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Heatwaves and health: guidance on warning-system development

This guidance considers who is at risk from heat, outlines approaches to assessing heat stress, presents the science and methodologies associated with the development of Heat–Health Warning Systems, overviews heat-intervention strategies which are a necessary part of any truly integrated HHWSs, considers the problem of communicating heat risk and how to evaluate HHWSs and draws attention to the essential elements of summer heat plans within which HHWSs are nested. The purpose of the Guidance is to act as a catalyst for bringing together key players from climate, health, emergency-response agencies and decision-makers, as well as the general public, for initiating action concerning the overall management of heat as a hazard

Background report to the preparation of the Impact assessment on the EU adaptation strategy – part I

Current and projected impacts in Europe, together with their related costs, suggest that climate change will — either directly or indirectly — test the vulnerability of European society with economic, environmental, societal, geopolitical and technological risks. The security, health and quality of life of European citizens are at the core of the matter and climate change constitutes an additional pressure that challenges most of the components of human and natural systems

Programme of pilot projects on adaptation to climate change in transboundary basins under the UNECE Water Convention

The programme of pilot projects on adaptation to climate change in transboundary basins under the UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) has started in 2010 and aims to: Support countries and specifically countries with economies in transition (in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia as well as in South-Eastern Europe) in their efforts to develop adaptation strategies and measures in transboundary basins; assist UNECE countries in implementing the Water Convention and the European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) under conditions of a changing climate, also in light of the EU White Paper on adapting to climate change1; create positive examples demonstrating the benefits of and possible mechanisms for transboundary cooperation in adaptation planning and implementation, also beyond the UNECE region; implement the Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change; provide a forum for exchange of experience, good practices and lessons learnt regarding adaptation projects in different parts of the region. The pilot projects mainly focus on developing adaptation strategies which lay the ground for further action and only to a very limited extent, on the funding and implementation of the relevant measures

Resilience Strategies for Regions

REGILIENCE – sharing the most promising solutions supporting communities and regions across Europe to become more resilient to climate change  REGILIENCE will support communities, cities and regions in their efforts towards building climate-resilient pathways. It will facilitate the identification and upscaling of the most promising resilience solutions: supporting their replication in 10 vulnerable and low-capacity regions in Europe; communicating them through various channels and actions; and inspiring policymakers, organisations, and individuals to become part of the change

Adaptation to Climate Change - European Commission

The European Commission's "Climate Action" portal  presents information on the EU policy initiatives on adaptation. It contains sections on:  - How will we be affected? - What is the EU doing? - Financing Adaptation  - International action

Life + A_GreeNet

The European Life + A_GreeNet aims to make the cities of the Middle Adriatic coast more resilient to climate change through the creation of green infrastructure (e.g

EU funding for biodiversity and climate change in EU forests: positive but limited results

This report focuses on describing the state of the art of the EU’s efforts to protect biodiversity and address climate change in EU forests. The different EU funding schemes area analyzed and their impacts on EU forests, highlighting successful cases but also still reaming gaps for EU forests protection and conservation. Based on the report finding, final recommendations are identified.

Paris Oasis Schoolyard Programme, France

After the devastating 2003 and 2017 heatwaves and in light of projections that predict increasing frequency and duration of heatwaves in the future, the City of Paris embarked on developing a range of initiatives to address this threat recognising that different social groups and different areas of the city have unequal vulnerabilities. Having identified the high level of soil sealing and lack of access to green cool spaces as some of the key spatial factors behind increased vulnerability to heatwaves, Paris developed the “OASIS – Openness, Adaptation, Sensitisation, Innovation and Social Ties” schoolyard greening programme, an example of just adaptation initiative that addresses the most vulnerable population

Nature Smart Cities across the 2 Seas

A clear knowledge gap exists for local authorities (LAs) that prevents them from deploying green infrastructure (GI) on a scale that enables urban landscapes to adapt to the future impacts of climate change and build more sustainable communities. Cities and towns are not investing in GI, and the valuation tools for justifying GI on economic, social, cultural and environmental grounds are simply not being used by LAs, who instead rely on EU and national subsidies or deliver GI projects on a ‘one off’ basis

Ice conditions for maritime traffic in the Baltic Sea in future climate

During winter, large parts of the Baltic Sea are covered with sea ice, which severely affects maritime traffic and requires ice breaking services. Even though ice extent will be reduced in future climate and ice seasons will become shorter, completely ice-free winters are unlikely during the present century

ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2018

Long time-series on ocean properties are rare for the surface ocean and even more uncommon for the deep ocean. The North Atlantic region is unique in having a relatively large number of locations where oceanographic data have been collected repeatedly for multiple years or decades; the longest records extend back more than a century

ICES status report on climate change in the North Atlantic

This document reviews the range of climate‐change impacts that have been reported from the North Atlantic and discusses potential future changes to the ecological processes of marine systems. The data used to document and illustrate this report come not only from published literature, but also from ICES data and contributions from experts who are members of ICES expert groups

EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region Action Plan

The European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) is the first macro-regional strategy in Europe. The Strategy is divided into three objectives (previously in 4 pillars) which represent the three key challenges of the Strategy: saving the sea, connecting the region and increasing prosperity

Monitoring, Reporting and Evaluation of national level adaptation in Europe: Lessons and experiences from other policy domains

National level monitoring, reporting and evaluation (MRE) of climate change adaptation is a topic of growing interest to policymakers, researchers and practitioners across Europe. This paper highlights transferable lessons learned that may inform MRE practice for climate change adaptation from evaluation communities working in the sectors of biodiversity, adaptation and international development, and sustainability

Assessment of costs of natural hazard. A meta-guidance document

Recent attention paid to assessment of disaster losses has propelled development of a number of guidance documents, differing in extent/length, focus and level of detail. This meta-guidance lends itself as an introduction and annotated reference list

Adaptation to climate change in the transport sector (ETC/CCA Technical Paper 03/2013)

This technical paper has been produced as a part of the 2013 working programme of the European Topic Centre on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (ETC/CCA) of the European Environment Agency (EEA). It is a first step in an effort to establish a map of current actions in EEA countries for adapting the transport system to climate change, and to identify opportunities for further action at the European level in the next years

Floods – vulnerability, risks and management

The report aims to highligh factors that contribute to the occurrence and adverse consequences of floods in Europe, and possibilities to reduce flood risks from inland waters and rainfall. Part of the discussion focuses on changes in flood patterns and illustrates how different climate scenarios may affect floods vulnerability and risks

Extreme weather and climate in Europe

The report is written for climate experts and illustrates the current scientific knowledge of extreme weather and climate events in Europe considering four variables: temperature, precipitation, hail, and drought (meteorological, hydrological and soil moisture). It includes a comprehensive literature review and presents recorded observations and modelled projections for extreme events

Towards a potential European flood impact database

This report calls for a potential European Flood Impact Database which could be built to advise, and draw knowledge from, the implementation of the EU Floods Directive. Europe is increasingly affected by by natural hazard events, notably floods, causing large but insufficiently understood and documented losses

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