Home Database Indicators Precipitation Sum, 2011-2099

Precipitation Sum, 2011-2099

Context The precipitation sum provides information on possible water shortage or excess.

Definition The precipitation sum index is expressed as a percentage change in total precpitation relative to a reference period.

Data Sources The precipitation sum index is calculated from an ensemble of five global climate model (GCM) simulations for two CMIP5 scenario projections: RCP2.6 (with low greenhouse gas emissions) and RCP8.5 (with high greenhouse gas emissions). Projected changes in the precipitation sum are calculated relative to a (1981–2010) ERA5 reference period.

Understand A positive value indicates more precipitation than the reference period while a negative value indicates less precipitation than the reference period.

Supporting Information The data was collated on behalf of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). Further information about this index can be found in the C3S documentation resources in the Climate Data Store.


Visualisation and Navigation Monthly and annual projected changes in the precipitation sum index are presented as 30-year means for two CMIP5 scenarios; RCP2.6 with low greenhouse gas emissions and RCP8.5 with high greenhouse gas emissions.

Statistics for the precipitation sum are also available via the "Explore in Detail" button as national, sub-national and trans-national area-means for which time series data can be plotted.

Projected change in precipitation sum


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Context The precipitation sum provides information on possible water shortage or excess.

Definition The precipitation sum index is expressed as a percentage change in total precpitation relative to a reference period.

Data Sources The precipitation sum index is calculated from an ensemble of five global climate model (GCM) simulations for two CMIP5 scenario projections: RCP2.6 (with low greenhouse gas emissions) and RCP8.5 (with high greenhouse gas emissions). Projected changes in the precipitation sum are calculated relative to a (1981–2010) ERA5 reference period.

Understand A positive value indicates more precipitation than the reference period while a negative value indicates less precipitation than the reference period.

Supporting Information The data was collated on behalf of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). Further information about this index can be found in the C3S documentation resources in the Climate Data Store.


Visualisation and Navigation The projected change of the sum of monthly precipitation and annual precipitation for the chosen scenario and time period are plotted as area means for each region. The EUROSTAT NUTS classification (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) is a hierarchical system for dividing up the economic territory of Europe. The size of the regions shown on the map can be adjusted by selecting the appropriate NUTS level: national level (NUTS-0), first sub-national level (NUTS-1), second sub-national level (NUTS-2), and third sub-national level (NUTS-3).

The regions on the map facilitate dynamic access to the underlying data. Hover the mouse pointer over a region to view the value of the area mean or click on a region to request a time series plot. Likewise, the trans-national average for the EEA member and cooperating countries (EEA 38) can be accessed via the "Europe" bounding box.

The time series plot shows the ensemble mean and range of precipitation responses to the chosen scenario conditions across an ensemble of five CMIP5 climate models. Click and hover the mouse over the time series plot to view the data values and to reveal action buttons for features such as “zoom” and “download plot as a png”. Links below the plot enable the download of time series data in the spreadsheet compatible .csv format.

This index is expressed as a change relative to a reference period so the (1981-2010) ERA5 reference climatology is also provided. The reference climate contains the mean climatology, the standard deviation from the mean, and the 5th and 95th percentiles.

Projected change in precipitation sum - Explore index

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