You are here: Home / Database / Indicators / Extreme temperatures and health
(u'health_ind', u'obs_scen_urb', u'obs_scen_gen', u'ast0_1')
Original page


Extreme temperatures and health


  • Mortality and morbidity increase, especially in vulnerable population groups, and general population well-being decreases during extreme cold spells and heat waves, as well as above and below local and seasonal comfort temperatures, with different temperature thresholds in Europe.
  • The number of warm days and nights has increased across Europe in recent decades. Heat waves over the last decade have caused tens of thousands of premature deaths in Europe.
  • Length, frequency and intensity of heat waves are very likely to increase in the future. This increase can lead to a substantial increase in mortality over the next decades, especially in vulnerable groups, unless adaptation measures are taken.
  • Cold-related mortality is projected to decrease in Europe due to climate change as well as better social, economic and housing conditions in many countries.

Reference information

EEA - Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012 report


CLIM036, death, heat wave, human health, mortality, temperature, urban environment

Climate impacts

Extreme Temperatures


Observations and Scenarios, Vulnerability Assessment


Disaster Risk Reduction, Health

Geographic characterization


Document Actions