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Adaptive strategies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on European freshwater ecosystems

REFRESH is concerned with the development of a system that will enable water managers to design cost-effective restoration programmes for freshwater ecosystems at the local and catchment scales that account for the expected future impacts of climate change and land-use change in the context of the WFD and Habitats Directive. At its centre is a process-based evaluation of the specific adaptive measures that might be taken to minimise the consequences of climate change on freshwater quantity, quality and biodiversity

Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Norway

The NORADAPT project focuses on how projected changes in climate interact with changes in socioeconomic and institutional conditions, and how these interactions shape vulnerability and adaptation at the local level in Norway. NORADAPT will further develop an indicator-based model for climate change vulnerability assessments using a limited number of municipalities as test sites

The terrestrial Carbon cycle under Climate Variability and Extremes a Pan-European synthesis

For contributing to fill the knowledge gap in climate variability and extremes on the terrestrial carbon cycle, CARBO-EXTREME focuses on: bringing together and reanalyzing existing long-term carbon cycle related observations; synthesizing and harmonizing new experimental approaches, compiling and adapting latest regional climate scenarios; using a strong model-data integration framework, up to improving assessments of the European carbon cycle under future climate and advice to the European Commission and other stakeholders regarding climate, soil and ecosystem protection policies. The objectives of CARBO-EXTREME are: to obtain a better and more predictive understanding of European terrestrial carbon cycle responses to climate variability and extreme weather events; to identify the most sensitive and vulnerable carbon pools and processes under different scenarios; to map the most likely trajectory of carbon pools in Europe over the 21st century and associated uncertainties; to build a European network of Ecosystem Manipulation Experiments feeding into a harmonized database; to build a consistent multi-source (ecosystem experiments, long-term monitoring of soils, trees and fluxes, remote sensing, riverine transport) database on the European carbon cycle components to study climate variability and extreme events; to perform a Bayesian model calibration and comparison leading to improved terrestrial carbon cycle predictions and their uncertainties in scenario analyses; to give advice to the European Commission and other stakeholders; to support the development and implementation of climate, soil and ecosystem protection policies

Adaptation of forest management to climate change in Greece

The project aims to demonstrate that forest management can be adapted to climate change, while enhancing the capacity of forest services. To achieve this, the project has carefully selected 4 pilot sites (Kentriki Makedonia, Thessalia, Peloponnisos, Attiki), where changes in vegetation have already been observed (e

Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe

The emBRACE project aimed to improve the pan-European framing of the resilience concept. Using interdisciplinary, socially inclusive and collaborative methods, it has developed a conceptual and methodological approach to clarify how the resilience capacity of a society confronted with natural hazards and disasters can be characterized, defined and measured

Fostering European Drought Research and Science-Policy Interfacing

The project aimed to reduce future Europe's vulnerability and risk to drought by innovative in-depth studies that combine drought investigations in six case study areas in water-stressed regions (river basin and national scale) with drought analyses at the pan-European scale. Knowledge transfer across these scales is paramount because vulnerability is context-specific (e

New approaches to assess the responses of phytoplankton to global change

The project investigated physiological reactions of 3 important phytoplankton groups (diatoms, coccolithophores, cyanobacteria) to environmental factors which are affected by global change (pCO2/pH, light, nutrients). Using an innovative combination of cutting-edge mass-spectrometric and fluorometric techniques, a suite of in vivo assays were applied in lab and field experiments to develop a process-based understanding of cellular responses

Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on European Agriculture

The Action is carried out by four working groups (WGs) with different tasks: agroclimatic indices and simulation models review and assessment of tools used to relate climate with agricultural processes; evaluation of the current trends of agroclimatic indices and simulation model outputs describing agricultural impacts and hazard levels; developing and assessing future regional and local scenarios of agroclimatic conditions; risk assessment and foreseen impacts on agriculture. The activity of WGs has been structured as a sort of matrix, presenting on the rows the methods of analysis and on the columns the phenomenon and the hazards

Transitioning towards Urban Resilience and Sustainability

The project aims to bring together urban communities, researchers, local authorities and SMEs to research, develop, demonstrate and disseminate transition strategies and scenarios to enable European cities and their rural interfaces to build vitally-needed resilience in the face of significant sustainability challenges. To ensure maximum impact, the TURaS project has developed an innovative twinning approach bringing together decision makers in local authorities with SMEs and academics to ensure meaningful results and real change are implemented over the duration of the project

Sustainable InteGral Management Approaches for Water areas

The problem that all partners in this project face is twofold: due to past human activity water quality and environmental quality of selected areas within the partnership decreased significantly; in addition all partners wish to be able to deal with anticipated changes in the climate which poses the partnership with the challenge to deal with future changes in water quantity. The solution is found identifying existing good practices within the partnership and from there jointly developing integrated master plans focused on the development of NEW lakes and wetland areas which both significantly increase water quality in the water system and make the water system more flexible in terms of quantity

Novel tree breeding strategies

NOVELTREE provides an improved understanding of the biology of forest tree species and enable significant genetic improvement in the composition and characteristics of forest products in order to satisfy the needs (e.g

Adaptation response measures in the Drini-Mati river deltas

This project on the identification and implementation of adaptation response measures in the Drini-Mati river deltas aims to assist Albania in beginning a process by which strategies to moderate, cope with, and take advantage of the consequences of climate change are enhanced, developed, and implemented. Expected outcomes are: Outcome 1: Capacities to monitor and respond to anticipated climate change impacts in the DMRD at the institutional and community levels developed; Outcome 2: DMRD region’s conservation and development programmes, plans and policies integrate climate change risks and take local pilot actions for coastal adaptation; Outcome 3: Capacity for adaptive management, monitoring and evaluation, learning, and replication of project lessons developed

Costs of Natural Hazards

Cost assessments of damages of natural hazards supply crucial information to policy makers in the fields of natural hazard management and adaptation planning to climate change. Significant diversity exists in methodological approaches and terminology in cost assessments of different natural hazards and in different impacted sectors

Integrative flood risk governance approach for improvement of risk awareness and increased public participation

The project Integrative flood risk governance approach for improvement of risk awareness and increased public participation - IMRA, is a 2nd ERA-Net CRUE Research Funding Initiative, aiming to Integrate, Consolidate and Disseminate European Flood Risk Management Research. The IMRA project designed its research around the following main questions: - What is the relationship between true flood risk and the public’s risk perception? What factors determine this relationship? What are the implications for FRM policy? - How can public participation in flood risk management be increased through better risk communication and greater risk awareness? - How can participation in the establishment of FRM plans be encouraged and improved as a feature of “good governance”? - What can institutions learn from improved understanding of risk communication approaches, tools and techniques? How can this learning be applied to improve the effectiveness of communications to the public (across a range of FRM activities, e

New planting techniques for tree cultivation in desertified environments

One of the consequences of climate change is desertification of areas that have previously provided important functions in terms of carbon sequestration, food production and landscape conservation. Tree planting can help overcome these problems and innovative planting techniques are required to properly regenerate some degraded areas

Concepts and Science for Coastal Erosion Management.

Coastal erosion in Europe causes significant economic loss, ecological damage and societal problems. Loss of property, infrastructure and beach width annually causes millions of Euros worth of economic damage, loss of valuable coastal habitat and presents significant management issues

Mediterranean Dialogue on Integrated Water Management

MELIA Community of Practice aims at structuring a dialogue among the key stakeholders concerned and affected by water use and management, such as scientists, professionals, decision makers, policy makers, water providers, media professionals, educators and citizens. In this view, there is a need for horizontal and vertical integration and dialogue

Danish Coasts and Climate Adaptation

The main objective of the COADAPT project is to develop shoreline management tools to meeting the additional threats for the coastal areas due to sea level rise and changes in storminess. As part of this, the project aims to: (i) better understand impacts of climate change on coastal environments (e

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