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I4CE - Institute for Climate Economics


I4CE is an initiative of Caisse des Dépôts and Agence Française de Développement. The Think Tank provides independent expertise and analysis when assessing economic issues relating to climate & energy policies in France and throughout the world.

I4CE aims at helping public and private decision-makers to improve the way in which they understand, anticipate, and encourage the use of economic and financial resources aimed at promoting the transition to a low-carbon economy. 


The action focuses on three research programs, addressing the issues faced by economic sectors in the energy and climate transition:

  • Industry, Energy and Climate: understanding policies for the low-carbon transition in the industry and energy sectors
  • Territories and Climate: identifying and analyzing courses of action in the fight against climate change in the agriculture and forestry sectors as well as urban areas.
  • Finance, Investment and Climate: highlighting and analysing the mainstreaming of climate change into financial decision-making by public and private entities

Reference information



adaptation finance

Climate impacts

Droughts, Extreme Temperatures, Flooding, Ice and Snow, Sea Level Rise, Storms, Water Scarcity


Adaptation Measures and Actions, Adaptation Plans and Strategies


Agriculture, Buildings, Energy, Financial, Forestry, Urban

Geographic characterisation


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