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Last update:Aug 08, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted
  • Adopted
  • Adopted
National Adaptation Plan
  • Being developed
  • Being developed
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Completed
  • Completed
  • Completed
Research programmes
  • Currently being undertaken
  • Currently being undertaken
  • Currently being undertaken
  • Currently being undertaken
Meteorological observations
  • Established
Climate Projections and Services
  • Established
  • Established
  • Established
  • Established
  • Established
CC IVA portals and platforms
  • Established
  • Established
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies
  • Established
  • Established
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National Communication on the UNFCCC
  • Last National Communication Submitted

 

Adaptation Strategies

A Strategic Framework for Climate Policy was adopted in 2015, through the Resolution of the Council of Ministers No.56/2015. It sets out the vision and objectives of national climate policy, reinforcing the commitment to develop a competitive, resilient and low-carbon economy, contributing to a new development paradigm for Portugal. This framework includes the National Programme for Climate Change 2020/2030 (2020/2030 PNAC), addressing mitigation goals and action, and the current National Adaptation Strategy (ENAAC 2020). The previous NAS was adopted in 2010 and had as one of the main outcomes a progress report that highlighted the work performed by the different sectoral groups and coordination, identifying main vulnerabilities and proposals of adaptation measures in most cases. The strengths and weaknesses identified in this progress report were properly addressed in the preparation of the current NAS. With this revision there was a focus on better articulation between the domains (particularly the cross-cutting ones) and on the implementation of adaptation measures, along with mainstreaming in sectoral policies. Three main goals guide the NAS:

  1. Improve the level of knowledge about climate change: basis for the development of the strategy, focusing on the need for research, collect information, consolidate, and communicate accordingly to the target audience.
  2. Implement adaptation measures: integrates the prioritization of measures, in harmony with the concerns of the spheres of science, policies and civil society, through benchmarking and participatory mechanisms. Additionally, the identification of funding mechanisms is addressed to support the implementation of adaptation measures.
  3. Promote mainstreaming of adaptation into sectoral policies: the development of adaptation is guided towards its mainstreaming into sectoral policies and territorial management instruments setting a more effective framework. This approach also must rely on proper monitoring mechanisms in order to centralize the progress on adaptation policies.

It is worth noting the three relevant strategic instruments contributing to each of these objectives

  • the Research & Innovation Agenda for Climate Change,
  • the Programme on National Spatial Planning Policy, and
  • the NAP.

These three instruments were prepared in articulation with the NAS framework and are scheduled to be published in 2019. In this way, addressing the NAS objective for knowledge improvement, a Research & Innovation Agenda for Climate Change has been developed through a process led by the Foundation of Science and Technology and APA where the NAS's Scientific Panel (see more about this structure on the governance section of the heading "Engaging stakeholders") had a vital role on its drafting. This process also assured the articulation with the NAS sectors on the identification of needs and knowledge gaps.

Regarding the objective of mainstreaming of adaptation, the revision of Programme on National Spatial Planning Policy (PNPOT) is in final stage of approval. This government law proposal is a territorial development instrument of strategic nature that establishes the great options with relevance to the organization of the national territory, consubstantiates the framework of reference to be considered in the elaboration of other Territorial Management Instruments, and constitutes an instrument of cooperation with the other MS for the management of the territory. Right from the beginning the revision of PNPOT gave particular attention to the Paris Agreement. As a consequence throughout the report and the action programme of PNPOT aspects of integration of the effects of climate change on the territorial systems are visible.

Particularly aiming the NAS objective of implement adaptation measures, a NAP is being prepared (in final stage of political approval) where eight adaptation action lines are defined with direct intervention in the territory and infrastructures, and another complementary line of action of transversal character. These actions aim to respond the main impacts and vulnerabilities of the national territory. Furthermore, its identification resulted from the screening and prioritization of the various adaptation measures listed in sectoral, municipal and inter-municipal planning exercises.

The NAP operationalization is assured through two parallel approaches to foster adaptation action, one for the short term (by 2020) and another for the medium term (by 2030). For the short term approach the NAP will constitute a guideline for the purpose of mobilization of the existing financing instruments. As for the medium term approach, the NAP will also constitute a guideline but for the purposes of:

  • supporting policy-setting exercises and policy instruments;
  • definition of references for financing instruments;
  • promotion the implementation of structural actions to reduce the climate change vulnerability of the territory and economy; and
  • structuring and supporting cross-cutting actions.

Regarding the sub-national level both autonomous regions of Azores and Madeira have their own regional strategies in place dealing on adaptation issues. For the Azores case, a regional plan is planned to be approved in 2019 in order to operationalize the regional strategy on climate change. Additionally, there is a significant trend on capacitation of municipalities and inter-municipalities into adaptive management through local adaptation strategies and/or plans. See more information on subnational level in section "Engaging Stakeholders: participation and capacity building" / "Governance".

Implementation means

At the governance level, the means of implementation within the NAS rely essentially on the own resources affected by each of the public entities involved in the coordination of thematic areas and sectoral WG, and as members of the coordination group and of the Scientific Panel. Although limited, the means available allow the implementation of very significant soft initiatives for each of the NAS objectives, such as the Research & Innovation Agenda for Climate Change, the National Spatial Development Policy Programme, and the NAP. Many other initiatives are developed under the NAS supported by the own resources of the entities involved.

The ambition of each NAS thematic area and sectoral WG are regularly stated on the Biennial Implementation Plans of the NAS according to their available resources. Nevertheless certain typologies of measures and actions need proper financing mechanisms to be implemented. In this way one of the thematic areas of the NAS deals specifically with this aspect having the objective to "focus on the prioritization and articulation of funds and available means for coherence adoption of the options and adaptation measures required to implement the NAS". Some of the issues addressed include the development of funding mechanisms and selection criteria for applications. The first financial mechanism addressing adaptation was AdaPT Programme (EEA Grants 2009-2014 and Environmental Fund) which was built based on the needs identified on the first NAS progress report. It was of great relevance as it focused on strategic areas, covering a website for climate scenarios, development of local adaptation strategies and training of local officers, integration of climate change in schools activities, and development of small scale sectoral projects. Other mechanisms of relevance are

  • the Common Strategic Framework 2014-2020 (ERDF; ESF; CF; EAFRD; EFMAF),
  • Horizon 2020,
  • LIFE,
  • EEA Grants 2014-2021 and
  • the national Environmental Fund.

The Common Strategic Framework is implemented at national level by several national Programmes (Portugal 2020) with the Operational Programme on Sustainability and Resource Use Efficiency (PO SEUR) and the Rural Development Programme (PDR 2020) standing out as the most significant in matters related to adaptation action.

At transnational level is worth noting the Transnational Operational Programme for Madeira-Azores-Canary Islands. Within the EEA Grants 2014-2021 the Environment Programme was launched in 2019 with an intervention area dedicated to increase resilience to climate change, through strengthened adaptation at local level, vulnerability assessment updated for territorial focus, and management of Ceira river Basin adapted to a changing climate. Also at national level there are calls launched by the Environmental Fund that aim to support environmental policies such as on adaptation to climate change, with special focus on actions for coastal areas and water resources.

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation

The operationalization of the NAS is essentially based on the Biennial Implementation Plans which aggregate the planned actions of the NAS thematic areas and sectoral WG. In the end of each biennium an interim report is published covering the progresses made considering the contents on the Biennial Implementation Plans. Two interim reports were published (2015-16 and 2017-18) and an evaluation and final report is planned to be published in the end of 2020. This last report will be an important input to guide the revision of the NAS. These monitoring, reporting and evaluation activities are covered within the activities of the thematic area financing and implementing adaptation. One of its objectives is precisely the establishment of effective reporting mechanisms, namely in the context of international obligations. It is within this thematic area that activities such as reporting to the UNFCCC and to the European Commission are held.

In the NAP it is planned to establish a monitoring system with measurable indicators of two kinds: achievement and outcome. The achievement indicators are intended to measure the level of implementation of the proposed actions. These indicators are based on the monitoring framework and respective targets of the financial mechanisms that support the Lines of Action of the NAP. The outcome indicators are largely derived from current sectoral planning instruments and aim to measure the contribution of the NAP, directly or indirectly.

Schedule and planned review/revision

The revision of the NAS is scheduled for 2020.

      The sectors addressed, particularly in the first NAS, were based on the ones that were object of the comprehensive multi-sectoral national climate change impacts and vulnerabilities assessments undertaken in 2002 and 2006 by the SIAM projects. Later on, on the current NAS, additional sectors such as economy, transports and communications, and sea were also considered due to their relevant vulnerability to climate change.

      Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

      The reflective process during the first stage of the NAS (2010-2015) has involved specific stakeholders and experts for each of the sectors which resulted, in many cases, in an exhaustive collection of key action areas and adaptation measures published in sectoral reports. This was the case for the following sectors addressed then:

      • agriculture and forests,
      • biodiversity,
      • energy,
      • forests,
      • water resources and
      • coastal zones.

      In some cases, such as the biodiversity sector, targets and means of verification of the implementation of measures were set, as well as the factors that may condition positively or negatively their achievement. Unfortunately, limited progress on other sectoral groups was also observed, such as industry, tourism, safety of people and assets and spatial planning, due to the availability of resources and skills which reduced the depth of the assessments conditioning the quality of the final products.

      On the revised NAS (2015-onwards), the difficulties and gaps were conveniently addressed. The introduction of 6 cross-cutting thematic areas (research, financing, international cooperation, communication/dissemination, spatial planning and water resources) in the governance structure provided the common ground where the sectoral groups improve articulation. There are 9 priority sectors:

      • agriculture,
      • biodiversity,
      • economy,
      • energy,
      • forests,
      • health,
      • safety of people and assets,
      • transports and communications,
      • coastal areas/sea

      with responsibilities on:

      • Improvement of impacts and vulnerability assessments;
      • Prioritization of adaptation measures;
      • Engagement of relevant stakeholders;
      • Mainstreaming adaptation in their sectoral policies.

      The following section provides an overview of the progresses on each of the sectoral groups.

      Agriculture

      The agriculture sector has stablished a framework on adaptive management by preparing the Programme AGRI_ADAPT 2020 covering:

      1. the identification of gaps in the impacts, measures and policy instruments,
      2. identification of best practices to address these gaps,
      3. definition of actions to be developed until 2020.

      Additionally, studies were promoted leading to the publication of "Guidelines for the sustainable management of soil (agricultural and forestry)" (2018). Some of these studies are still underway such as the "Assessment of water needs for the agricultural sector (agriculture, livestock and agribusiness) in the context of climate change" and "Development of a national soil information system".

      Biodiversity

      The adaptation strategy of the biodiversity sector adopted within the previous NAS remains the framework on adaptive management for the sector. This strategy is well articulated with the financing mechanisms by being explicitly referred to its adaptation actions as a typology of eligible operation within the POSEUR - Operational Programme for Sustainability and Efficient Use of Resources (Cohesion Fund).

      Economy (industry, tourism and services)

      The progresses on the economy sector are mainly registered on the sub-sector tourism. The Tourism Strategy 2027 contributes by increasing the energy and water efficiency in the sector. In articulation with this strategy, an action plan for the sustainability of the tourism sector is in the final stages of preparation. This action plan includes a specific measure on "climate change management in tourism", where it promotes the assessment of impacts and vulnerabilities and identification of adaptation and mitigation measures.

      Energy

      The energy sector also relies on the report produced within the previous NAS in spite of the initiatives to reassess the work developed. The progresses on knowledge improvement on climate change covered aspects such as the identification of impacts in the energy supply sector, the use of climate sensitivity in modeling of energy demand and scenario building of the national energy sector, and the preparation of a database of academic literature and reports related to climate change and energy.

      The evolution of the energy supply sector, although triggered mainly by concerns about security of supply and mitigation of climate change, is convergent and consistent with the adaptation objectives. In this way, the implementation of adaptation measures is being assured by various energy policies and instruments.

      Forests

      The framework stablished within the previous NAS for the forest sector is still active. Some adjustments were made on the list of adaptation measures and the indicators to monitor the implementation of measures were reviewed. In this way, an adequacy assessment was held to grasp the identification and adjustment of dysfunctional measures, and to define new measures to address gaps. The adaptation measures and actions implemented in this context find financial support within the scope of rural development, the structural funds, the permanent forest fund and regular budget.

      Health

      The health sector published a report within the scope of the first stage of the NAS, where the effects of climate change were systemized in the following domains:

      • extreme thermic events,
      • water,
      • air,
      • disease transmitting vectors,
      • food and
      • extreme hydrological events.

      However instead of identifying an exhaustive collection of adaptation measures the report established the link to the implementation of certain plans and programs addressing environmental conditions influenced by climatic phenomena with impacts on public health. In relation to the other sectors, the approach on the adaptive management for health has followed a different pathway: through decentralization. Recently the Regional Health Administrations prepared their own adaptation strategies where the main impacts on health and vulnerabilities of the health services and infrastructures, and respective adaptation measures were identified.

      Safety of people and assets

      The sector safety of people and assets is coordinated by the National Authority of Civil Protection and works alongside with the Subcommittee of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. Besides the common responses of disaster risk reduction, the working group safety of people and assets has contributed to NAS with the publication of three manuals of best practices: one dedicated to flood risk management, other one dedicated to risk prevention and management /resilient cities in Portugal 2016, and one on critical infrastructures resilience.

      Additionally, among other measures, it's worth noting the elaboration of risk cartography at municipal level and the reinforcement of risk-related monitoring and alert systems.

      Transports and communications

      By being a new sector in the revised NAS the adaptation framework still needed to be established. In 2017, the preliminary diagnosis for the transport sub-sector which set the basis for the ongoing preparation of the document "adaptation of the transport sector to climate change", was elaborated. This document will systematize relevant information, identify adaptation priorities and plan adaptation actions. As for communications, the forest fires of 2017 led to intensive work within this sub-sector focusing on protection measures and resilience of electronic communications infrastructures.

      Coastal areas / sea

      In the previous NAS, the sub-sector coastal areas was partially addressed in the sectoral adaptation strategy for water resources. Meanwhile, the framework of measures and actions was updated constituting a reference for implementation. Several of these actions have been implemented within the POSEUR. The National Strategy for the Sea 2013-2020 identifies the areas of intervention and presents the action plan that includes the programs to be implemented and developed with the objective of economic, social and environmental valuation of the national maritime area. On the action plan the strategic domains of development were identified including actions and projects with expected effects in the context of climate change.

      Mainstreaming on adaptation

      One of the 3 main objectives of the NAS is precisely mainstreaming of adaptation in sectoral policies including spatial planning, planning and territorial management instruments. The level on how adaptation is being mainstreamed varies from sector to sector. The sector agriculture registers a significant number of policies and instruments with synergies with adaptation both in terms of delimitation of vulnerable areas and identification of adaptation measures. However most of these policies and instruments still are not supported by climate projections.

      As for biodiversity, the Sectoral Adaptation Strategy’s orientations have been integrated in biodiversity and nature conservation policies and other policy documents. The sector has adopted a framework for the climate validation of plans and programs, which allows diagnosing the extent to which programs integrate biodiversity adaptation to climate change, improving the outcomes of the mechanism for strategic environmental assessment of plans and programs.

      The energy sector addressed mainstreaming of adaptation by producing the "Guide to Climate Validation in the Energy Sector" providing guidelines for sectoral plans, legislation and regulations.

      On the forests sector 2 strategic instruments cover adaptation, by including specific objectives and corresponding measures, these are the National Strategy for Forests (2015) and the National Strategy for Nature Conservation and Biodiversity (2018). Additionally, the Regional Programmes for Forest Planning, currently being elaborated, will integrate climate scenarios and will reflect the implications of climate change.

      Regarding the health sector there are several public health programmes contributing to adaptation, namely Contingency Plans for Adverse Extreme Temperatures, Contingency Plans of Seasonal Health, and the Vector-borne Diseases Prevention Programme. It’s worth noting that the Algarve Health Regional Administration has been assuring the integration of adaptation by issuing technical-sanitary opinions and participating in advisory committees within the processes of development of territorial management instruments.

      For the sector safety of people and assets it’s highlighted the approval in 2017 of the National Strategy for a Preventive Civil Protection where resilience is promoted in alignment with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, Paris Agreement and the NAS.

      The sector coastal areas has approved in 2017 the Action Plan Coastline XXI which considers the global processes in place due to climate change and prioritizes the actions for each part of the coastline. The Action Plan constitutes itself the reference for the planning of interventions to be realized under the different policies and instruments for coastal areas management. Furthermore, the territorial management instruments that regulate the coastline are now being revised incorporating aspects of climate change in its methodology to define the safeguard buffer strips.

          Observations and Projections

          The Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute (IPMA) is the entity responsible for carrying out the observations for meteorological and climatological purposes. IPMA has the responsibility for deployment, exploration and maintenance of the country network of meteorological stations; it is also responsible for archive and quality control of weather observations. Additionally, the Portuguese Environment Agency keeps the records of the historical marks of floods and of its network of meteorological and hydrological monitoring stations, this data is available on SNIRH - National System of Information on Water Resources. Additionally IPMA launched OBSERVAR - a platform of voluntary cooperation where private individuals can associate their own meteorological stations and report the occurrence of severe weather events. Furthermore, climate extremes are available.

          As part of the active provision of climate services at global scale, IPMA is integrating in its mission concerns the collection and exchange of climate data, as well as research and creation of climate information products for distribution to more differentiated users. Under the guidance of Global Framework, IPMA already established protocols and data exchange between meteorological services and other organizations, in addition to product development and service delivery, driven by a desire to improve access and benefit of the users of climate information. With this purpose and following a policy of gradual opening of weather information to civil society is underway in IPMA the creation of products and services tailored to the needs of users, which will be integrated into its webpage. Some of the services already provided are the drought monitoring and the fire risk index. Another example is the reference source of information for Portugal's future climate, a user-friendly platform that provides climate indicators in climate change scenarios based on CORDEX data. This climate portal has more than 40 climate variables available on the website aggregated in the following groups:

          • temperature,
          • precipitation,
          • wind speed,
          • relative humidity,
          • global radiation,
          • temperature range,
          • drought index,
          • aridity index,
          • evapotranspiration,
          • fire risk index and
          • climate classification.

          Additionally, the National Authority of Civil Protection has a national database on disaster response and losses since 2006 and publishes that information on the yearbooks of civil protection events.

          Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

          The SIAM (Climate change in Portugal. Scenarios, impacts and adaptation measures) projects (2002 and 2006) were the most comprehensive multi-sectoral national climate change impacts and vulnerabilities assessments for Portugal. The studies were based on future climate scenarios and associated effects on a number of socio-economic sectors and biophysical systems including hydrological resources, coastal areas, energy, forests and biodiversity, fishing, agriculture and health. A sociological analysis of climate change in Portugal was also performed.

          Besides other less comprehensive assessments of the impacts & vulnerability, it must be highlighted the Progress Report of the previous NAS (APA, 2013) that was produced by the coordination group of the NAS. This report compile the impacts and vulnerabilities of the sectors, the barriers for adaptation, and the adaptation measures. It summarized the conclusions of the sectoral reports produced within the scope of the previous NAS, some of which counted with sectoral stakeholders engagement initiatives.

          At sub-national level it is important to highlight the Adaptation Strategy of the Autonomous Region of Madeira and the significant trend of development of Municipal and Intermunicipal Adaptation Strategies and Plans. The information contained in Madeira's Regional Adaptation Strategy such as climate projections and sector vulnerabilities can be easily accessed on a dedicated website. The Municipal and Intermunicipal Adaptation Strategies and Plans are also important mainly because of two aspects. First because at intermunicipal level they cover almost all the national territory, and second because of their recent elaboration (some still are ongoing). This assures the integration of the latest findings on knowledge on climate change impacts and vulnerabilities assessments in an adjusted manner according to the geographical scope of the strategies and plans. Furthermore it is planned a pre-defined project under the Environment Programme (EEA Grants 2014-2021) dedicated to the vulnerability assessment to climate change, updated for territorial focus.

          Research

          The NAS has a thematic area dedicated specifically to research and innovation in order to promote the national science and knowledge in relevant areas for a coherent implementation of the NAS. This thematic areas is jointly coordinated by APA and the Portuguese public funding agency, Foundation for Science and Technology. This has a positive effective by improving the interface on science and policy by having a representative entity for each of these domains as coordinators of the thematic area. One of the areas of intervention of the thematic area is the development of a national agenda with priorities for research, innovation and demonstration in adaptation, which may include the development of a national thematic research programme, including the definition, launch and evaluation of calls for research proposals in this area. Within this scope it is being prepared a Research and Innovation Agenda on Climate Change, to be published in 2019.

          Although Portugal has never had a specific research programme dedicated to Climate Change, over the past decade, the Foundation for Science and Technology, has launched calls for research proposals in all scientific domains, including Climate Change. Additionally the Horizon 2020 is a very important source for funding adaptation research projects. The following European adaptation projects are presently being implemented with Portuguese partners:

          • Bingo (Bringing INnovation to onGOing water management) - A better future under climate change
          • RESCCUE (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas) - a multisectorial approach focusing on water
          • PLACARD (PLAtform for Climate Adaptation and Risk reDuction)

          The research on adaptation was also focused within FP7 project CIRCLE-2, a European network of 34 institutions from 23 committed countries to fund research and share knowledge on climate adaptation and the promotion of long-term cooperation among national and regional climatic change programs. CIRCLE-2 produced a searchable European InfoBase of Climate Adaptation projects (this database is not exhaustive), which contained a total of 132 adaptation research projects in Portugal.

                Governance

                The implementation of the NAS (ENAAC 2020) is supported by a Coordination Group presided by the Portuguese Environment Agency (APA), and composed of the coordinators of the thematic areas and of the sectoral working groups, as well as the representatives of the Autonomous Regions of Azores (RAA) and Madeira (RAM) and of the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities (ANMP). In this way, the coordination group brings together the central administration bodies which in turn engage their specific sectoral stakeholders. The NAS governance includes also mechanisms of coordination across administration levels within two perspectives: first by having the subnational administration (RAA, RAM and ANMP) representatives as elements of the NAS Coordination Group, and second by having a thematic area dedicated to spatial planning with the main objective of mainstreaming adaptation in Territorial Management and Policy Instruments at all scales relevant to a coherent implementation of the NAS.

                Six cross-cutting thematic areas have been identified:

                1. research and innovation;
                2. financing;
                3. international cooperation;
                4. communication / dissemination;
                5. spatial planning; and
                6. water resources.

                The work developed under these thematic areas is essentially undertaken by the nine priority sectors that constitute the basic units of work of the NAS, under the coordination of APA and other relevant bodies of each thematic area. This framework is backed up by two other structures: the Scientific Panel and the Interministerial Commission on Climate Change, Air Policy and Circular Economy (CIAAC). The Scientific Panel guarantees the engagement of the scientific community and can provide knowledge-based support to the coordination group. The political support is essentially guaranteed by the CIAAC, a structure created for the monitoring of climate policy and sectoral policies with an impact on national goals in the field of air and climate change, taking into account the synergies between these two themes.

                Transboundary cooperation is addressed within the thematic area international cooperation. One of its ongoing tasks is the execution of the project LIFESHARA (LIFE15 GIC/ES/000033 - Sharing Awareness and Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change in Spain) that has one action focusing on the establishment of a cooperation framework between the units of adaptation to climate change in Spain and Portugal in order to identify risks, vulnerabilities, priorities and common actions.

                Relevant progresses are observed addressing adaptation at sub-national level.

                The two autonomous regions have their own regional strategies. Azores strategy addresses climate change as a whole, integrating both adaptation and mitigation. This strategy will be operationalized through a Regional Plan for Climate Change (currently in approval stage), which includes a detailed study on impacts and vulnerabilities and identification of adaptation measures in various sectors. The Strategy of Adaptation to Climate Change of Madeira explored the observed climate and climate scenarios for different time horizons, assessed the sectoral impacts and vulnerabilities, defined adaptation measures and establishes a governance framework for implementation and monitoring.

                A significant part of the territory is covered with Adaptation Plans at municipal and intermunicipal level. In general, each intermunicipal area have the respective association of municipalities working on this issue. These progresses rely on the replication of the work realized under the project ClimAdaPT.Local (concluded in 2016) which marked the start-up of sub-national adaptive management at large scale. In this project several training events for local officers led to the development of 27 Local Adaptation Strategies. The project provided guidance manuals that support almost all sub-national adaptation strategies in place and in preparation. The project gained a significant political dimension that promoted the establishment of a National Network of Municipalities for Adaptation to Climate Change. Among other activities, this network has been organizing Annual Seminars on Local Adaptation with the purpose to share experiences. Furthermore the municipalities involved in the Campaign Making Cities Resilient are very active in public education to enhanced awareness of risk and protective measures. Besides the local governments, most local authorities are involved in campaigns to improve resilience and awareness, particularly regarding forest fires, floods and heat waves.

                Knowledge

                Several tools and mechanisms are in place to assure knowledge transfer, capacity building and communication. Most of these are provided as outputs of key projects and initiatives. A National Platform of Adaptation is planned to be developed to systematize all the relevant information in this context. The Autonomous Region of Madeira published a website where all the information contained in its Regional Adaptation Strategy can be easily accessed, including cartography for climate scenarios and for sectoral vulnerability variables.

                A climate portal was published to provide climate indicators in climate change scenarios, a key tool for any initiative to assess vulnerabilities. This user-friendly platform gathers around 40 climate variables, based on CORDEX climate change projections, with multiple information depending on the climate normal and scenarios, time period, geographic areas (NUTS1, 2 and 3), statistics (30-year average or anomalies), global models and regional models. Being this information available in a user-friendly format allows for any project to make a proper characterization of climate variables, considering climate change scenarios, in any part of mainland Portugal's territory.

                Another reference platform is the adaptIS collaborative platform for the adoption of adaptation measures which constitutes a database solution to collect and disseminate adaptation measures, case studies and tools. As mentioned above, the project ClimAdaPT.Local was crucial for capacitation of local and regional authorities on adaptive management. The training events focused essentially on the different phases needed to prepare a Local Adaptation Strategy, including vulnerability assessment, usage of climate change scenarios, identification of adaptation options and prioritization, along with stakeholders involvement. All of this support was translated into guidance manuals for assessing vulnerability and for adaptation planning. Despite the focus of ClimAdaPT.Local on municipalities its outputs can be widely used by other types of adaptation practitioners.

                Furthermore, the NAS governance assures the interface between science and policy. This concern is addressed through the Scientific Panel and the thematic area dedicated to research and innovation. The Scientific Panel is presently constituted by 20 scientists with recognized experience in different areas related to, among others, climate change, environment, risk management or public policies. This structure aims to advise and provide scientific support to the activities of the NAS, including the support and advising to the Coordination Group, and also it aims to follow the progress of NAS implementation and to suggest improvements. As for the thematic area "research and innovation" the interface between science and policy is assured by promoting national science and knowledge in relevant areas for a coherent implementation of the NAS. Within the scope of the research and innovation thematic area, there is ongoing work to prepare an Agenda for national priorities of research and innovation on Climate Change, developed by the Scientific Panel, under the joint coordination of the Foundation for Science and Technology and APA. The Agenda will be finalized and published in 2019, after contributions from the sectors and civil society, thus identifying priorities and needs for research in the field, to guide future scientific programs.

                Regarding public awareness on issues of adaptation to climate change it is important to note the relevance of the project ClimAdaPT.Local, described above, which had significant media coverage throughout its implementation, both in national and in local media. This was also a key aspect to incite the involvement of the local and regional authorities and engaging political decision-makers. Another initiative held within this project with clear benefits on public awareness was the workshop for journalists about climate change. The increased quality of the news that were produced and disseminated by journalists after the completion of the workshop was notorious.

                Education on climate change has also been focused in some projects and initiatives. The project Clima@EduMedia seek innovative approaches for teaching and learning content related to climate change in the areas of mitigation and adaptation. The project involved 30 pilot schools and was designed around the subject of school media in order to explore climate change issues. It included several activities such as training on the use of media to communicate science, educational materials with tutorials for teachers on how to introduce media contents for climate change awareness, workshops and labs for collaborative content production, online platform for experience sharing and a final contest for schools to present their best ideas for mitigation and adaptation of climate change.

                International dimensions

                Until 2016 the geographical priorities of the Portuguese cooperation in the field of climate change were focused on the PALOP (Portuguese-speaking African countries) countries and Timor-Leste, all of whom belong to the group of the most vulnerable countries (Least Developed Countries, Small Island Developing States and/or in Africa). This priority is also in line with the strong focus of the Portuguese Official Development Assistance (ODA) on the Least Developed Countries and Fragile States.

                From 2012 until 2016 the annual bilateral ODA figures range from 0, 87M USD (in 2012) to 3,43M USD (in 2014). These figures relate to funding of projects whose primary objective was climate change adaptation as well as projects which belonged to other areas but included activities that contribute to reducing the negative impacts of climate change and increasing resilience of the economies where they were carried out.

                In its efforts to strengthen its work on fighting climate change and reinforcing resilience, Portugal is involved, together with other EU Member States, in the implementation of projects in the form of delegated cooperation (on behalf of the EU). In this respect, Portugal has been implementing in Timor-Leste since 2013, together with GIZ and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), the EU support programme for Climate Change, which aims at contributing to the sustainable well-being of rural communities in Timor-Leste and strengthening the capacity of people living in selected sub-districts and vulnerable to climate change to address the effects of climate change through the sustainable management of natural resources and the improvement of their life choices by using local development mechanisms. The beneficiaries are MAF Timor-Leste and small primary producers (including agricultural livestock husbandry).

                  APA, Portuguese Environmental Agency

                  APA has the mission to develop the public policies for the environment and sustainable development

                  José Paulino

                  Head of unit of adaptation and monitoring

                  Rua da Murgueira, 9/9A – Zambujal, Ap. 7585 - 2610-124 Amadora, Portugal

                  Tel. +351 214728200

                  Mail jose.paulino@apambiente.pt

                  Website http://www.apambiente.pt/

                   

                   

                  [Disclaimer]
                  The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries