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Water-limited crop productivity


  • Yields of several crops (e.g. wheat) are stagnating, whereas yields of other crops (e.g. maize in north Europe) are increasing; both effects are partly due to the observed climatic warming.
  • Extreme climatic events, including droughts and heat waves, have negatively affected crop productivity during the first decade of the 21st century, and this is expected to further increase yield variability under climate change.
  • Crop yields will be affected by the combined effects of changes in temperature, rainfall and atmospheric CO2 concentration. Future climate change can lead to yield decreases or increases, depending on crop type and with considerable regional differences across Europe.

Reference information

EEA - Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012 report


CLIM032, drought, farming practices, heat wave, land management

Climate impacts

Droughts, Extreme Temperatures, Water Scarcity


Observations and Scenarios


Agriculture, Water management

Geographic characterization


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