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Last update:Aug 08, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted
National Adaptation Plan
  • Adopted
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Completed
  • Completed
  • Completed
Research programs
  • Currently being undertaken
Meteorological observations
  • Being developed
Climate projections and services
  • Established
CC IVA portals and platforms
  • Being developed
Monitoring, indicators, methodologies
  • Established
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National Communication to the UNFCCC
  • Last National Communication Submitted

 

Adaptation Strategies

Lithuania adopted a "Strategy for National Climate Management Policy 2013-2050" (hereinafter referred to as the Strategy) in November 2012 . This is an integrated strategy which covers both adaptation and mitigation issues and includes implementation considerations. The purpose of the Strategy is to develop and implement the Lithuanian climate change management policy and set short-term (by 2020), indicative medium-term (by 2030 and 2040) and long-term (by 2050) climate change mitigation and adaptation goals and objectives. The Strategy consists of sections accordingly dedicated to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The strategic goal of Lithuania's climate change adaptation policy as determined by the Strategy is to reduce vulnerability of natural ecosystems and domestic economic sectors by implementing measures for maintaining and increasing their resilience to climate change and ensuring favourable conditions for social life and economic activities. The short-term climate change adaptation goals and objectives as set by the Strategy are categorized by the following sectors: agriculture, soil; forestry, ecosystems, biodiversity, landscape; water resources; energy, transport, industry; and public health, and also include cross-sectoral goals and objectives. Following guiding principles of the Strategy sectorial ministries, municipal and other institutions within their remit are responsible for mainstreaming climate goals and objectives into sectoral strategies and programmes and implementing related measures in Lithuania. To implement the Strategy, on 23 April 2013 the Government approved the Interinstitutional Action Plan on the implementation of the goals and objectives for 2013-2020 of the National Strategy for Climate Change Management Policy. Action Plan indicates what financial resources are dedicated for the implementation of the measures and defines the implementing institutions. Assessment criteria and values are also established in the Action Plan. Following the Strategic planning methodology approved by the Government, the plan is prepared for the three years period and is updated annually by adding one more year. In 2018 an Action Plan with measures for 2017-2019 was adopted by the Resolution No 147 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.

Implementation means

The implementation of the Strategy is funded from the funds of the state budget of the Republic of Lithuania, municipal budgets, EU and international organizations and other sources. Currently implementation of the Plan is coordinated by the Ministry of Environment. The Ministries of Finance, Energy, Transport and Communications, Economy, Education and Science, Agriculture and the Interior, as well as municipalities, the Research Council of Lithuania, state research institutions and universities, companies, entities, organizations and other persons participate in the implementation of the measures within their competence and allocating funds for their implementation of the measures. While drawing up sectorial development programs, interinstitutional action plans or other planning documents for their respective management areas, the ministries shall mainstream the targets and objectives for climate change mitigation and adaptation set out in the Strategy, in order to provide for specific measures to implement those targets and objectives and to ensure close inter-institutional cooperation.

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation

The assessment criteria directly related to implementation of the climate change adaptation goals and objectives of the Strategy in 2020 are established in the Action Plan. The criteria used to monitor, measure and verify progress are quantitative. State and municipal institutions provide the Ministry of Environment with the information about the progress by submitting annual activity reports. These institutions also report on planned measures that could be included in the Action Plan. Every two years, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania prepares a report on the implementation of the Strategy to the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania. The outcomes of the monitoring, reporting and evaluation scheme will feed into further development of the Action Plan and the update of the Strategy.

Schedule and planned review/revision

Update of the Strategy aiming to set legally biding adaptation to climate change goals and objectives for the period 2021-2030 and aspirational target and objectives till 2050 and beyond is planned by the end of 2019. As of 2020 the Interinstitutional Action Plan will be incorporated in an integrated national energy and climate plan (hereinafter - NECP) for the period of 2021-2030.

 

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

List the country's vulnerable policy sectors and adaptation action identified in the Strategy and addressed in Action plan: agriculture, soil; forestry, ecosystems, biodiversity, landscape; water resources; energy, transport, industry; and public health, and also include cross-sectoral goals and objectives like warning system and disaster risk management.

Climate change studies show that the most vulnerable part of Lithuania is the Baltic Sea region, therefore the implementation of adaptation measures in this region is highly relevant. Climate change will also affect other regions and such sectors as water resources, landscape, ecosystems and biodiversity, ambient air quality, public health, waste management, forestry and agriculture.

The municipalities are responsible for coordinating the regional adaptation work and supporting local actors in their adaptation work. Several municipalities developed adaptation action plans to improve adaptive capacity and infrastructure resilience.

Mainstreaming of adaptation

The National Climate Change Committee is responsible for both climate change policy development and its implementation, and represents the established coordination mechanism between different governance levels as not only national institutions are involved, but also municipalities, science and non-governmental organisations. Cities in the framework of the Covenant of Mayors are coordinated by a non-governmental Association of Local Authorities in Lithuania, which ensures cooperation and knowledge exchange of municipalities and national institutions.

Nevertheless, multiple climate change prevention, mitigation and adaptation actions are foreseen in several related strategical documents, i.e. the rural development program, National Climate Change Management Policy Strategy and others.

A national risk assessment was conducted from autumn 2012 until spring 2013.

The Fire and Rescue Department under the Ministry of Interior has coordinated the performance of the Lithuanian national risk assessment. This assessment comprises the evaluation of all threats in Lithuania, including also the threats caused by climate change. An update has been conducted in 2018

 

Observations and Projections

Air temperature observations in Lithuania started in 1770 in Vilnius University. More than 240 years of observations gives a good insight into natural and anthropogenic causes of climate variability. The Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service under the Ministry of Environment (LHMS) is responsible for meteorological (including agrometeorological, aeronautical and marine) and hydrological observations and forecasts. The website of LHMS contains information on climate change. In addition, it provides records on extreme events, related to temperature, rain fall, wind speed, snow fall, etc. Moreover, LHMS provides warnings on dangerous and catastrophic hydro-meteorological phenomena, sudden weather changes, ozone layer depletion, etc. Measures improving the observation of climate and ensuring the implementation of the Strategy, are already planned and being implemented. This includes, among others, increasing capacities of the LHMS observation network, renewing measurement equipment of automatic agrometeorological stations network and solar ultraviolet radiation, developing satellite climatology. Climate projections for 21st century are based on outputs from numerical climate models in Lithuania. Having in mind that recent climate change is caused by human activities, future climate projections are made according to the scenarios of social-economic development. They reflect the human population, economic growth and the greenhouse gas emissions caused by this development. Vilnius University provides projections of the major climate parameters for the territory of Lithuania in the 21st century. Outputs of 24 climate models were taken for the territory of Lithuania according to the RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0 and RCP8.5 scenarios up to 2100. Projections were made for two periods: firstly, for the near-­term future, which covers the period from 2016 to 2035, and, secondly, for the long­-term period (2081-2100). Modelling of climate change projections scenarios for Lithuania and its regions was finalized in 2015.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

In 2014 risk assessment and vulnerability to climate change was evaluated in the sector of public health, cost-efficient measures and indicators were proposed. The study identifying the climate change threats to human health including the recommendations  in Lithuania. In 2015 a study identifying the vulnerability to climate change of the individual sectors, risk assessment and opportunities to adapt to climate change, the most efficient adaptation measures and evaluation indicators was accomplished. The study focuses on the following sectors: spatial planning, transport, energy, waste management, industry, agriculture, underground water resources, ecosystems and biodiversity, fisheries, forestry, tourism and others. The reports are available via the websites of the Ministry of Environment. Per sector there is a detailed analysis on the sensitivity, vulnerability and potential risk for the sector due to climate change, the impacts, experience in other European countries, adaptation to climate change, options and criteria for measuring the effectiveness of adaptation in the sector.

Research

A large number of research institutes and universities carry out research on climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation in Lithuania: marine and inland water management and protection, climate change in peatlands, energy sector development research, adaptation to climate change and human health, sustainable forestry and global changes, resistance of plants to drought and cold etc. The main research centers in the area of the adaptation to climate change are the The Environmental Protection Agency, the Institute of Ecology of Nature Research Centre, the Lithuanian Geological Survey, Vilnius, Siauliai and Klaipeda Universities. The Geoscience Institute at Vilnius University actively participates in research activities in relation to climate change. Other institutions related to research development in the area of the adaptation to climate change in Lithuania are the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, the National Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (NLRCAF), Nature research center and others. The Research Council of Lithuania approved a new list of the National Research Programmes in 2013: Modernity in Lithuania; Welfare society; Towards future technologies; Healthy aging; Sustainability of agro-, forest and aquatic ecosystems. One of the five National Research Programmes approved by the Research Council of Lithuania in 2013 provides competitive funding for research in a climate change research field. The National Research Programme "Sustainability of agro-, forest and aquatic ecosystems", approved by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania started in 2015 and is expected to end in 2021. The researches related to the UNFCCC implementation issues are concentrated mostly on the Lithuanian climate analysis and projections. Climate change impact scenarios for different economy sectors are prepared.

Monitoring progress

The assessment criteria directly related to implementation of the climate change adaptation goals and objectives of the Strategy in 2020 are established in the Action Plan. The criteria used to monitor, measure and verify progress are quantitative. State and municipal institutions provide the Ministry of Environment with the information about the progress by submitting annual activity reports. These institutions also report on planned measures that could be included in the Action Plan. Every two years, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania prepares a report on the implementation of the Strategy to the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania. The outcomes of the monitoring, reporting and evaluation scheme will feed into further development of the Action Plan and the update of the Strategy. 

 

Governance

The Lithuanian Ministry of Environment is the main coordinating institution responsible for development all of climate change mitigation and adaptation policy and its implementation, transposing the EU climate policy legislation and advising for other institutions on integrating climate policy objectives and concerns into sectors which are not under the responsibilities of the Ministry of Environment. Other Ministries, municipal and other institutions within their remit are responsible for the mainstreaming of climate goals and objectives into sectorial strategies and programmes and implementing related activities in Lithuania. The Strategy is developed by the Ministry of Environment. The implementation of the Strategy is carried out by the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Agriculture and municipal and other institutions within their remit. The implementation of the Strategy is coordinated by the Ministry of Environment. In addition, the goals and objectives of the Strategy are implemented by cross-sectorial policies, such as the National Progress Programme for 2014-2020, the National Sustainable Development Program and specific economic sectors development programmes or short-term planning documents. The Action Plans are prepared by the Ministry of Environment and endorsed by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. State and municipal institutions engaged in the implementation of the Strategy provide the Ministry of Environment with information about the progress in implementing the Strategy and its Action Plan by submitting annual activity reports. Every two years, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania accounts for the implementation of the Strategy to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania by preparing and presenting a report on the implementation of the Strategy. The approaches applied for the implementation of the Strategy and its Action Plan ensure the horizontal as well as vertical coordination - Governmental and municipal institutions responsible for the implementation of the concrete measures are identified in the Action Plan. Also horizontal and vertical coordination of the implementation of adaptation policy is ensured through the work of the National Climate Change Committee. The Committee consists of experts from government, municipal, science and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and has an advisory role. The main objective of the Committee is to advise on the development and implementation of the National climate change management policy. The Committee also has a role on promotion of the implementation of the provisions of the UNFCCC and coordinates compliance with the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol and the EU legal acts related to the UNFCCC. Stakeholders are also involved in the preparation of adaptation policies. Stakeholders have possibilities to review and to provide comments and proposals regarding the draft legal acts as they are made publically available during their preparation. In order to develop sectorial e. g. public health, agriculture, biodiversity, coastal management, river basin management programs and select measures as well as indicators for the evaluation targeted working groups with stakeholders involved are being created.

Knowledge

In the Strategy the education and awareness raising are identified as a field related to formation of both policies - climate change mitigation and adaptation. Measures related to public awareness raising and education are foreseen in the Action Plan. As the result of the implementation of the Action Plan is an establishment of a System on public conveyance about climate changes, its threats on public health. The system regulates a course for collection of information, analysis, and preparation of reports and organization of information provision. A concept of threats of climate change includes changes of solar radiation, heat, frost, development of bloodsucking pests and etc. Climate-related information is available on the website of the Ministry of Environment and websites of other sectorial ministries, e. g. the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, etc. A special web portal for the coordination of the mitigation and adaptation to climate change information possessed by different public, municipal and non-state institutions and involvement them into climate policy development and implementation will start in the middle of 2019. Ensuring a systematic gathering and dissemination of climate change information to various interest groups and the public is among the main objectives concerning adaptation defined in the Strategy. There are no specific institutions or departments dedicated to ensuring the coordination between science and policy-makers. However, there are some examples of scientific institutions working closely with policy-makers on certain elements of climate adaptation policy. There is a significant margin for improvement in this area. The society education and awareness rising in the field of environment protection and climate change is secured through periodically organized conferences, TV programs and radio discussions that advocate principles of sustainable development. Awareness and public discussions are directed towards both, rising of environmental self-consciousness among businesses companies and education of population. The main initiators of such activities are the Ministry of Environment, educational institutions and NGOs. The Communication Division of the Ministry of Environment plays an important role in the information dissemination and public involvement. Climate change legislation, announcements, up-to-date information and organized events are presented to the society on the website of the Ministry of Environment. The Ministry of Health has some information and material on adaptation-related issues, such as the information on the impacts of extreme temperatures. Also every year they have training's for health specialists about adaptation to climate change in health sector. In 2016-2017 Lithuania´s municipalities participate in the project: "Climate change mitigation and adaptation at the local level". The main goal of the project is to strengthen the capacity of Lithuanian municipalities in the climate change management and adaptation. During the project methodological guidance for municipalities "Climate change mitigation and adaptation guidelines for municipalities" was prepared. The municipalities are responsible for coordinating the regional adaptation work and supporting local actors in their adaptation work. Several municipalities developed adaptation action plans to improve adaptive capacity and infrastructure resilience.

International dimensions

The Strategy of National Climate Change Management Policy sets targets and objectives in the most vulnerable sectors (agriculture, forestry and biodiversity conservation, water resource management, energy, transport, industry, public health, etc.) which are relevant to transboundary cooperation. The transboundary cooperation is invoked responding to the needs to address common challenges with relevant countries. Lithuanian non-governmental and academic institutions are also quite active in various regional projects being implemented in the area of adaptation to climate change. In these projects the adaptation options to be applied at local level are analysed and elaborated. Lithuania has been active within the Baltic Sea Region Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan. The transboundary cooperation in flood risk management is organized within the framework of already existing intergovernmental agreements between Lithuania, Latvia and Poland to cooperate and exchange information and data in environmental fields. The transboundary cooperation is also ensured through implementation of the four River basin management plans.

 

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

Chief specialist

Judita Liukaityte-Kukiene

Climate change management group

A. Jaksto g. 4/9,

LT-01105 Vilnius, Lithuania

Tel. (+370) 5 2663661

Mail judita.liukaityte@am.lt 

Website http://am.lrv.lt/ 

[Disclaimer]
The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries