and prepares robust replication roadmaps in fellow cities that also have NBS experience and expertise to offer

Guidelines for Climate Change Adaptation at the local level in the Alps

Adapting requires developing good sectorial policies and working to maximize co-benefits for climate and other domains. These Guidelines, prepared by Italy during its Presidency of the Alpine Convention in 2013-2014, provide information to the different sub-national governance levels on impacts, vulnerabilities and resilience capacity in various relevant policy sectors as well as policy guidance on the identification, selection, implementation, governance of local adaptation options as well as monitoring and evaluation, highlighting the key factors of success.

Innovative pavement solution for the mitigation of the urban heat island effect

The LIFE HEATLAND project aims to demonstrate the mitigation of the UHI effect by using an innovative construction material for road surfaces – cool pavements using a mixture of lime aggregated, transparent synthetic binder and titanium oxide and iron oxides pigments. An innovative pavement will be installed along with four metering towers fitted with diverse sensors (e

Mitigating the Health Effects of Desert Dust Storms Using Exposure-Reduction Approaches

The LIFE-MEDEA project’s main goal is to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of an adaptation strategy to desert dust stroms (DDS), and to better inform EU policy-making by providing a field-based evidence for the adoption of a strategic plan for mitigating the health effects of DDS events in south-east Europe. Desert Dust Storms (DDS) refers to the condition created when finer sand particulate matter (PM) from the desert surface is transported over a long distance

Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS)

The Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS) is a global endeavour requiring the coordinated participation of an international group of agencies. The GLOSS sea level data centres provide complimentary data streams while helping to shape the future of the global  in situ  sea level observing network

Mixed Farming Systems: livestock/cash crops

The specialization and intensification of European farming systems increased productivity but also led to serious consequences on the environment. These consequences include water pollution due to an excess of manure and slurries in certain areas and high reliance on external mineral and feed inputs, loss of biodiversity and lower resilience to climate change

Nature-Based Solutions Impacts on Water Quality & Waterbody Conditions

This document summarises outcomes relating to water quality and waterbody conditions from the report ‘Nature-based Solutions: State of the Art in EU-funded Projects’ (Wild et al. (Eds.) 2020) prepared through the EC’s Valorisation of NBS Projects Initiative. EU research and innovation projects were scanned for results pertaining to key areas such as Water Framework Directive implementation, cross-compliance with the Common Agricultural Policy, catchment management, diffuse pollution and waterbodies. Evidence from the reviewed projects (and the EC’s NBS policy topic area) is framed within knowledge from the literature in the realm of water policy, to give as full a picture as possible about the state of the art with relevant NBS. Contextualised information is provided on policy developments, research results and key lessons. The resulting evidence base includes figures and monetary values showing the relative cost-effectiveness of NBS, and exploring how they support water policy implementation. Policy recommendations and knowledge gaps are also highlighted to support the strengthening of strategies and practical action for the uptake of NBS, to deliver targeted and efficient interventions to help solve societal challenges in Europe and beyond.

Greening: a more complex income support scheme, not yet environmentally effective

Agriculture, in particular intensive farming, exerts a negative impact on the environment and climate. Greening - a direct payment rewarding farmers for farming practices beneficial for soil quality, carbon sequestration and biodiversity – was introduced in 2015, as a means to enhance the environmental and climate performance of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy

Opportunities and options for integrating climate change adaptation with the Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030

This technical paper explores opportunities, options and challenges for integrating adaptation with the Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 as identified by Parties and non-Party stakeholders through their practical experiences. It is primarily based on discussions held at the technical expert meetings on adaptation, which took place on 16 and 17 May 2017 in Bonn, Germany

CoAStal and marine waters integrated monitoring systems for ecosystems proteCtion AnD managemEnt

CASCADE is a transnational cooperation project, funded by the Italy-Croatia Interreg Cooperation Programme, that develop s concerted monitoring, observing, modeling and management approaches to the Adriatic Sea to enhance the knowledge and assess the vulnerability of coastal and marine ecosystems in Italy and Croatia in order to improve the protection of endangered habitats and species. The CASCADE project will develop a set of concerted and coordinated actions including monitoring (observing and modelling) and management (Maritime Spatial Planning - MSP, Integrated Coastal Zone Management - ICZM, Land-Sea Interaction - LSI) to evaluate the quality and assess the vulnerability of inland, coastal and marine ecosystems in Italy and Croatia with the final objective to restore endangered species and to support integrated management

Strategic development of flood management

STREAM is a transnational project funded by the Italy-Croatia Interreg Cooperation Programme that aims to reduce human and socio-economic losses in case of flood hazards, by developing innovative risk monitoring tools, early warning procedures and shared plans and data . Sixteen partners from Croatian and Italian regions cooperate to e nhance knowledge on the management of coastal and urban flooding on both sides of the Adriatic Sea

Lyme Borreliosis in Europe

This report has been published by the  WHO Regional Office for Europe together with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), and it is about the Lyme Borreliosis (LB) in Europe. LB is caused by the bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi , and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks, mainly Ixodes ricinus

Urban landscapes and climate change: the contribution of Landscape Architects to improve the quality of life

The report, which is concerned with the practice of Landscape Architecture to improve the quality of life in cities, outlines the context of climate change in terms of the science, the politics and aspirations, both in Europe and globally. It discusses how cities are changing, how their resident populations are at risk, and how Covid-19 has further complicated the situation, perhaps advancing even more urgently the need for action

CO-producing Nature-based solutions and restored Ecosystems: transdisciplinary neXus for Urban Sustainability

The EU-funded CONEXUS project will co-produce, structure and promote access to contextualised knowledge by co-creating Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) to support the restoration of urban ecosystems.  Cities and regions in Europe (EU) and the Community of Latin American & Caribbean States (CELAC) face shared and urgent global-local challenges to integrate practical actions with strategies to achieve greater inclusion, biodiversity, climate change adaptation and environmental quality

The German Climate Preparedness Portal - KLiVO

The KLiVO Portal collects data and information concerning climate change as well as services for a target-oriented adaption to the effects of climate change. Regardless of whether guidelines, web tools, maps or upskilling qualification and advice – all of the Climate Preparedness Services aim to support you with your self provision in face of the inevitable effects of climate change.

Agroecological and other innovative approaches for sustainable agriculture and food systems that enhance food security and nutrition

The report, developed by the High Level Panel of Experts for Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE), explores the nature and potential contributions of agroecological and other innovative approaches to formulating transitions towards sustainable food systems (SFSs) that enhance food security and nutrition (FSN). The HLEP adopted a dynamic, multiscale perspective, focusing on the concepts of transition and transformation

Projection of Economic impacts of climate change in Sectors of the European Union based on boTtom-up Analysis

The series of PESETA projects (PESETA I, PESETA II, PESETA III and PESETA IV) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) has intended to better understand the possible biophysical and economic consequences of future climate change for Europe. The main motivation of launching the series of climate impact assessments has been to better understand how climate change can affect Europe, in order to derive useful insights for climate adaptation

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