Last update:19 Feb 2018

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National adaptation strategy Approved National Adaptation Strategy
Action plans

National Adaptation Plan (PNACC) is being developed (due in 2016 - The NAP is currently being finalized taking into account the outcomes of the process of public consultation and scientific review).

Sectoral Adaptation Plans are being developed.


    Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments National Vulnerability Assessment National Vulnerability Assessment
    Research programs Established see chapter research.
    Climate services / Met Office Established
    Web portal Established /national platform ongoing Web portal
    Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies Being developed
    Training and education resources Being developed
    National Communication on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Last National Communication Submitted

    a. National Adaptation Framework

    Italian Adaptation Strategy (NAS)

    Following the international and European vision, the Italian Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea (MATTM), in charge of climate change policy, in 2015 has approved the Italian National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change (NAS).

    The Strategy is a tool for encouraging adaptation actions in planning activities at national, regional and local level. After approval by the "State-Regions Unified Conference" on the 30th of October 2014 (14/136/CU6/C5), the NAS was finally adopted on June 2015 with a Directorial Decree of the Climate Change and Energy General Director (DG-CLE) establishing specific objectives to be reached by 31th December 2016.

    In order to elaborate the NAS some background documents have been published

    • an analysis of European and National policy framework for adaptation;
    • a state of the art on the knowledge on climate change, impacts, vulnerability and adaptation for relevant sectors listed in chapter 3.1;
    • elements for a strategy document.


    Italian National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

    The DG-CLE of MATTM, with the support of the Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change (CMCC), has been working on the implementation of the NAS through the development of the Italian National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change (NAP). The NAP represents a national framework for other ministries, regions, local authorities with technical-scientific background information, for the integration of adaptation within policy processes. The NAP is currently being finalized taking into account the outcomes of the process of public consultation and scientific review.


    Regional and Sectorial Adaptation Actions, Strategies and Plans

    At regional level we can report that some regions:

    • have a regional plan or strategy for adaptation (e.g. Lombardia, Emilia Romagna, Autonomous Province of Trento, Valle d’Aosta);
    • recognized the cross-cutting nature of adaptation in their governance model (e.g. Sardegna, Calabria, Puglia);
    • review their regulatory measures (e.g. EIA) and planning tools (e.g. EU Structural Funds) considering adaptation (e.g. Abruzzo, Molise);
    • promote adaptation at local level by facilitating the European Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy programs (e.g. Lazio, Abruzzo).

    Under the European cooperation for regional development programmes (ERDF) f, DG-CLE has coordinated a project to support the regional environmental authorities of four italian regions (Calabria, Sicilia, Campania and Puglia) to implement  the principles of the SNAC in future regional adaptation plans. A report for each region has been released on October 2016. In 2017 The MATTM plans to extend this project to all Italian regions;

     b. Implementation means

    The NAP provides an indication of roles and responsibilities for implementing integrated adaptation actions. It also defines the possible sources of funding and assess the necessary financial and human resources.

    A possible financial resources for adaptation can be obtained from the application of the Directive 2003/87/CE (art. 3) concerning the setting up of the “carbon market” for trading CO2 allowances. The revenues of the auctions can be used, up to the extent of 50% of the total, to support adaptation to climate change impacts.


    c. Schedule and planned review/revision for the NAS and NAP

    The NAP is currently being finalised and it will be updated coherently with the indications of art. 15 of the Reg. UE N. 525/2013.



    a. Priority sectors

    The following 12 sectors, 9 micro-sectors and 2 special cases are considered in NAS and NAP:

    • water resources (quantity and quality);
    • desertification, soil degradation and drought;
    • hydrogeological risk (landslides, flooding and erosion);
    • biodiversity and ecosystems (terrestrial ecosystems, marine ecosystems, inland water ecosystems and transition ecosystems);
    • health;
    • forestry;
    • agriculture, aquaculture, marine fishery;
    • energy (production and consumption);
    • coastal zones;
    • tourism;
    • urban settlements;
    • critical infrastructures (cultural heritage, infrastructures for transport, industry);

    and 2 special cases:

    • Vulnerability assessments for the mountain areas of the Alps and Apennines, and the Po river basin.


    b. Adaptation Actions

    The NAP will provide a set of adaptation actions in order to mitigate and take advantage from climate change for the different areas and sectors. The main adaptation activities implemented till now concern the most vulnerable sectors  as agriculture, water use, forests, human health, flood risk, desertification and drought, coastal areas, biodiversity, tourism, urban settlements.


    c. Good practices

    Recent Life projects in adaptation (2014-2020)

    Life SEC Adapt (Sviluppo Marche S.p.A.): The main objective of the project is to increase the resilience to climate change of some Italian and Croatian municipalities, supporting them to prevent impacts and to define adaptation measures by the implementation of “Mayors Adapt” initiative.

    LIFE DERRIS (GRUPPO FINANZIARIO UNIPOL): the project wants to transfer the knowledge about the evaluation and risk management attached to extreme weather events and natural disasters in private and public sector with the aim to create “resilient companies and public administration”.

    LIFE IRIS (ERVET S.p.A.): the project wants to support  Italian medium and small enterprises of Emilia Romagna Region to become more resilient to extreme weather events and natural disasters.

    LIFE HEROTILE (Industrie Cotto Possagno S.p.A.): the project proposes the production of two typologies of tiles characterized by an increased permeability and by an increased energy performance.

    LIFE PRIMES (Emilia Romagna Regional Agency for Civil protection): the project wants to create the background for resilient communities actively participating to early warning and prevention actions.

    LIFE MASTER-ADAPT (Sardinia Region): MAinSTreaming Experiences at Regional and local level for adaptation to climate change. The project aims to identify and evaluate new multilevel governance tools in order to help regions and local authorities in developing adaptation policies to cope with climate change.


    Public health. Heatwaves - National Department for Civil Protection and the Italian Ministry of Health

    The national Heat Plan is the only climate change related health adaptation measure operational in Italy. The system includes institutional bodies involved in all the phases of the process (Ministry of health, Civil protection, Regional environmental agencies – ARPA, Regional and local health authorities, Local Municipal Social Services, Emergency services – local Civil protection, 118, ER departments; General practitioners, NGOs). Local prevention plans are based on national guidelines defined by the Ministry of Health. Every year, a survey is performed in all cities to collect information on local prevention plans in order to promote a sharing of experiences between local authorities. Helplines and plans are published on the Ministry of health website. Prevention measures are modulated based on the risk level issued by the warning system. During the heat-waves (level 3 warnings) emergency protocols are activated. Details of the Italian heat plan are provided.


    a. Observations and Projections

    A comprehensive observational network covers the Italian territory. The monitoring of climate data is organized and adjusted to set up weather forecasting and for an early warning system. As far as current and recent past climate variability and trends, time series belonging to national and regional monitoring networks (hydro-meteorological networks by Civil Protection, national and regional agro-meteorological networks including the Air Force Meteorological Service) are used to calculate climate indicators over Italy. However, time series have different characteristics in terms of continuity, completeness, spatial coverage and data quality. Trends of mean temperature and cumulated precipitation, as well as their extremes, are updated regularly and disseminated through the SCIA website and annual reports by the ISPRA.

    The NAP will provide climate projections for the period 2021-2050 and 2071-2100 using high-resolution climate models, for two scenarios: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, and describe sectoral vulnerabilities.


    b. Impacts & vulnerability assessments

    The NAS reported a “State of the art on scientific knowledge of impacts vulnerabilities and adaptation of climate” that illustrate in a depth, for national territory, sectors which are affected on future impact of climate change as well as vulnerabilities for Alps and Appennines (see chapter 3.1). The NAP will provide an update of the contents of this scientific knowledge.

    c. Research

    The most recent Research National Program (PNR, 2014-2020) considers “Climate action” one of the main challenges The table below, illustrates the most recent and ongoing national and international research projects in the field of climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation.


    Start date – end date


    Jan 2014 – Jul 2015

    Jan 2013 – Dec 2015

    Jan 2013 – Dec 2015

    Jan 2012 – Dec 2015

    2013 - 2015

    Jan 2012 – Dec 2016

    Jan 2011 – Sep 2016


    Oct 2012 – Sep 2016

    Jun 2014 – Jun 2016

    Jan 2013 – Dec 2016

    Dec 2013 – Nov 2016

    Oct 2013 – Sep 2016

    Dec 2012 – Nov 2016

    Jan 2014 – Dec 2018

    Nov 2012 – Jan 2017

    Apr 2012 – Apr 2016

    May 2013 – May 2017

    Apr 2013 – Mar 2016

    May 2011 – Apr 2015

    Jan 2013 – Dec 2015

    Maximum duration: 36 months (from 2014 onwards)

    Nov 2013 – Oct 2017

    Nov 2012 – Nov 2016

    May 2013 – Apr 2015

    Jan 2015 – Dec 2015

    Nov 2013 – Oct 2016

    Dec 2014 – Oct 2015

    Feb 2011 – Jan 2015


    d. Monitoring progress

    A monitoring system, in order to evaluate progress in implementing the NAS is not yet in place either at national level or at regional level. The NAP will provide guidelines for monitoring the implementation of adaptation actions and their efficiency. Coherence with all the existing monitoring systems at initiatives at national level will be created in close cooperation with ISPRA (National Institute for environmental protection and research) and the Regional Agencies for Environmental Protection (ARPA). Furthermore, some data are available in specific networks as


    Some progress at regional level have been made in implementing the 100/2012 Law (art. 3 bis) on national and regional alert system for hydro-geological risk.

    Through the “Network of Environmental Authorities and Managing Authorities” related to environmental aspects of EU Structural Funds actions an initiative for monitoring adaptation actions included in regional operative program (POR) is currently in course.

    Furthermore, a network for monitoring infrastructural projects to cope with hydrogeological risk is in place.



    a. Governance

    The involvement of stakeholders, at multiple levels, was one of the strengths of the adopted approach, contributing not only to the provision of information for the development of the Italian NAS and NAP but also to raising awareness for the need of efficient adaptation planning.

    For elaborating the Italian NAS was crucial to follow:

    a top down approach:

    • Involvement of the national scientific community – establishment of a Scientific Panel about 100 national scientists and sectoral experts from the National scientific institutions and Universities.
    • Involvement of the relevant Institutional Authorities – establishment of an Institutional Panel of relevant Ministries and National, Regional and Local Authorities.

    a bottom-up approach:

    • Release of a on-line self-assessement ;
    • National public consultations.

    The same approach will be followed in NAP definition. Precisely, to involve institutions in plan definition, the MATTM has established an interregional Panel with the national State-Regions commission for climate change and an inter-ministerial Panel. The aim is to build a ground for adaptation to collect the points of view of all actors involved in NAP and share and evaluate the state of the implementation of adaptation actions at national, regional and local level.

    The inter-ministerial panel wants to share adaptation plan and programs for the different sectors level. The following Ministries participate to this panel and presents their point of view and initiatives on adaptations:

    • Ministry of Economic Development
    • Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies
    • Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport
    • Ministry of Health
    • Ministry of Education, University and Research
    • Ministry of Cultural and Environmental Heritages


    Thanks to the outputs of the interregional panel it was possible:

    • to share the state of the implementation of adaptation actions at national, regional and local level;
    • to evaluate the state of implementation of adaptation strategies and plan at national and regional level;
    • to create a collaborative framework to share best practices;
    • to share the state of knowledge about impacts and vulnerabilities for different sectors of expertise;
    • to be supported and acquire important elements for definition of the integrated adaptation actions for different sectors of expertise.

    To facilitate the multi-level governance process in NAP implementation:

    • it will be established an Italian National Observatory composed by Regional and local stakeholders, to identify priorities at territorial and sectorial level;
    • a “permanent forum”, to promote information, education and public capacity building in adaptation.


    Ministry of the Environment Land and Sea

    Department for Climate and Energy – General Director Mr. Maurizio Pernice

    Via Cristoforo Colombo, 44

    00147 Roma, Italy

    Ms Cristina Tombolini (e-mail:

    Ms Fabiana Baffo (e-mail:

    Ms Clara Pusceddu (e-mail:


    Research Institutes:

    Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA)

    Via Vitaliano Brancati 48

    00144 Roma, Italy


    Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change (CMCC)

    Viale Aldo Moro 44

    I-40127 Bologna, Italy



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