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Daily Mean Temperature - Monthly Mean, 2011-2099

Context The daily mean temperature index provides information on long-term climate variability and change. Temperature plays a fundamental role in agricultural productivity, biodiversity and public health

Daily Minimum Temperature - Monthly Mean, 2011-2099

Context The daily minimum temperature index provides information on long-term climate variability and change. Temperature plays a fundamental role in agricultural productivity, biodiversity and public health

Biologically Effective Degree Days, 2011-2099

Context The biologically effective degree days index provides information about the growing season. Definition The biologically effective degree days (°C) index is the sum of daily mean temperatures above 10°C and less than 30°C for a given period

Mean Sea Level, 2070-2100

Context The mean sea level index informs an understanding of European coastal hydrodynamics under the impact of climate change. It provides added value for various coastal sectors and studies such as port, shipping, and coastal management with particular relvance to coastal management

Annual Highest High Water, 2070-2100

Context The annual highest high water index informs an understanding of European coastal hydrodynamics under the impact of climate change. It provides added value for various coastal sectors and studies such as port, shipping, and coastal management with particular relvance to coastal flooding

Days with a High Amount of Natural Snow, 2011-2099

Context Snow indices for Europe can be used to characterize the operating conditions of winter ski resorts under future climate scenarios. They are used in the assessment of snow reliability for mountainous regions across Europe

Total Winter Snow, 2011-2099

Context Snow indices for Europe can be used to characterize the operating conditions of winter ski resorts under future climate scenarios. They are used in the assessment of snow reliability for mountainous regions across Europe

Frost Days, 2011-2099

Context The number of frost days provides information on frost damage. Definition A frost day is when the daily minimum temperature is less than 0°C

Climatological Heatwave (High Temperature), 1971-2099

Context A climatological heatwave is a prolonged period of extremely high temperature for a particular region that exceeds a maximum threshold. Heatwaves have consequences for health, agriculture, power, wildfire and infrastructure

Tropical Nights, 2011-2099

Context The number of tropical nights provides an indication of the likely occurrence of various pests. Definition On a tropical night the minimum temperature remains above 20°C

Acequia report: climate change, droughts and water uses

The JRC organised the "Acequia workshop" called "Climate change, droughts and water uses in Gran Canaria" that took place in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria from 18 to 20 June 2018. This report is one of the outcomes of the workshop and has a twofold objective. Firstly, it summarises the main conclusions obtained in the Acequia workshop and, secondly, it also aims to move a step forward in proposing more detailed actions to tackle drought risks in Gran Canaria by means of co-creation practices.

Climate change and the European water dimension – Enhancing resilience

This policy paper is a result of deliberations at the online conference ‘Climate change and the European water dimension – Enhancing resilience’ held on November 4-5, 2020, and provides recommendations for the European Commission and EU Member States on how to increase water-related climate resilience and initiate the transformational change required to ensure resilience in the future. The paper provides input for the current political debate and, in particular, the new EU Adaptation Strategy expected for early 2021. It also aims to influence targeted EU initiatives to enhance adaptation efforts at EU, Member State and transboundary levels.

Networking European Farms to Enhance Cross Fertilisation and Innovation Uptake through Demonstration

The objective of NEFERTITI is to establish an EU-wide highly connected network of demonstration and pilot farms designed to enhance knowledge exchanges, cross fertilization among actors and efficient innovation uptake in the farming sector through peer-to-peer demonstration of techniques on 10 major agricultural challenges in Europe, contributing to a more competitive, sustainable and climate-smart agriculture. 10 interactive thematic networks have been created, bringing together 45 regional clusters (hubs) of demo-farmers and innovations actors: advisors, education, NGOs, researchers, industry and policy makers

Global Biodiversity Outlook 5

The fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-5) is an output of the processes of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This report identifies a number of transitions that will be required to set us on a path to achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity. It is urgent to tackle the twin global challenges of climate change and biodiversity loss in a more coordinated manner, with the understanding that climate change threatens to undermine all efforts to conserve and sustainably manage biodiversity and that nature itself offers some of the most effective solutions to avert the worst impacts of a warming planet. The analysis in this Outlook shows what can and must be done within this decade of action to transform the relationship with nature.

Biodiversity and infrastructure synergies and opportunities for European transport networks

The main objectives of the project are to: Identify future research and innovation needs for a better integration of biodiversity with infrastructure planning, construction, operation and decommissioning by developing a a Strategic Research and Deployment Agenda (SRDA). Make linear infrastructure more high performing and reliable while taking into account the specific needs of Western and Eastern Europe (e

Decision support platforms for climate change adaptation: an overview and introduction

This paper explores the history and characteristics of adaptation platforms. Considering the use of adaptation platforms in practice, as well as the structure and evaluation of adaptation platforms, the paper provides insights on the extent to which they are relevant, usable, and useful,  whether or not these attributes translate into sustained use , barriers to take-up of adaptation platforms , and how these might be overcome

Use of freshwater resources in Europe

The indicator is a comprehensive assessment of different aspects of water management, indicating the water stress conditions that European countries are facing, the water abstraction by source and the water use by sector.

Oxygen concentrations in European coastal and marine waters

Widespread oxygen depletion, partly due to natural conditions (stratification), occurs in the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea. No significant trends in concentrations were observed for the majority of stations in all regions during the period 1990-2017.

Adaptation of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

The trans-European Transport network (TEN-T) is a EU policy based on Title XVI, Articles 170 – 172, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. TEN-T allows the internal market to function, link European regions with each other and connect Europe with other parts of the world

Strategies and measures for the mitigation of fire risk in the Mediterranean area

The project addresses the challenge of enhancing the forecasting, prevention and suppression capabilities of fires in the cooperation area, to protect and enhance the environmental, cultural and tourist resources of the Maritime space. The general objective of MED-Star is to contribute to the improvement of the capacity of the public institutions involved to jointly prevent and manage the growing risk of fire deriving from climate change, in areas with a high anthropogenic presence and of significant naturalistic interest, also through appropriate adaptation actions

Management of forest ecosystems to reduce the risk of forest fires

MED-Foreste deals with the prevention of forest fires, through experiments and construction of works aimed at the active management of the forest. The risk of fires in the Mediterranean area is undoubtedly linked to the climate changes underway, but in the case of forests the risk is greatly aggravated by the general abandonment of agricultural and forestry-pastoral activities, especially in mountainous and marginal areas

Mediterranean cooperation for the defense of forests from fires

The objective of MED COOPFIRE is to develop a more effective strategy to manage fire risks and extinguishment and a resilient response system that includes civil society. The approach is to gather the knowledge and skills of each partner and create a common action/reaction system

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