Home Database Indicators Total Winter Snow, 2011-2099

Total Winter Snow, 2011-2099

Context Snow indices for Europe can be used to characterize the operating conditions of winter ski resorts under future climate scenarios. They are used in the assessment of snow reliability for mountainous regions across Europe.

Definition Total snow precipitation is the cumulative value of snowfall over the winter sports season (November year N-1 to April year N). The projected change in cumulative snowfall for each region and elevation is calculated relative to the 1981-2010 period of the UERRA historical reanalysis.

Data Sources Snow indices are generated using the Crocus snowpack model, a multi-layer snowpack model embedded in the SURFEX land surface model. The SURFEX (Surface Externalisée) model is forced with atmospheric fields provided by adjusted EURO-CORDEX ensemble climate projections. The data covers the period from 2011-2099. It consists of two climate change scenarios: RCP4.5 with medium greenhouse gas emissions and RCP8.5 with high greenhouse gas emissions.

Supporting Information The data was collated on behalf of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). Further information about this index can be found in the C3S documentation resources in the Climate Data Store


Visualisation and Navigation The projected change in cumulative snowfall from November to April is provided for NUTS-3 sub-national regions, as 30-year means for two CMIP5 scenarios: RCP4.5 with medium greenhouse gas emissions and RCP8.5 with high greenhouse gas emissions. The snow index is further discretised in steps of 100m land-surface elevation.

Statistics for cumulative snowfall are also available via the "Explore in Detail" button where timeseries data can be plotted.

Projected change in total snow precipitation from November to April


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Context Snow indices for Europe can be used to characterize the operating conditions of winter ski resorts under future climate scenarios. They are used in the assessment of snow reliability for mountainous regions across Europe.

Definition Total snow precipitation is the cumulative value of snowfall over the winter sports season (November year N-1 to April year N). The projected change in cumulative snowfall for each region and elevation is calculated relative to the 1981-2010 period of the UERRA historical reanalysis.

Data Sources Snow indices are generated using the Crocus snowpack model, a multi-layer snowpack model embedded in the SURFEX land surface model. The SURFEX (Surface Externalisée) model is forced with atmospheric fields provided by adjusted EURO-CORDEX ensemble climate projections. The data covers the period from 2011-2099. It consists of two climate change scenarios: RCP4.5 with medium greenhouse gas emissions and RCP8.5 with high greenhouse gas emissions.

Supporting Information The data was collated on behalf of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). Further information about this index can be found in the C3S documentation resources in the Climate Data Store


Visualisation and Navigation The projected change in cumulative snowfall from November to April is provided for NUTS-3 sub-national regions, as 30-year means for two CMIP5 scenarios: RCP4.5 with medium greenhouse gas emissions and RCP8.5 with high greenhouse gas emissions. The snow index is further discretised in steps of 100m land-surface elevation.

The map shows the 30-year average of the projected change in total snow precipitation, for the chosen time period, scenario and elevation, plotted as area means for each region.

The regions on the map facilitate dynamic access to the underlying data. Hover the mouse pointer over a region to see it's name, if there is data at the selected elevation the area mean will also be shown. Click on a region that contains data at the selected elevation to request a century-long timeseries plot.

The time series plot shows the ensemble mean and range derived from eight global climate model (GCM) and regional climate model (RCM) pairings.

Click and hover the mouse over the time series plot to view the data values and to reveal action buttons for features such as “zoom” and “download plot as a png”. Links below the plot enable the download of time series data in the spreadsheet compatible .csv format.

This index is expressed as a change relative to a reference period so the historical time series of the UERRA reanalysis data is also shown.

Projected change in total snow precipitation from November to April - Explore index

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