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Last update:Aug 19, 2019

Report in Latvian
Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy

 

National adaptation plan
  • Adopted
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments


  • Completed
  • Completed
Research Programmes
  • Completed
  • Completed
  • Completed
Meteorological observations
  • Established
  • Established
Climate Projections and Services
  • Established
CC IVA portals and platforms
  • Established
  • Established
Monitoring, indicators, methodologies  
  • Being developed
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last report on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National communication to UNFCCC
  • Last National Communication Submitted

A draft ‘Latvian National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change until 2030’ (CCA Plan) for inter-ministerial coordination and public consultations was published on December 13, 2018. Latvia is actively working to improve the CCA Plan and expect for it to be adopted in the meeting of Cabinet of Ministers during the first half of 2019. The CCA Plan aims to reduce the vulnerability of people, economy, infrastructure, construction and nature to the impacts of climate change (CC) and to promote the use of opportunities created by CC.

Meanwhile the direction of CC policy in Latvia is defined in Environmental Policy Guidelines for 2014 – 2020. The general climate policy objectives under the section No. 6 ‘Climate’ are defined as follows:

  1. to provide contribution of Latvia to prevention of global climate change by taking into account Latvia’s environmental, social and economic interests, and
  2. to promote Latvia’s preparedness for adaptation to CC and its impacts.

The civil protection system, which includes risk assessment and prevention, disaster management of all natural extremes in all sectors and governmental levels is included in the Civil Protection and Catastrophe Management Law (2016). Currently Latvia is developing the new State Civil Protection Plan and Risk Mappings (expected to be completed in March, 2019), based on risk assessments and scenarios, including on CC.

Risk assessment and prevention is increasingly taken into account in national planning, which links CC risk assessment, prevention and adaptation and civil protection much more tightly. According to Civil Protection and Catastrophe Management Law (2016) and its subordinate Cabinet of Ministers regulations the civil protection commissions of 36 municipal cooperation territories have to develop their own civil protection plans that includes indicated risks, scenarios, matrices, mapping, prevention, preparedness, response and recovery measures for each risk.

Flood risk management plans have been elaborated for all territories under significant flood risk.

Insurance system is an important adaptation tool regarding weather extremes or disasters and is developing rapidly in Latvia. Insurance schemes regarding natural disasters deals with agriculture and forestry (based on PPP principle), business (trade, commerce) and individuals.

Priority sectors have been identified in the CCA Plan. However, as its interinstitutional coordination is ongoing and a final agreement on its content has not been reached yet, in the following table a summary is provided based on the 6 areas wherein impacts and vulnerability assessments have been performed.

Regarding finance instruments / funding available for adaptation purposes, Latvia uses a broad range of financial possibilities: state and municipality funding (funding for adaptation, especially in local regions and municipalities is earmarked financing named New Policy Initiatives), EU funding (ERDF, ESF, CF, EAFRD, EMFF, Life, Horizon 2020 programme), the European Economic Area (EEA) and the Norway Financial mechanism (also for the period 2014-2021), State budget financing through certain funds, e.g. Latvian Environmental Protection Fund (LEPF), Latvian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF) and Rural Support Service.

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

Sectors

Policy instruments / initiatives

Key responsible / involved institutions

Main Funding /
financial
resources /
mechanisms

Health and welfare

  • Public Health Policy Guidelines of Latvia 2014-2020
  • State Disaster Medical Plan (updated every year) 
  • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Guidelines 2014-2020
  • Environmental Protection Law
  • Early warning systems on heatwaves
    in cities (P)
  • Ministry of Health
  • State Emergency Medical Service
  • Food and Veterinary Service
  • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service
  • Ministry of Environmental Protection and RegionalDevelopment (MEPRD)
  • State budget
  • Municipal
    budget
  • Insurance
  • EU funds

Civil protection and emergency planning

  • Civil Protection and Catastrophe Management Law
  • Civil protection plans (updated every year)
  • State Disaster Medical Plan (updated every year)
  • Flood risk management plans for 2016-2021
  • Law on Water Management
  • Latvia`s Environmental Policy
  • Ministry of the Interior
  • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service
  • State Emergency Medical Service
  • LEGMC
  • MEPRD
  • Municipalities
  • State budget
  • Municipal budget

Building and infrastructure, including critical infrastructure (energy, transport, water) planning

  • Construction Law
  • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Building Code review (P)
  • Road Traffic Law
  • Regulations ‘On Requirements for state and local government road maintenance and everyday control on fulfilment’
  • National Reform Programme for the implementation of the ‘EU2020’ strategy
  • Energy Law
  • National Security Law
  • Revision of legislative acts regarding critical infrastructure (P)
  • Revision of policy planning documents and legislative acts regarding adaptation to CC monitoring system (P)
  • Ministry of Economics
  • MEPRD
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Road Administration
  • LEGMC
  • Municipalities
  • State budget
  • Municipal budget
  • Business
  • EU funds
  • Insurance
  • Climate Change Financial Instrument
  • Latvian Environmental Protection  Fund

Biodiversity and ecosystem services

  • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Guidelines 2014-2020
  • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Law on Particularly Protected Nature Territories
  • ‘Latvia`s Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020’
  • Habitats management programmes (P)
  • Small dispersed wetlands creation and maintenance (P)
  • MEPRD
  • Nature Conservation Agency
  • Environment State Bureau
  • Planning regions
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • State budget
  • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund
  • Municipal budget
  • Rural Support Service

Agriculture, fishery and forestry

  • Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020
  • Law on Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Forest Law
  • Forestry and related industries development strategy 2015-2020
  • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Guidelines 2014-2020
  • Nature protection plans
  • Afforestation of degraded and nonproductive farmlands (P)
  • Construction of forest drainage system (P)
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • MEPRD
  • Latvian Farmer Federation
  • Society : Zemnieku Saeima’ (Farmers` Parliament) 
  • State Plant Protection
    Service
  • State Forest Service
  • Latvian State Forest
    Research Institute 'Silava’
  • SC ‘Latvijas valsts meži’
    (Latvian State Forests)
  • Forest Owners Society
  • Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment ‘BIOR’
  • The State Fire-fighting and Rescue Service
  • Planning regions
  • State budget
  • Rural Support Service
  • EU funds
  • Latvian fisheries fund
  • Municipal budget
  • Insurance
  • JSC ‘Latvijas valsts meži’ (Latvian
    State Forests)
  • 'Riga city forests’
  • Rural Support Service

Tourism and landscape planning

  • Tourism Law
  • Latvian Tourism Marketing Strategy 2018-2023
  • Latvian Tourism Development Guidelines 2014-2020
  • Latvia`s Environmental Policy Guidelines 2014-2020
  • National long-term Thematic Planning of the Baltic Sea Coastal Public Infrastructure (2016)
  • Latvia`s Rural Development Programme of Latvia 2014-2020
  • Detailed assessment of vulnerable to CC landscapes (P)
  • Disaster risk prevention for tourism enterprises and facilities through insurance measures (P) 
  • Adaptation strategies for local territories, cities and towns (P)
  • Development of green and blue infrastructure for flood prevention, retention of tourism infrastructure and value landscape elements (P)
  • Measures for infrastructure resilience maintenance (P)
  • Ministry of Economics
  • MEPRD
  • Ministry of Culture
  • Investment and Development Agency of Latvia (Tourism Department) Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments
  • State budget
  • Latvian Environmental Protection Fund
  • Municipal budget
  • Business financing
  • EU funds

 


(P): planned policy instruments and initiatives

Regarding State funding, it is important to take into account that all public sources have grouped into three forms: (1)
general State budget, (2) municipal budget, and (3) specially (earmarked) funds.

Observations and Projections

Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (LEGMC) has performed a detailed analysis of long term historical climate data and developed CC future scenarios (until 2100). For wider public the visualization of the CC scenarios is available online in the CC Analysis Tool. CC Analysis Tool allows to explore current and projected future climate scenarios in Latvia in the form of maps and graphs. Maps display 30 year average values of the selected climate indices.

LEGMC is responsible for continuous CC data collection, as well as monitoring extreme events, data storage and analyses of long-term observation results. LEGMC prepares reports and provides information to the public, to the State and local governments, and to international organizations. It also providesservices for customers, including national aviation authorities, Latvian National Armed Forces, civil protection authorities and energy companies.

LEGMC has developed flood risk management plans and early flood warning systems for the biggest river basins. Flood risk information system and maps are published online. 

LEGMC observation network is established and connected with interactive map where data from meteorological observations is provided. LEGMC ensures implementation of the State ‘Environmental Monitoring Programme 2015 – 2020’which consists of four parts:

  1. air and climate change monitoring,
  2. water (surface and groundwater) monitoring,
  3. land (incl. coastal zone erosion) monitoring, and
  4. biodiversity monitoring.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

In Latvia assessments have been done on primary and secondary impacts of CC, risks and vulnerability, which include also cost – benefit analysis for adaptation measures, indicators and draft for the monitoring system. The analyzed sectors are as follows:

  1. biodiversity and ecosystem services;
  2. forestry and agriculture;
  3. tourism and landscape planning;
  4. health and welfare;
  5. building and infrastructure planning;
  6. civil protection and emergency planning.

Assessments include consideration of:

  1. historical CC impacts from 1961 and future scenarios until 2100,
  2. risk and vulnerability assessment,
  3. identification of adaptation measures and cost–benefit analysis,
  4. identification of adaptation indicators,
  5. engagement of stakeholders, determination of their responsibilities.

Research

Several research projects devoted to CC impacts and CC adaptation have been carried out. The public data base has been developed to ensure that information about research is collected and available for the public. Updating of the data base is in progress. Main scientific institutions engaged cover a wide spectrum of areas namely: CC impacts on aquaculture, surface and ground water, inland and the Baltic Sea, coastal
erosion, ecosystems` services, biotypes and species, flood modelling, modelling of wind fields, wave and current dynamics, forest ecology, entomology, forest monitoring, fish resources, monitoring of harmful organisms etc.

Monitoring Progress

Latvia has developed a framework for adaptation monitoring system. The target of the CC adaptation monitoring system is to evaluate CC in Latvia, to collect and accumulate CC impact indicators of the economic sectors and data describing adaptation capacity of these areas, as well as
to promote the selection and improvement of appropriate adaptation measures. The collection of the adaptation indicators in sectors is in progress.

Another task is to develop specific legislation to implement requirements as described in the adaptation monitoring system and to identify institutions responsible for data delivery in each sector. 

Adaptation indicators are included in the national sustainable development progress measurement system according to the United Nations SDGs 2030 (source: Latvian Report on the implementation of sustainable development objectives).

 

Governance

Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia (MEPRD) is the responsible authority for the CC policy in Latvia. MEPRD has established an expert group on adaptation and inter-institutional working group on adaptation. Both groups have been actively contributing to the development of the CCA Plan.

Experts from agencies, scientific institutions, ministries, municipalities, business and NGOs have participated in many workshops and conferences regarding CC scenarios, risk and vulnerability assessment, discussions on indicators and adaptation monitoring system, flood risk warning system, spatial and coastal zone planning. Publications and information with explanation of results and outcomes from European Economic Area Financing mechanism`s (EEA FM) programme ‘National Climate Policy’ projects are published and promoted in media.

State Emergency Medical Service and SFRS provide crisis communication plans and informative materials on preparedness and actions to be undertaken. Plans include provision of coherent and coordinated communications in a crisis and facilitation competence of the officials involved in communication, as well as to raise awareness and educate the population for actions in the event of a crisis. Plans provide implementation of measures in several directions.

Knowledge

With the support of funding from the EU, Norway Financial mechanism and EEA many projects have been concluded regarding CC adaptation risks and vulnerability assessment, costbenefit analysis, education, training, public awareness. Beneficiaries are research institutions, NGOs, State and local authorities, several societal groups and society. Regarding all type of adaptation knowledge exchange and capacity building Latvian experts have met with colleagues from different European countries in many workshops and discussions.

In the education system of primary and secondary schools in Latvia, environmental science is mainly run as an interdisciplinary theme and is integrated within the content of various courses as biology, geography, chemistry, physics, natural science and engineering science. New disciplines’ standard projects predict that environmental science and sustainable development issues are included in each course in all levels.

Environmental Policy Guidelines for 2014 – 2020 pays significant attention to education, training and public awareness issues. Improving the environmental education system at all levels and increasing of public involvement in solving environmental issues at national and local municipality levels has been highlighted as one of the priority horizontal issues. Guidelines indicate that information on CC and adaptation does not correspond to the specific interests and needs of different groups of society, therefore one of the priority measures is to inform and educate public on CC and adaptation.

Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia
Climate Change Department

Inese Pommere-Bramane

Climate Change and Adaptation Policy Division
Peldu Str.25, Riga LV-1494, Latvia

Tel. (+371) 67026544

 

[Disclaimer]
The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries