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Forest growth


  • The area covered by forests and other wooded land in Europe (39 EEA countries) has increased for many decades.
  • Forest biomass in the EEA region is also growing, and the average growth rate has increased from 1990 to 2010.
  • In some central and western areas of Europe, forest growth has been reduced in the last 10 years due to storms, pests and diseases.
  • Future climate change and increasing CO2 concentrations are expected to affect site suitability, productivity, species composition and biodiversity, and thus have an impact on the goods and services that the forests provide. In general, forest growth is projected to increase in northern Europe and to decrease in southern Europe.

Reference information

EEA – Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012


CLIM034, drought, forest, phenology, species, vegetation distribution

Climate impacts

Droughts, Extreme Temperatures


Observations and Scenarios


Biodiversity, Forestry

Geographic characterization


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