a. Transnational cooperation programme
The Balkan-Mediterranean is a new cooperation programme that addresses the Balkan Peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean Sea together and encourages cooperation across maritime and terrestrial borders. It belongs to the family of the INTERREG V transnational 2014-2020 programmes and forms part of the Cohesion policy of the European Union. It was previously part of the "South East Europe 2007-2013".
The programme 2014-2020 will focus on two thematic priorities and six specific objectives:
1. Entrepreneurship and innovation
1.1.- Competitive territories: stimulating business performance and extroversion through transnational linkages, clusters and networks.
1.2.- Innovative territories: unleashing territorial potential to improve the transnational innovation capacity of the business sector.
1.3.- Territories of knowledge: entrepreneurial learning and knowledge transfer for more competitive SMEs.
2.1.- Biodiversity: taking on the transnational challenge by promoting ecological connectivity and transnational ecosystems' integration.
2.1.- Sustainable territories: fostering transnational cooperation for resource efficiency and climate change resilience.
2.3.- Delivery on environmental legal framework: improving transnational governance capacities.
Adaptation is covered within Specific Objective 2.2 where the programme allows different stakeholders to build up partnerships and deal with the protection of natural and cultural heritage and will accordingly strengthen resource management and climate change resilience. The development of common brands is also foreseen as it creates a favourable environment for sustainable tourism practices.
b. Macro-region linkages
There is no dedicated Balkan-Mediterranean Strategy. However it is recognized that the geographical area overlaps with other macro-region strategies and a brief analysis of these is available.
Assessments and projects
a. Projects funded in 2014-2020
The first call will close on 15 April 2016.
b. Projects funded in 2007-2013
The geographic scope of the new programme is slightly different to the geographic scope of the previous "South East Europe 2007-2013" programme. However, a number of countries from the Balkan-Mediterranean region were involved in these projects and the results may be useful.
The SEERISK project focused on natural hazards and addressed disaster risk assessment and management in the context of climate change.
The OrientGate project aimed to coordinate climate change adaptation efforts. It developed a methodology for assessing risks of climate variability and change, and to harmonise risk assessments and encourage inclusion of climate adaptation knowledge in territorial planning and development.
c. Other policy and assessment initiatives not funded within the Transnational Programmes
The Drought Management Centre for South East Europe (DMCSEE) coordinates development and application of drought risk management tools and policies with the goal of improving preparedness and reducing drought impacts. DMCSEE is co-financed by European Union through South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme and it includes 15 partners from 9 countries.
The Environment and Climate Regional Accession Network (ECRAN) is financed by the EU and managed by the European Commission. It assists the beneficiaries in exchanging information and experience in the fields of environment and climate action in preparation for accession. There are various Climate Action Working Groups and adaptation is number 4. There are two specific tasks being implemented under this working group: Task 4.1: Best practices on adaptation and regional training on vulnerability assessments and Task 4.2: Support for the identification of adaptation options.