Publications and Reports
The Šumava UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, the Czech Republic (2016)
The Central-European mountain range of Šumava (Black Forest, Bohemian Forest) presents one of the most extensive forest landscapes in Central Europe. It is located in the southern part of the Czech Republic and is very important with regard to nature conservation (National Park and Protected Landscape Area). The area is currently challenged by growing occurrence of extreme weather events, bark beetle infestations, intensive tourism and disputes regarding the optimal management regime. This report presents climate change impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity as well as an assessment of adaptation options to reduce such impacts. Several adaptation scenarios for Šumava National Park were tested, their impact on local ecosystem service provision evaluated. To achieve this, a range of different methodologies were used and included participative approaches combined with spatial analysis and ecosystem modeling, together with economic approaches (cost-benefit analysis). The study focused on analyzing potential adaptation needs and proposing suitable ecosystem-based adaptation measures in collaboration with local stakeholders. The aim was to elicit the most strongly perceived effects of climate change at present and in the near future (extreme weather events, water scarcity, altered snow regime) and to address these threats by proposing ecosystem-based adaptation measures suitable for the conditions of a national park (e.g. sustainable forest management, enhancing ecosystem connectivity and resilience, etc.).
Source:EU FP-7 project BASE – Bottom-Up Climate Adaptation Strategies towards a Sustainable Europe