Choose a country:
Romania
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United-Kingdom

Last update:Aug 19, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted
National Adaptation Plan
  • Adopted
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Adopted
  • National Guide on Climate Change Effects
  • Sectoral Plan for research and Development
  • "Agriculture, Food, Forestry and Rural Development" developed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
  • Development for the period of 2006-2010- MAKIS
  • CLAVIER
  • CECILIA
  • Information system for agricultural management consulting in areas vulnerable to nitrate pollution under the Nitrates Directive on the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources
  • CLIMHYDEX
  • VULMIN
  • National Risk Assessment – RO RISK
Research programs
  • Currently being undertaken; completed
Meteorological observations
  • Established
Climate projections and services
CC IVA portals and platforms
  • Established
Monitoring, indicators, methodologies
  • Defined
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
  • 2019 submission
National Communication to the UNFCCC
  • Last National Communication Submitted

In Romania, the central competencies within the field of climate change adaptation are assigned to the Ministry of Environment, through the Climate Change and Sustainable Development Directorate.

The Government policy on climate change is assisted by the National Commission on Climate Change, set up as an advisory body in 1996 and updated in 2006 in order to provide equal and consistent implementation of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol throughout the country. The National Commission on Climate Change comprises representatives from nine ministries and one NGO with competencies in climate change. Some of its tasks are to:

  • periodically review the progress of Romania's Climate Change Strategy,
  • consider the opportunity for new or updated policies and measures under the National Action Plan on Climate Change,
  • identify the needs for international technical cooperation and financial assistance for actions and targets on climate change, and
  • consider the proposals for project developments under the Kyoto Protocol and recommend for approval by the central environment authority.

More specifically, in 2007 the European approach on adaptation determined the formal establishment of the Working Group on climate change adaptation with representatives from all key sectors: ministries, research institutes, and NGOs. During 2010-2011, through interviews and preparation of the National Climate Change Strategy, this working group was enlarged by recruiting new institutions and specialists. They contributed effectively through their experience and responsibilities with the national climate change efforts.

The first National Climate Change Strategy, drawn up in 2005 and approved by the Governmental Decision (no 645/2005), was related to the 2005-2007 period. Climate change adaptation issues were highlighted separately in the chapter "Impact, Vulnerability and Climate Change Adaptation," which briefly detailed the effects of climate change adaptation on the following sectors: agriculture, forestry, water management, and human settlements.

Adaptation Strategies

In response to the EU Green Paper "Adapting to climate change in Europe - options for EU action," in 2008 the Ministry of Environment and Forests developed the Guide on the adaptation to the climate change effects approved by Ministerial Order (no 1170/2008).

This guide provides recommendations on measures that aim to reduce the risk of the negative effects of climate change in 13 key sectors as follows: agriculture, biodiversity, water resources, forests, infrastructure, construction and urban planning, transportation, tourism, energy, industry, health, recreational activities, and insurance.

In July 2013 the Romanian Government adopted Romania's National Climate Change Strategy (2013-2020) through the Governmental Decision no. 529/2013. This document establishes the post Kyoto objectives, targets and actions for both components of mitigation and adaptation.The adaptation component from the National Climate Change Strategy 2013-2020 aims to provide an action framework and guidelines that are to enable each sector to develop an individual action plan in line with the national strategic principles. The adaptation component addresses 13 sectors: industry, agriculture and fisheries, tourism, public health, construction and infrastructure, transport, water resources and flood protection, forestry, energy, biodiversity, insurance, recreational activities, and education.

Implementation means

The implementation of the strategy is the responsibility of the Government, under the coordination of the Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forests (MEWF). However, public administration authorities at every level are responsible for the results of measures to mitigate the effects of climate change (CC) in each sector, with regard to flood protection, quality of life, vulnerability of transport and energy networks; and to analyze and implement their own climate change related measures, actions and policies according to their responsibilities, where necessary. During its preparation, the idea behind the adaptation component was to identify and develop the priority actions to be set down and integrated into the planning process of sector development envisaged through close cooperation between stakeholders. Nevertheless, an appropriate implementation of the current national strategy on CC is rather difficult since cross-sector priorities are rather provided as a catalogue, with no clear schedule of measures and indicators assessing and developing a national action plan. Thereby, the review and update of the strategy's objectives arose as a necessity.

Along this line, the Government of Romania, through the MEWF, agreed with the World Bank on a two-year program to provide advisory services on climate change, operationalizing its current national climate change strategy. While both mitigation and adaptation areas hold equal weight in the operationalized strategy, the relevant improvements regard the completion of the strategy by the end of 2015, and complementing the strategy with an action plan with identifiable actions, timelines and indicators along various climate P&Ms.

Therefore, in October 2016, the Romanian Government adopted the new strategy, developed through an ESIF funded project with the advisory support from the World Bank. Governmental Decision no. 739/2016 was set approving the National Climate Change Strategy based on low-carbon economic growth and the Climate Change National Action Plan for 2016-2020.  

The main objective of the new Strategy is to mobilize and enable private and public actors to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from the economic activities in line with EU targets and to adapt to climate change impacts, both current and the future. The Strategy will guide Romania's climate and low-carbon development actions by 2030, representing an update and extension of the previous 2013-2020 National Strategy on Climate Change.

There are also various other existing strategies of specific relevance to climate action in the ARD sector.

A total of 8 measures were programmed in the National Rural Development Program (NRDP) for Romania 2007-2013 that are targeted at, or directly relevant to, climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the transition to a low-carbon economy. The total financial allocation to these 8 measures was 6,399.1 million EUR.

In addition, the National Strategy on Drought Effects Mitigation, the Action Plan for Addressing Nitrate Pollution from Agricultural Sources, and the National Plan for Irrigation Rehabilitation and Reform are among the key plans that are relevant for addressing climate change implications in water related sectors.

Several other strategies or action plans complementing the NAS are:

  • National strategy for the prevention of emergency situations,
  • National Strategy for Flood Risk Management in the medium and long term (GD no. 846/2010),
  • River Basin Management Plans (for the 11 River Basins of Romania) elaborated by National Administration "Romanian Waters,"
  • Master Plan Coastal Protection and Restoration,
  • National Strategy for investments in the irrigation sector, and
  • National strategic guidelines for the sustainable development of disadvantaged mountain area (2014 - 2020).

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

The adaptation component of the climate change strategy addresses 13 sectors: industry, agriculture and fisheries, tourism, public health, construction and infrastructure, transport, water resources and flood protection, forestry, energy, biodiversity, insurance, recreational activities, and education. For five of them – agriculture and rural development, forestry, water, urban, and transport, the World Bank delivered rapid assessments within the OPERA-CLIMA project reports, which contain adaptation measures recommended for implementation through ESIF 2014-2020.  

Key identified legislation or policy instruments or initiatives (sectoral, territorial planning) to integrate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation considerations (adopted or planned):

The Flood Risk Management Plans (FRMP) - adopted through Government Decision no 972/2016. The Plans include measures (nonstructural and structural); special attention will be given to the following aspects:

  • Establishing the early warning and communication system (see WATMAN - phase 2) and FRMPs,
  • Identifying and mapping the areas exposed to the flash-floods,
  • Safeguarding retention areas in local and regional planning,
  • Restoring and maintaining the functions of the natural retention areas,
  • Limiting developments in flood-prone areas, and
  • Developing analysis and adaptation measures for critical water management infrastructure (dams, dykes, water supply systems) in the context of the CC.

NRDP – Package 5

The 2014 – 2020 National Rural Development Programme (NRDP) – a programme through which non-repayable EU and Romanian Government funding is awarded for the economic and social development of the rural area in Romania.

Links between the climate change adaptation and disaster risk management policies

The institutional mandate for the coordination, prevention and management of emergency situations lies with the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (GIES), part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. All institutions are mandated to share information about the occurrence of natural hazards with GIES. In case of an emergency, GIES coordinates and works with a wide variety of stakeholders, including local municipalities, fire departments, and medical emergency services, as well as the police. GIES is currently in the process of assessing and updating all risk information in the country, including climate-related risks.

GIES has implemented RO-RISK "Support to fulfill the ex-ante conditionality 5.1. – risk assessment at national level." The project has developed a unique risk assessment methodology for periodic national risk assessment.

The methodology is based on  an integrated approach to (natural, biological, technological) risk assessment, and its objective is both to assure a common framework for the analysis of sectoral risk assessment, and to provide information regarding the types of risks on the Romanian territory, by its application to all of these risks. The risk assessment will be followed by the preparation of risk management plans at the sectoral level.

The climate risks that have been taken into account in this project include floods, droughts and forest fires. The final report of the project contains a detailed description of these risks and the methodology.

Good practice:

A risk analysis and screening approach for climate change mitigation and adaptation options - "Report on the analysis and risk assessment mitigation and adaptation actions and options in key policies" - was delivered to the Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forests as milestone in preparing the Romanian Climate Change (CC) action plan project.

Conclusions

Worrying aspects with regard to preparedness, resilience or climate change adaptation:

  • Finding funds for future investments in flood protection,
  • Community awareness,
  • Uncertainty quantification for climate changes aspects,
  • Community involvement in emergency situations and supporting activities for authorities,
  • Less resilience leading to higher socio-economic consequences ("floods hit the poor people"),
  • Need for non-structural measures (small non-permanent reservoirs and polders, etc.) or lack of maintenance on existing hydraulic works, and
  • Need for improving the hydrologic monitoring network.

Other lessons:

  • Better cooperation among the local involved institutions,
  • Efficiency of an adequate early warning system for localities, and
  • Efficiency of mobile/inflatable dikes during emergency situations.

Main actions taken to adapt to climate change with regard to flooding:

  • Improving monitoring, flood forecasting and warning;
  • Increasing awareness of flood risk among the exposed population;
  • Dams and dikes safety, taking into consideration the increasing frequency of floods;
  • Improving forecasting for reliable, high anticipation time and time needed for emergency management and reducing social vulnerability, especially for flash-floods;
  • Preparing the public and drastically improving the efficiency of emergency management; and
  • Reducing the technological risks and hazards, taking into consideration better operation of dams for flood mitigation.

Improvements in technology to make a difference in preparedness, response and recovery for future floods:

  • The safety degree of the hydraulic engineering structures will be increased by automatic stations with sensors that increase the safety degree of dams, and automatic sensor stations that measure the snow layer and gauging stations for inflow discharges, intakes and diversions;
  • Software and hardware for coordination and control during hydraulic structures operation;
  • Automated stations with sensors that monitor water quality; and
  • A new Decision Support System (DSS) for integrated water management, created to support decision centers in flood management.

Ways to make a difference:

  • The accuracy and sensitivity of dam monitoring will be developed;
  • Instrumented monitoring to provide long term, consistent records of data, allowing the detection of subtle trends of the dams; and
  • The collection of instrumentation data will be automatised and will allow monitoring on a more frequent (near real time) basis. Automated monitoring systems can be used to initiate alarms notifying dam monitoring personnel of sudden changes in the instrument data values due to normal or extreme loading conditions such as earthquakes and flooding.

Key future adaptation actions at national/regional/local government levels to raise resilience to future flooding in a changing climate:

  • Utilizing measures to control leakage and soil erosion on slopes and through programmes to combat soil erosion, torrential correction, ecological restoration and the establishment of protective forest screens in agricultural, forestry and natural areas;
  • Implementing programmes for leakage control in urban areas through temporary reservoirs and sewage networks;
  • Defining a common approach to flood risk management in transboundary river basins; and
  • Creating an efficient flood insurance and compensation system.

Key future adaptation actions at the business and community level to raise resilience to future flooding in a changing climate:

  • Defining norms and rules of construction in areas exposed to flooding (permits, construction control),
  • Organizing flood defense and evacuation exercises, and
  • Informing, consulting with, and educating the population at risk of flooding to reduce vulnerability and build their collective resilience to flooding.

Observations and projections

Within the National Administration Romanian Waters (NAW), there is active a national hydrological network, based on which the surface water resources are monitored daily and in real time (890 hydrometric stations on inland rivers). The National Institute for Hydrology and Water Management (NIHWM) elaborates short, medium and long term hydrological forecasts and warnings, and also monthly hydrogeological forecasts and trend estimations. In more detail, the quantitative monitoring of water resources is executed at the national level by the National System of Hydrological and Hydrogeological Watch (NSHHW).

One of the important projects underway is the WATMAN project information system for integrated water management. WATMAN is a nationwide project that aims to set a proper infrastructure base at the national level for Flood prevention and Reduction of the destructive consequences of floods and pollution generated by floods.

The system for integrated water management developed by UTI for the Romanian Waters National Administration is designed to prevent and reduce the destructive consequences of flooding. The project consists of installing monitoring equipment for the water management infrastructure, implementing an alarm system in floodplains, creating a rapid intervention system, modernizing the communications systems and integrating the meteorological system with the hydrological and water management systems in 11 water basins – Somes-Tisa, Cris Rivers, Mures, Banat, Jiu, Olt, Arges-Vedea, Buzau-Ialomita, Siret, Prut-Barlad and Dobrogea-Seaside.

The National Meteorological Administration (NMA) is the national authority in the meteorological field in Romania, with continuous activity since 1884. The main aim is to ensure the meteorological protection of life and property based on information on weather and climate, warnings and forecasts to the decision makers and local communities. The main activities of the NMA are: performing measurements for monitoring weather and climate; elaborating weather forecast and warnings; elaborating studies on atmospheric physics, regional climate variability and change, statistical and dynamical downscaling for impact studies; agrometeorological applied research; and satellite, remote sensing and GIS-based analysis. NMA performs systematic observations on atmospheric climate and, to a lesser extent, on parts of sea and terrestrial climate. These observations are gathered, validated and transferred accross the National Meteorological Network (NMN), which consists of 158 operational weather stations, 8 Doppler weather radar systems and the Aerologic Observatory of Bucharest-Afumați, where radio soundings are performed.

National climate services associated with national observations and projections:

The monitoring of climate-related parameters is executed by NARW and NAM (National Administration for Meteorology). NAM is responsible for monitoring the meteorological parameters – such as air temperature and pressure, precipitations, humidity, wind speed and direction. Results based on ensembles of numerical experiments with global climate models show a progressive increase in air temperature during the 21st century over the Romanian territory for all seasons, but more pronounced in summer and winter. In the near term future (2021-2050), climate model results show mean annual and seasonal increases in temperature (up to 3°C in summer) and reductions in precipitation amounts (8% to 9% in summer) over Romania under the worst-case scenario. Greater differences in climate are expected towards the end of the 21st century. For the worst-case scenario (RCP 8.5), the mean temperature increase for Romania will reach about 6°C in summer in the interval 2061-2090 compared with the interval 1961-1990. Also, projections show that changes in mean temperature and precipitation occur along with changes in extreme phenomena statistics (such as increases in the frequency and intensity of heat waves, and increases in precipitation intensity). 

NARW is responsible for monitoring the surface water, ground water and its quality at the national level. Hydrological monitoring in Romania is carried out through the National Integrated Water Monitoring System (NIWMS), which is managed by NARW. NARW delegates its authority to basin water management units.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

The impacts of climate change are already being felt in Romania; 2015 was the warmest year in the period starting from 1901  up to 2018  (average temperature 11.72°C). In 2005, Romania suffered from historic floods that caused 76 deaths and significant property damage, and 2007 brought the country's most severe drought in the last 70 years. Heavy rain in April and May of 2005 caused Romania's severe floods, causing at least 1.66 billion Euro in damage. This represents 2.1% of Romanian GDP. Flooding has also impacted about 656,392 ha agricultural land, 10,420 km roads, 23.8 km of railway, 9,113 bridges and foot bridges and contaminated 90,394 wells. In late June 2010, floods were the result of an extreme weather event that struck Romania. At least 21 people died and the economic losses were about 0.6% of the GDP. Romania was impacted by droughts and water scarcity in 2002, 2003, 2011 and 2012. The frequency of wildfires in Romania has increased in the recent past. The damage caused by wildfires can be substantial especially from an economic point of view. In 2013, 33% of the recorded fires in Romania were wildfires.

Drought is one of the major natural processes of interest for agriculture. In Romania, from a total surface of 237.500 km2, 62% are agricultural lands – approximately 14.7 million ha – categorized according to usage as arable land, pastures, vineyards and orchards. Frequent and prolonged drought affects 7.1 million ha, which represent 48% of the total agricultural land (2006).

Flood Hazard and Risk Maps are available at the national level for Areas with Potential Significant Flood Risk, but the effects of climate change have not been taken into account in the modeling of elaboration of hazardous and risk maps, as they were reported to the EU in 2014; CC will be considered for the 2nd cycle of reporting.

Research

Programmes addressing adaptation knowledge priorities and how national research policies underpin adaptation knowledge development:

SEERISK is a transnational project called "Joint Disaster Management risk assessment and preparedness in the Danube macro-region." The project is funded by the South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme. The project consortium comprises 20 project partners representing 9 countries, namely Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The consortium is coordinated by the National Directorate General for Disaster Management (NDGDM) from Hungary. One of the main aims of SEERISK is developing and testing a Common Risk Assessment Methodology for the region of which the most tangible outcomes are risk maps.

Romania has been a partner in the transnational project "Joint Disaster Management risk assessment and preparedness in the Danube macro-region" (SEERISK) and contributed to the elaboration of and testing of a common risk assessment methodology for the Danube region. Also, in this project the partners (Romanian team included) have elaborated a guideline on climate change adaptation and risk assessment in the Danube macro-region in 2014.

The OrientGate project aimed to implement concerted and coordinated climate adaptation actions across South Eastern Europe (SEE). The partnership comprises 19 financing partners, 11 associates and three observers, covering 13 countries that together will explore climate risks faced by coastal, rural and urban communities, contributing to a better understanding of the impacts of climate variability and climate change on water regimes, forests and agroecosystems.

The main objective of the project was to communicate up-to-date climate knowledge for the benefit of policy makers, including urban planners, nature protection authorities, regional and local development agencies, and territorial and public works authorities. The three-year project was launched in July 2012 and was co-funded by the South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme.

Under the RO 007 Program, the Environmental Protection Agency Sibiu (project promoter, project financed from EEA funds), the monitoring and coordination environmental body for the Region 7 Canter, commenced a project aiming to develop a set of good practices on adaptation to climate change in February 2015. This project is meant also to provide a valuable model of good practices that could be replicated in other regions and to support the capacity building on climate data and climate experts in the field. In this context, starting in October 2015 and in 2016, the Strategy and Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change for Brasov was prepared, with the aim to strengthen the adaptation capacity of the city from an economical and technical point of view and in terms of social changes due to climate change. The strategy and the action plan are meant to contribute to the achievement of environmental and regional objectives through the direct involvement of local and regional authorities and relevant research institutions.

At the same time, the achievements contribute to the reduction of human and ecosystems vulnerability and provide adaptation solutions for the analysed sectors: agriculture, forestry, water resources, biodiversity, energy, industry, transport, tourism and recreational activities, public health, infrastructure and urbanism, education, information and awareness.

”The Greenways for Sustainable Development project,” under the RO07 Climate Adaptation Program, promoted concerted and coordinated action to adapt to climate change in the Central Region and contributed to a better understanding of the impact of climate variability and specific adaptation in all vulnerable sectors. The local public authorities in the three municipalities (Braşov, Sibiu and Târgu Mureş) have been supported through the development of the concept of adapting to climate change and implementing the current legislation on adaptation to climate change by developing local strategies and plans - Action on Adaptation to Climate Change.

The implementation of the project has helped to increase institutional capacity and more actively involve municipalities in reducing vulnerability and risk to the effects of climate change, with data and information and a stronger knowledge base on climate change adaptation, better communication and communication between municipalities and of emergency preparedness.

  • RO-RISK - Disaster risk assessment at national level - Project co-funded by the European Social Fund through the Operational Program Administrative Capacity - code SIPOCA 30

  • CAMARO-D – Cooperating towards advanced management routines for land use impacts on the water regime in the Danube river basin DTP1-1-096-2.1, project funded by European Union funds  within the Danube Transnational Programme (2017-2019)

  • DRIDANUBE –Drought Risk in the Danube Region DTP 1-182-2.4 –project funded by European Union funds  within the Danube Transnational Programme (2017-2019)

  • IRIDA – Innovative remote and ground sensors, data and tools into a decision support system for agriculture water management, Water Joint Programming Initiative (2017-2019)

  • Improving Drought and Flood Early Warning, Forecasting and Mitigation using real-time hydroclimatic indicators (IMDRFLOOD) (2016 -2019)

  • Integrated approach for the development across Europe of user-oriented climate indicators for GFCS high-priority sectors: agriculture, disaster risk reduction, energy, health, water and tourism (ERA4CS-INDECIS) (2018-2021)

  • Advance on Urban Climate Services (ERA4CS-URCLIM) (2018-2021)

  • Managing crop water saving with Enterprise Services (MOSES) (2014-2018)

Projects within NIHWM:

  • Changes in climate extremes and associated impact in hydrological events in Romania (CLIMHYDEX) - PN II-ID-2011-2-0073 (2012-2016)
  • Enabling Climate Information Services for Europe – (ECLISE) – FP7-ENV-2010-1 (2011-2014)
  • CarpathCC Climate Change Framework Project – Services contract within Preparatory action on climate in the Carpathian region — framework contract for in-depth assessments of vulnerability of environmental resources and ecosystem-based adaptation measures (2011-2013)
  • ADWICE   "Literature review on the potential climate change effects on drinking water resources across the EU and the identification of priorities among different types of drinking water supplies" - EC DG ENV (2011-2012)
  • CCWATERS - Climate Change and Impacts on Water Supply – South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme (2009-2012)
  • Vulnerability of settlements and environment to floods in Romania in the context of global environmental changes (VULMIN) (2012-2016)

Studies elaborated by the NIHWM:

  • (2010) Methodology for estimating the impact of climate change on maximum flow regime (case study BH Mures)
  • (2011) "Estimating the impact of climate change on maximum flow regime in the Siret hydrographic basin"
  • (2012) "Estimating the impact of climate change on river basins maximum flow regime of Jiu and Ialomita"
  • (2013) "Estimating the impact of climate change on river basins maximum flow regime of Olt"
  • (2013) "Estimating the impact of climate change on minimum flow regime and of the draining phenomenon. Application to the Danube basin - Seaside (Dobrogea)"
  • (2014) "Estimating the impact of climate change on river flow regime in Romania"
  • (2015) "Estimating the impact of climate change on river flow regime in Romania." Case study: Viseu, Iza, Tur, Vedea River Basins
  • (2016) "Estimating the impact of climate change on river flow regime on the rivers from Banat Region"
  • (2016) "Estimating the impact of climate change on maximum flow regime and the determination of variation limits. Case studies"
  • (2017) "Estimating the impact of climate change on maximum flow regime and the determination of variation limits. Case studies: Crișul Repede and Crișul Negru"
  • (2018) "Estimating the impact of climate change on maximum flow regime and the determination of variation limits in Somes and Crasna River Basins"

For all of these project, the thematic topic was: "Hydrological extreme and climate change impacts."

Governance

The main central Government institution in Romania in charge of climate change adaptation related attributions is the MEWF. It is the central body responsible for coordination of the CC policy at national level and it reports to the European institutions.

Coordination mechanisms and involvement of stakeholders in national adaptation policy (e.g., development, implementation, monitoring and review). In particular, governance structure/bodies and how they work, involving:

National Commission for Climate Change (NCCC): in November 2014 MECC issued  a new Government Decision (GD 1026/20.11.2014) aimed at enforcing the role and improving the operation of the National Commission for Climate Change.

Other central and local Government institutions in Romania with climate change adaptation related attributions are:

  • Ministry of European Funds: the central body responsible for overall coordination of ESI Funds.
  • Ministry of Transport: the Government body responsible for all transport sectors (air, sea, road, rail), as well as the different infrastructure (roads, railways, air infrastructure, shipping, etc.).
  • Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration: the central body responsible for the CC related issues in the areas of infrastructure, construction and urban planning.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: the central body responsible for the CC related issues in the areas of agriculture and rural development.
  • Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research: the central body responsible for research and education.
  • Local authorities (LA): implement CC adaptation related requirements at the local level and report to MECC. In particular, LA are responsible for climate-proofing measures in each sector, in terms of flood protection, quality of life, economic and ecological vitality, vulnerability of transport and energy networks, etc.
  • National Administration for Romanian Waters:responsible at the national level for monitoring the surface water, ground water and the quality of the water.
  • The National Administration for Meteorology: responsible for monitoring the meteorological parameters – such as air temperature and pressure, precipitations, humidity, wind speed and direction.
  • General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations. All agencies are mandated to share information about the occurrence of natural hazards with GIES. In case of an emergency, GIES coordinates and works with a wide variety of stakeholders including local municipalities, fire departments, medical emergency services, as well as the police.

Furthermore, there is a need for the Government to strengthen the active involvement of the business community and NGOs. Currently, there are several NGOs with relevant activity targeting the climate adaptation area (Terra Mileniul III, Regional Environment Center etc.). While the current Climate Change Program developed by the MEWF with the World Bank is also working as a facilitative networking tool, the cooperative approach should be strengthened.

Knowledge

Thus far the adaptation issue was short addressed in a planned manner at the subnational level, and no specific mechanism is set to ensure consistent and coordinated approaches to adaptation actions that take place at the subnational level. Nevertheless, an important first-of-its-kind project, A Green Way to Sustainable developmenthas contributed to adaptation planning in 3 municipalities (Sibiu, Targu Mures and Brasov). The project was developed through the EEA / Norwegian Financial Mechanisms between 2015-2017.

In the Drought Risk in the Danube Region(DriDanube) project within the Danube Transnational Programme (DTP), the National Meteorological Administration hosted the National Briefing Seminar. The meeting was held on 29 May 2017, at the National Meteorological Administration headquarters in Bucharest. At the DRIDANUBE National Briefing Seminar representatives from the Global Water Partnership Romania, Maize Producers Association from Romania, Research Institute of Pedology and Agrochemistry Bucharest, National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, National Forest ROMSILVA and SIVECO were present. The discussions were related to the DRIDANUBE project; other similar projects of which NMA was part of; and gaps and good practices in adapting to climate change, targeting stakeholders in agriculture and forestry. The importance of constant communication and interaction between all of the stakeholders of the project was accentuated. Also, the necessity to disseminate knowledge in an adequate, concise and clear way was highlighted. The necessity to truthfully fill out the project’s questionnaires, so they can provide relevant information, critical to the future activities of the working groups, was stressed.

The National Meteorological Administration organized on 27 November 2018 the National Training within the Drought Risk in the Danube Region (DriDanube) project, held in Bucharest, Romania. At the meeting PP07 representatives and of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Romania were present. NMA representative presented the Drought User Service at the National Training, Drought impact assessment through the National Reporters Network and Drought risk assessment. The representative of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development appreciated the NMA partnership in the DRIDANUBE project, and emphasized that the drought phenomena monitoring through the Drought User Service and the Romanian National Reporters Network is a very useful tool in the agricultural activity of the Ministry, in terms of having more accurate information and providing specific recommendations and measures for the Romanian farmers.

The project IMDROFLOOD (Improving Drought and Flood Early Warning, Forecasting and Mitigation using real-time hydroclimatic indicators) is a UEFISCDI and EU funded project that provides tools for timely and reliable information about drought and floods at the catchment level by integrating observations from satellites, radar and meteorological stations, and results from modeling. The case study for Romania is the transboundary basin of the Prut river. Knowledge generated in the project will contribute to adaptation planning and water integrated management in the Prut river basin. The project is running over the period 2016-2019.

The project URCLIM is a European co-funded project, which is part of a wider initiative in Climate Services that is ERA4CS. URCLIM is a 3 year project that started in September 2016. It is composed of seven partners scattered across Europe and belonging to different sectors: 5 National meteorological services, 1 mapping agency and 1 laboratory on the field of Geographical Information Sciences.

The project URCLIM basically aims at providing a brand-new concept - the realization of integrated Urban Climate Services (UCS), which will be of interest for urban planners and related stakeholders, to respond to user needs, but also to provide assistance in decision making. The knowledge generated in the project will contribute to adaptation planning for Bucharest.

These types of services could be helpful for urban planners and related stakeholders in the sense that they would have a lot more data and parameters on the climate and city-mapping to adapt their work.

URCLIM is focusing on 4 main objectives:

  1. A methodology for the creation of High resolution urban maps for climate studies.
  2. The application of downscaling methods from regional climate models to city scale and the assessment of uncertainties.
  3. The use of multi-criteria impacts and evaluation of adaptation strategies (Urban Heat Island and heat waves, precipitation, snow cover, economy).
  4. Urban Climate Services (defined with stakeholders) and co-visualization of urban/climatic data.

The OrientGate project aims to coordinate climate change adaptation efforts in SEE countries by building a lasting partnership between communities that produce knowledge and experimental studies, and the communities that apply that knowledge. The core output to be developed by OrientGate is a set of web tools, designed to provide access to data and metadata from climate observations and simulations that will be available through a data platform connected to the European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT).

Orientgate, Pilot Study 2: Climate change adaptation measures in Romanian agriculture

This study will focus on the agricultural areas of Covasna and Caracal. Climate projections suggest that agricultural areas in Romania may be negatively affected by a number of changes predicted by regional climate models. Adaptation to the impacts of climate change through better crop system management will be facilitated by existing knowledge of response options to severe climate events.

Regarding the study, in the context of the climate change, the best way to find the most appropriate adaptation measures in agriculture is an agrometeorological activity directed towards observing, monitoring and forecasting the extreme events including drought phenomenon, so as to be at the height of the challenges of the 21st century, as regards the adaptation plans and strategies. Adapting to climate change through better crop system management will benefit mainly from the knowledge provided by the responses to severe climate events, when plans to adapt to and mitigate predictable climate change risks are implemented. In practical terms, decisions related to climate change impacts need to encompass several adaptation options to the climate projections. In other words, decision makers and farmers will have to handle different options based on predictable scenarios and combinations of technological measures designed to reduce the CC effects.

A Green Way to Sustainable Development (LEPA Sibiu, Region 7 Center)

Objectives:

  • Educate, inform and develop knowledge through training programs focused on adaptation to climate change/ACC and effects of vulnerable sectors (energy, transport, constructions, agriculture, etc.).
  • Publicity – elaborate a dissemination and communication strategy, organize and implement an awareness campaign to achieve awareness of ACC and project promotion.
  • Establish a network of communicators on adaptation to climate change, including representatives of the communication and PR departments in public institutions and authorities in the Region 7 Center - LEPAs, county councils, and municipalities who will support the project communication officer with responsibilities in communication and publicity, elaboration of information materials used in the public information campaign, the web page and knowledge base.
  • Elaboration of meteorological studies: data collection and mapping; study on designing numerical experiments; Regional Planning Cross Sectoral Study (aimed at providing a monitoring outline to support the implementation of climate change adaptation plans).
  • Elaboration of local strategies and action plans for adaptation to a changing climate in three municipalities in the Region 7 Center.
  • Elaboration of 6 guidelines on adaptation to climate change for the region 7 Center, as follows: 1 guideline for the elaboration of municipal strategies, and 1 guideline for each of the selected sectors.     

Ministry of Environment

National Focal Point for Adaptation on Climate Change

Ms. Nicoleta Florentina DATCU

Climate Change and Sustainable Development Directorate, Climate Change Unit

Tel. +4 021 408 9623

Mail: nicoleta.datcu@mmediu.ro

Ministry of Environment

Mr. Sergiu Cruceanu

Counselor

Climate Change and Sustainable Development Directorate, Climate Change Unit

Tel. +4 021 408 9542

Mail: sergiu.cruceanu@mmediu.ro 

 

Other competent organisations

[Disclaimer]
The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries