Last update:15 Mar 2017

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy Expected to be approved by national government at the mid of 2017

Website

BSR Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan (project BALTADAPT) Completed

http://www.baltadapt.eu/

BSR project BaltClim (2011-2013)


Completed

http://www.bef-de.org/index.php?id=52

Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments

Flood risk management plans Completed

Management plans

CC risk and vulnerability assessment in sectors Completed / ongoing

Report in Latvian

Report in Latvian

National long-term Thematic planning of the Baltic Sea Coastal Public Infrastructure, including CC impact assessment and adaptation Completed

Thematic plan of the baltic sea

National long-term Maritime Spatial Planning Completed Website
EEA pre-defined project on adaptation (2014-2016): flood risk maps, flood risk warning system, CC risk and vulnerability assessment in sectors, analysis of CC historical trends and future scenarios   Project ended at March 2017, all reports will published on the MEPRD in the nearest months – completed and ongoing

Website

Website

 

Scientific publications (annual scientific conferences at University of Latvia) Completed and ongoing

Website

http://www.silava.lv/sakums.aspx

Analysis on risk assessment regarding environmental disaster (2015) Completed

https://www.lvafa.gov.lv/faili/materiali/petijumi/2015/359.pdf

 

Outcomes from EEA small grant scheme projects (2016) Completed

Weblink

Latvia’s sixth national communication under UNFCCC Completed

Weblink

 

Research programs - National Programmes
National Research Programme KALME” (2006-2009) Completed

http://kalme.daba.lv/en

 

National Research Programme EVIDEnT” (2014-2017) Ongoing

http://vpp-evident.lv/index.php/en

 

Norwegian Financial Mechanism (NFM) project

“Increasing territorial development planning capacities of planning regions and local governments of Latvia and elaboration of development planning documents” (2013-2016)

Currently being undertaken

http://www.vraa.gov.lv/en/eea-norwegian/norvegian

 

Key research initiatives (added value)

BSR project BaltCICA (2009-2011) Completed

http://www.baltcica.org

 

ESF project „Establishment of interdisciplinary scientist group and modelling system for groundwater research” (2009-2012)

Completed

www.puma.lu.lv

 

Life+ and Riga City Municipality project Riga against flood! (2012) Completed

www.rigapretpludiem.lv

 

Guidelines on mitigation of Baltic Sea coastal zone erosion consequences (2014) Completed

Report

Enhancing Society’s Understanding about Climate Change Effects on Lakes in Latvia (2015-2016) Completed

http://cycle.videsinstituts.lv/en/about-cycle

 

Climate Services / Met Office - Observation. Climate projections and services

Tool for climate change analysis Established

http://www2.meteo.lv/klimatariks/

 

Report “Climate Change Scenarios for Latvia” Developed

http://www2.meteo.lv/klimatariks/zinojums.pdf

 

Baltic Earth - Earth System Science for the Baltic Sea Region Established

http://www.baltic-earth.eu/BACC2/index.html

 

Air and climate change monitoring Established Link to website
Weather anomalies in Latvia – data analysis by LEGMC Established Link to website
Baltic Solar Atlas (for Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland) Website

Web Portal(s) / Adaptation platform(s)

Latvian climate change web-portal (platform) Under development (April 2017) Weblink
Tool for climate change analysis (historical data and future scenarios) Completed

http://www2.meteo.lv/klimatariks/

 

Web Portal(s) / Adaptation platform(s) Being developed

Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies

Adaptation indicators Developed / under development / consultation process. Due until the 30rd of April 2017 Will be published in LEGMC and MEPRD web links in the nearest months
Climate change and adaptation monitoring`s system concept Under development / consultation process Will be published in LEGMC and MEPRD web links in the nearest months
Training and education resources
Presentations from workshops on climate change and adaptation: risk assessment, scenarios, monitoring, policies, etc. Completed

http://www.varam.gov.lv/lat/publ/seminari/sem_klimats/?doc=16159

 

    Climate products and parameters Developed

    http://www.modlab.lv/klimats/

    http://www.modlab.lv/meteo/

    Climate education as a part of annual scientific conference at University of Latvia Completed

    Weblink

    http://www.geo.lu.lv/petnieciba/lukonferences/

     

    Materials on preparedness and actions to be taken in cases of weather extremes Established

    Weblink

     

    fighting and Rescue Service Established

    http://vugd.gov.lv/files/textdoc/buk_civ_aizsardziba.pdf

    Web-portal on Latvian birds - latvijasputni.lv Established

    http://latvijasputni.lv/en.html

    Climate change in Latvia – challenge and opportunity? (2016) Completed

    Link to web site

    Climate education for all (2016) Completed

    Link to web site

    Latvia is actively working on its national long-term adaptation strategy up to the 2030, and it is expected to launch the document in the middle of 2017. The Strategy includes as main objectives - climate change (CC) impacts` and risk minimization and maximization of CC benefits or opportunities, and covers detailed information (analysis) in the main chapters on: 1) historical CC impacts from the year 1961 and future scenarios until 2100, 2) risk and vulnerability assessment in the six most vulnerable sectors[1], 3) adaptation measures in sectors and calculations of cost – benefit analysis, 4) adaptation monitoring system, incl. climate and adaptation indicators 5) engagement of stakeholders, determination of their responsibilities and 6) research, education, data collection and provision, information dissemination and public involvement.  

    Until now the climate change (CC) impacts, risks and gains were drawn practically in all main strategic policy planning documents. As Riga City is the capital and also the largest city of Latvia a Flood Risk Management Plan has been elaborated for the Riga City (2012).

    An Insurance system is an important adaptation tool regarding weather extremes or disasters and is developing rapidly in the country. Three insurance schemes regarding natural disasters exist: in the private sector (humans as individuals), in agriculture and forestry (based on PPP principle), and in business (trade, commerce).

    The civil protection system, which includes risk assessment and prevention, disaster management of all natural extremes in all sectors and governmental levels is prescribed in the recently adopted Civil Protection and Catastrophe Management Law (2016). The main added value is - much more and serious attention now - is paid to risk assessment and prevention. This improvement links climate change risk assessment, prevention and adaptation and civil protection much more tightly.


    [1] Biodiversity and ecosystem services; forestry and agriculture; tourisms and landscape planning; health and welfare; building and infrastructure planning; civil protection and emergency planning

    Climate change primary and secondary impacts, risk and vulnerability assessment, cost – benefit analysis for adaption measures, indicators and monitoring system`s draft are developed for the six main sectors in Latvia: 1) biodiversity and ecosystem services; 2) forestry and agriculture; 3) tourism and landscape planning; 4) health and welfare; 5) building and infrastructure planning; 6) civil protection and emergency planning. Comprehensive analysis for last two sectors has been just commenced, and is scheduled to be completed by the end of March 2017.

    Table 1. Policy instruments, examples of measures, responsible institutions and funding in sectors.

    Sectors

    Policy instruments / initiatives

    Responsible / involved institutions

    Funding resources[1]

    Health and welfare

    • Latvia`s Public Health Programme of Latvia 2014-2020

    •  Latvia`s Environmental Policy Strategy 2014-2020

    • State Disaster medicine Plan

    •  Orders on Disaster Medicine

    • Environmental Protection Law

    • Early warning systems on heatwaves in cities (P)

    • Green infrastructure – already exist and planned increase

    • Ensuring access to drinking water (P)

    • Social (home) care for elderly and sick people (P)

    • Widely available information on possibilities for cooling off (P)

    • Elaboration of specialized legislative framework (P)

    • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to climate change monitoring system (P)

    • Ministry of Health

    • State Emergency Medical Service

    • Food and Veterinary Service

    • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service

    • Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development (MEPRD)

     

    • General State budget

    • Municipal budget

    • Insurance

    • EU funds

    • Business

    Civil protection and emergency planning

    • Civil Protection and Catastrophe Management Law

    • Civil protection plans (updated every year)

    • Catastrophe medicine plans (updated every year)

    • Flood risk management plans for 2016-2021

    • Law on Water Management

    • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Strategy 2014-2020

    • Providing and restoration of material reserves

    • Widely available information on emergency regarding natural hazards (P)

    • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to CC monitoring system (P)

     

    • Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
    •  Municipalities
    • Planning regions

     

     

     

    • General State budget
    • Municipal budget
    • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund
    • Latvian Environmental Investment Fund
    • EU funds

     

    Civil protection

    • Civil Protection Law
    • Civil protection plans
    • Law on Civil Protection and Disaster Management (draft)
    • Ministry of the Interior

    • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service

    •  LEGMC

    • MEPRD

    • Municipalities

    • Planning regions

    • General State budget
    • Municipal budget
    • Business

     

    Building and infrastructure, including critical infrastructure (energy, transport, water) planning

    • Law on Construction

    • Green infrastructure – already exist and planned increase

    • Ensuring access to drinking water Methodological instructions in order to determine effects of wind

    • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment

    • Construction Law

    • Building Code review (P)

    • Law On Roads

    • Regulations "On requirements for state and local government road maintenance and everyday control on fulfilment"

    • National Reform Programme for the implementation of the “EU2020” strategy

    • HPP reconstruction, strengthening of river banks

    • Provision of mobile electricity generators for local territories and public administrative building  

    • Energy Law

    • National Security Law

    • National long-term Thematic Planning of the Baltic Sea Coastal Public Infrastructure

    • Revision of legislative acts regarding critical infrastructure (P)

    • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to CC monitoring system (P)

    • Ministry of  Economics

    • MEPRD

    • Ministry of Agriculture

    • Association of Builders of Latvia

    • Association of  Civil Engineers

    • Ministry of Transport

    • Road Administration

    • Latvian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    • Riga Technical University

    • LEGMC

    • Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments

    • State HC "Latvenergo"

    • PLC "Sadales tīkls" (Electrical distribution network)

    • Planning regions

    • Municipalities

    • General State budget
    • Municipal budget
    • Business
    • EU funds
    • Insurance
    • State HC "Latvenergo"
    • Climate Change Financial Instrument
    • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund
    • Business

    Biodiversity and ecosystem services

    • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Strategy 2014-2020

    • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment

    • Law on Particularly Protected Nature Territories

    • Law on Natural Resource Tax 

    • Particularly protected nature territories plans

    • “Latvia`s Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020”

    • Information and educational programmes (P)

    • Habitats management programmes (P)

    • Small dispersed wetlands creation and maintenance (P)

    • Reduction of natural and semi-natural areas fragmentation and isolation (P)

    • Mowing (harvesting) of rivers, lakes and coastal zones (P)

    • Creation and making natural permanent grasslands (P)

    • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to CC monitoring system (P)

    • MEPRD

    • Nature Conservation Agency

    • Environment State Bureau

       

    • Planning regions

       

    • WWF-Latvia

    • Latvian Nature Fund

    • General State budget

    • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund

    • Municipal budget

    • Rural Support Service

    Agriculture, fishery and forestry

    • Latvia`s Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020
    • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment
    • Forest Law
    • Forestry and related industries development strategy 2015-2020
    • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Strategy 2014-2020
    • Nature protection plans
    • Forest inventory
    • Forest certification
    • Regulations
    • Renaturalisation of small rivers
    • Sustainable land-use and management
    • Development of organic farming
    • Insurance of agricultural and forestry risks
    • Tending of young stands 4-6 m high (to a lower density) (P)
    • Bred (selected) planting material forest regeneration by planting or seeding
    • Afforestation of degraded and non-productive farmlands (P)
    • Forest road network expansion (P)
    • Construction of forest drainage system (P)
    • Forest fertilization (P)

    • Forest pest and disease monitoring maintenance

    • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to CC monitoring system (P)

    • Ministry of Agriculture
    • MEPRD
    • Latvian Farmer Federation
    • Society : Zemnieku Saeima" (Farmers` Parliament)
    • State Plant Protection Service
    • State Forest Service
    • Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava"
    • SC “Latvijas valsts meži” (Latvian State Forests)
    • Forest Owners Society
    • Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment “BIOR”
    • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service
    • Planning regions
    • State budget
    • Rural Support Service
    • EU funds
    • Latvian fisheries fund
    • Municipal budget
    • Insurance
    • JSC “Latvijas valsts meži” (Latvian State Forests)
    • "Riga city forests"
    • Rural Support Service
    • Private

    Tourism and landscape planning

    • Tourism Law

    • Latvian Tourism Marketing Strategy 2010-2015

    • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Strategy 2014-2020

       

    • National long-term Thematic Planning of the Baltic Sea Coastal Public Infrastructure (2016)

    • Latvia`s Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020

    • Integration of CC impacts / risks and adaptation into territory planning documents (P)

    • Building Code adaptation to future CC (P)

    • Detailed assessment of vulnerable to CC landscapes (P)

    • Disaster risk prevention for tourism enterprises and facilities through insurance measures (P)

    • Adaptation strategies for local territories, cities and towns (P) 

    • Development of green and blue infrastructure for flood prevention, retention of tourism infrastructure and value landscape elements (P)

    • Coastal steep cliffs visitors` warning and security event planning (P)

    • Greater cross-sectoral integration between tourism industry, transport and energy sectors in the context of CC (P)

    • Measures for infrastructure resilience maintenance (P)  

     

    • Ministry of Economics

    • MEPRD

    • Ministry of Culture

    • Latvian Tourism Development Agency

    • Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments

    • Local tourism agencies

    • Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences/Latvian (Rural Tourism)

    • Association "Lauku ceļotājs" (Rural traveller)

    • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund

    • Municipal budget

    • Business financing

    • EU funds

     

                Regarding finance instruments / funding available for adaptation purposes, Latvia uses a broad range of financial possibilities: State and municipality funding (funding for adaptation, especially in local regions and municipalities, is earmarked financing named New Policy Initiatives), EU funding (ERDF, ESF, CF, EAFRD, EMFF, Life, Horizon 2020 programme), the European Economic Area (EEA) and the Norwegian Financial mechanism (also for the period 2014-2021), State budget financing through certain funds, e.g. Latvian Environmental Protection Fund (LEPF), Latvian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF) and Rural Support Service.

    [1] Regarding State funding, it is important to take into account that all public resources have to be grouped into three parts: (1) General State budget, (2) Municipal budget, and (3) Specially (earmarked) funds.

    1. Observations and projections

    The Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (LEGMC) has performed a detailed analysis of long term historical climate data and developed climate change future scenarios: http://www2.meteo.lv/klimatariks/zinojums.pdf. For wider public visualization a tool for climate change was developed and is available online: http://www2.meteo.lv/klimatariks/.

    LEGMC is responsible for continuous CC data collection, as well as monitoring extreme events, data storage and analyses on long-term observation results. The Centre prepares reports and provides information to the public, to the State and local governments, and to international organizations. It also provides services for customers, including national aviation, Latvian National Armed Forces, civil protection authorities and energy companies. One of the newest LEGMC products are flood risk management plans and early flood warning systems for the biggest river catchments.

    The LEGMC observation network is established and connected with interactive map where data from equipment processing and meteorological observations is provided. LEGMC is ensuring implementation of the State “Environmental Monitoring Programme 2015 – 2020” which consists of four parts: 1) Air and climate change monitoring, 2) Water (surface and groundwater) monitoring, 3) Land (incl. coastal zone erosion) monitoring, and 4) Biodiversity monitoring.  

    State Fire and Rescue Service of Latvia (SFRS) provide monitoring regarding CC risks on fire safety and firefighting. Forest fires are identified as Latvia`s priority risks due to the importance of forest ecosystems` biodiversity, forest seedlings and the timber industry, significance of forest sector to Latvia`s national economy and amount of forested lands. National Forest Inventory (monitoring) is collecting and analysing data about climatic impacts, growth and yield, species composition, forest types, damage levels.   

    b. Impacts & vulnerability assessments

    The first time when climate and risk identification in the context of policies was performed at the national level was in the “Report on adaptation to climate change”, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers in the August 2008. 

    Significant progress has been achieved starting from 2015, when climate change risk and vulnerability assessment, and cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness assessments for adaptation measures in the most vulnerable sectors were prepared with scientific expertise and methods.
     

    c. Research

    The first National Research Programme, devoted to detailed assessment of climate change impacts, was the programme “Climate change impact on water environment in Latvia” (KALME, 2006-2009). The most valuable outcome from this programme was the Atlas "Processes on the Latvian Coast of the Baltic Sea".

    For the current period (2014-2017) the priorities announced by the Cabinet of Ministers were on CC and adaptation issues related to the newest climate scenarios development, ecosystems` services, and exploration of invasive species. National research programme`s sub-programme “Value of Latvian ecosystem and its dynamics in the influence of climate – EVIDEnT” addresses ten tasks in five projects.

    Main scientific institutions engaged in matters of CC impacts and consequences, cover a wide spectrum of related fields namely: climate change impacts on aquaculture, surface and ground water, inland and Baltic Sea, coastal erosion, ecosystems` services, biotypes and species, flood modelling, modelling of wind fields, wave and current dynamics, forest ecology, entomology, forest monitoring, fish resources, etc. 

    d. Monitoring progress

    Adaptation indicators in sectors as a part of adaptation monitoring system have to be finished in Latvia. For each indicator a detailed metadata sheet was prepared. Some indicators have available data and others- need to be collected in the near future. Another task is to set the certain legal frame of the monitoring system and institutions responsible for data delivery in each sector. It is expected to be included in the national adaptation strategy. Adaptation indicators are going to be included in the new national sustainable development progress measurement system according to the global SDGs 2030.

     

    a. Governance

    As the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia (MEPRD) is the responsible authority for the climate change policy design, elaboration and implementation, all other relevant sectorial policies (legislative acts, policy planning documents) and appropriate measures (often carried out as projects with financial support of national level or EU financial institutions) are harmonized with the MEPRD.

    In the last two years experts from agencies, scientific institutions, ministries, municipalities, business structures and NGOs have participated in many workshops and conferences regarding climate change scenarios, risk and vulnerability assessment, discussions on indicators and adaptation monitoring system, flood risk warning system, spatial and coastal zone planning.  Publications and information with explanation of results and outcomes from European Economic Zone Financing mechanism`s (EEZ FM) programme “National Climate Policy” projects are published and promoted in mass media widely.

    Emergency Medical Service and SFRS provide crisis communication plans and informative materials on preparedness and actions to be undertaken. Plans include provision of planned, coherent and coordinated communications in a crisis and facilitation competence of the officials involved in communication, as well as to raise awareness and educate the population for actions in the event of a crisis. Plans provide implementation of measures in several directions.

    LEPRD Climate Change Department now is working on the development of a climate change platform, expected to be launched in April 2017.

    b. Adaptation capacity, dissemination, education, training

    Due to the availability of funding from EU, Norwegian and EEZ for period 2009-2014 and the upcoming period, many projects are already finished, ongoing or starting regarding CC adaptation research, risks and vulnerability assessment, cost-benefit analysis, education, training, public awareness. Beneficiaries are research institutions, NGOs, State and local authorities, several societal groups and practically - all society. Regarding all type of adaptation knowledge exchange and capacity building Latvian experts have met with Estonian, Norwegian, Hungarian, Finnish, British colleagues in many workshops and discussions.

    In the education system in Latvia, environmental science is mainly run as an interdisciplinary theme and is integrated within the content of various courses as biology, geography, chemistry, physics, natural science and engineering science. New disciplines’ standard projects predict that environmental science and sustainable development issues are included in each course in all levels.  

     Ms. Ieva Bruņeniece

    Senior Expert, PhD cand.

    IPCC National Focal Point

    EU Eionet National Focal Point for Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation

     

    Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia

    Climate Change Department

    Climate Change and Adaptation Policy Division

    Peldu Str.25

    Riga, LV-1494, Latvia

    Phone: +371 67026431

    E-mail: ieva.bruneniece@varam.gov.lv

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