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Last update:Nov 19, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted
National Adaptation Plan
  • Being developed
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Completed
Research programmes
  • Currently being undertaken
Meteorological observations
  • Established
Climate Projections and Services
  • Established
CC IVA portals and platforms
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies
  • Being developed
  • Monitoring and Evaluation System of the Slovak Republic
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National Communication on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Last National Communication Submitted

The Slovak Republic adopted its revised Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NAS) in October 2018 by Government Resolution No. 478/2018. Currently the Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic (MZP SR) together with the Slovak Academy of Sciences is preparing the first Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan (NAP) and Monitoring and Evaluation System. The NAP will be submitted to the Government for adoption in 2020.

Adaptation Strategies

Slovakia adopted its first NAS, "The Strategy of Adaptation of the Slovak Republic to the Adverse Impacts of Climate Change," in March 2014 by Government Resolution No 148/2014. The main objective of the NAS was to provide information on adaptation measures and actions in Slovakia, and based on these, to propose a coordination framework for their implementation, as well as to increase awareness about this thematic area. The NAS examined the climate change impacts and proposed adaptation options in a number of areas, such as: environment, biodiversity, water management, built environment, public health, agriculture, forestry and transport.

In 2017 the MZP SR launched the evaluation and revision process of the NAS. During the process consultations were held with the High-Level Committee for Coordination of Climate Change Policy and its Working Group on Adaptation on a regular basis. In September 2017, the strategic environmental assessment (SEA) of the NAS was launched. After lengthy consultations the final report of the SEA was published in June 2018 and its recommendations were incorporated into the draft of the new strategy. In 2018 the intergovernmental review process took place. The revised NAS was adopted in October 2018 by Government Resolution No. 478/2018. The main goal of the revised NAS is to fulfill the requirements of the Paris Agreement:

  • to improve the readiness of the Slovak Republic to adequately address the adverse impacts of climate change,
  • to provide information on the ongoing and future adaptation processes,
  • to establish an institutional framework and coordination mechanism responsible for the implementation of adaptation measures at all levels and priority sectors, and
  • to raise awareness on climate change adaptation.

The strategy presents six objectives, which contribute to the fulfillment of the main goal:

  • conscious national adaptation policy-making;
  • effective implementation of the proposed adaptation measures, their monitoring and evaluation;
  • promoting multi-level governance and cooperation with horizontal (state) and vertical (regions, towns) levels;
  • promoting awareness raising;
  • strengthening the synergies between adaptation and mitigation measures; and
  • promoting nature based solutions.

Furthermore, the revised NAS supports the implementation of the cross-cutting goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 and the Convention on Biological Diversity. The revised NAS proposes adaptation measures for new sectors (geology, soil, energy and industry, business sector, tourism). In March 2019, the Government adopted a new National Environmental Strategy of the Slovak Republic "Greener Slovakia." It includes a chapter on climate change and proposes key mitigation and adaptation measures. However, almost each of its chapters is relevant to climate change adaptation.

Implementation means

In March 2018, the Government adopted an Action plan to address the consequences of drought and water scarcity, "Water is value," prepared by the MZP SR as a follow up to the Water Management Plan of Slovakia and the NAS. The plan proposes measures in the area of water management, agriculture and forestry management, urban areas, and science and research. It also proposes measures on monitoring and early warning systems for drought and disaster risk management.

The MZP SR in cooperation with the Slovak Academy of Sciences in April 2018 launched the preparation of the Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan (NAP). A report presenting the results of quantitative and qualitative analysis and technical background serves as a basis and will be used to formulate the NAP. In 2019 the adaptation measures will be prioritized in a participatory process involving all relevant actors. The measures will be prioritized according to their importance, feasibility and availability of financial resources. Short-term measures for 2020-2022 and mid-term measures for 2023-2025 will be proposed. The NAP should contribute to a better mainstreaming of adaptation measures into the sectoral policies of the key sectors. Moreover, it will propose a monitoring and evaluation system of the adaptation measures based on a selected set of indicators.

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation

In May 2016, the Government adopted a progress report, "Information on the progress made in implementing adaptation measures in the Slovak Republic", which analyses the national adaptation process in Slovakia between April 2014 and April 2016. The short time frame for evaluation (approximately 1.5 years) made it challenging to quantify the progress made in implementing adaptation measures. The report deals mainly with qualitative characteristics of the adaptation efforts in the Slovak Republic and has the following structure: information on the NAS, priority areas, monitoring of the environment, adaptation in the area of health, adaptation at the local level, and conclusions. It is showcasing that adaptation concerns were mainstreamed into several sectoral strategies and plans, and that the situation in this respect has improved.

Schedule and planned review/revision

The schedule of the periodic review of the NAS is determined by Government Resolution No 478/2018. The first NAP will be submitted to the Government by 31 December 2020. The second set of information on progress made in implementing adaptation measures in the Slovak Republic will be submitted to the Government by 31 May 2023. The next planned revision of the NAS, taking into account new scientific knowledge on climate change, is planned in 2025; the next NAS will be submitted to the Government by 31 December 2025.


The NAS has the ambition to link climate change scenarios and expected impacts to the widest possible range of areas and sectors, with proposals for appropriate adaptation measures. In terms of adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change, the NAS identifies 13 key areas and sectors:

  • geology,
  • soil,
  • nature and biodiversity,
  • water management,
  • built environment,
  • public health,
  • agriculture,
  • forestry,
  • transport,
  • tourism,
  • energy,
  • industry and other business areas, and
  • disaster risk management.

In addition to these areas and sectors, the NAS also addresses cross-cutting issues such as economic and social aspects, science, research and innovation, communication, education and public involvement, and regional and transboundary cooperation. Detailed information on expected impacts of climate change, vulnerability and adaptation measures in key sectors is available in the 7th national communication of the Slovak republic on climate change.

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

Nature and biodiversity

In the area of nature and biodiversity protection, the following legislation is in force or is being developed: The Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic prepared and submitted an updated draft of the Nature and Landscape Protection Act No. 543/2002 to the legislative procedure. Its aim is to ensure better implementation of nature and landscape protection goals, especially in protected areas, mainly by changing existing legislative frameworks assigned in the Nature and Landscape Protection Act No. 543/2002 and in other relevant legislation. Currently, a new Act on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species is being developed. In the area of nature and biodiversity protection the following policy instruments have been adopted or are being developed: Revised National Strategy for Biodiversity until 2020 and Action Plan for the Implementation of the Revised National Strategy for Biodiversity until 2020.

Recently, the Government adopted a new National Environmental Strategy of the Slovak Republic, "Greener Slovakia," addressing the main environmental challenges of the country, and an Action plan to address the consequences of drought and water scarcity, "Water is value." Currently, a revised Nature and Landscape Protection Framework by 2030 is being developed.

Water management

In the area of water management, the following policy instruments have been adopted:

  • Orientation, Principles and Priorities of Water Policy of the Slovak Republic until 2027;
  • Framework for Water Management Policy of the Slovak Republic;
  • Water plan of the Slovak Republic;
  • Development Plan for the Public Water Supplies and Public Sewage Systems for the Slovak Republic Territory;
  • Flood risk management plans; and
  • Action plan to address the consequences of drought and water scarcity, "Water is value."

Built environment

In the area of the built environment the following policy instruments have been adopted: The Ministry of Transport and Construction of the Slovak Republic issued in 2014 a Methodological Guideline to the NAS, which was distributed to the local authorities (Spatial Planning Departments) with the requirement to introduce the recommendations to each municipality and to apply proposed adaptation measures. On the basis of the guideline, the outlined measures of the NAS (built environment chapter) should be taken into account in the local spatial plans. This could be observed by the district authorities when elaborating formal statements to the spatial planning documentation.

In January 2018, the Urban Development Framework of the Slovak Republic by 2030 was adopted by Governmental Resolution No. 5/2018. The framework calls for climate change adaptation in urban areas, and recommends that regional and local authorities consider the adverse effects of climate change in city and spatial planning. The framework presents a couple of measures and encourages cities to elaborate local adaptation plans and implement adaptation measures. The framework supports the provision of the systematic integration of adaptation measures in spatial planning documentation.

Public health

In the area of public health, the revised 5th National Action Plan for Environment and Health was adopted by Governmental Resolution No. 3/2019 in 2019. It is the basic document for activities in the field of environmental health and one of the key areas addressed in this document is climate change in relation to public health in Slovakia. The framework calls for climate change adaptation in public health and presents a couple of suitable measures:

  • monitoring of cyanobacterial proliferation in natural bathing waters,
  • monitoring the occurrence of biological allergens in the air,
  • monitoring the occurrence of vector-borne diseases, and
  • monitoring tick-borne encephalitis.

The action plan stresses the importance of awareness-raising activities focused on heatwaves, floods and frosts.


In the forestry sector, the following legislation is in force:

  • Forest Act No. 326/2005, and
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Slovak Republic no 453/2006 on Forest Management and Forest protection.

This legislation establishes a rule for the application of guidelines for "natural tree species compositions" of forest types, and their elaboration into more detailed "management models" of forest management plans. Tree species composition of newly regenerated forests must be compliant with management models and non-compliance could be penalised by the forestry authority. The Act contains provisions to use the nature-based silvicultural system shelterwood, a selection and purpose-oriented system. In these silvicultural systems natural regeneration is dominant.

  • Act on Forest Reproductive Material No. 138/2010.

The Act establishes the rules for the registration, utilization and shift of forest reproductive material and is crucial to promote ex-situ measures for the conservation and appropriate enhancement of the gene pool of tree species, namely through establishing seed orchards.

  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Slovak Republic No. 226/2017 on providing financial support in forestry for fulfilling non-productive forest functions.

The Decree provides legal conditions for launching and implementing the system of direct payments for forest owners (holders) with the aim to support, so called, non-productive functions of forests. Non-productive functions of forests, as defined in the National Act on Forests, are ecological functions (such as the protection of soil, regulation of the water cycle, regulation of climatic conditions) and social functions (e.g. positive impact on human health, cultural function, educational function, recreational function, biodiversity protection, and the protection of water sources).

In the sector of forestry, the following policy instruments have been adopted:

  • National Forest Programme of the Slovak Republic: The document identifies strategic objectives and their priority for the national forest policy including adaptation of the forests to the adverse impacts of climatic change.
  • Action plan of National Forest Programme of the Slovak Republic for the period of 2015-2020: The document proposes measures and a financial framework, including measures for the adaptation of the forest to climatic change.


The Ministry of Transport and Construction of the Slovak Republic in cooperation with the Transport Research Institute in Žilina developed in 2018 a complex Methodological guidance for climate change impact assessment of major infrastructure projects in the transport sector. The methodological guidance provides information on the steps of comprehensive climate change risk assessment of transport infrastructure projects, including the identification, assessment and implementation of appropriate adaptation measures to reduce vulnerability and ensure the resilience of major infrastructure projects.


In the tourism sector the following policy instruments have been adopted:

  • Tourism Development Strategy by 2020,
  • National Strategy for the Development of Cycling and Cyclo-tourism in the Slovak Republic,
  • Conception of Geoparks of the Slovak Republic,
  • Destination Management Methodology for Geoparks, and
  • Comprehensive Model of Tourism Support in the Least Developed Districts Including Technical Support to Socio-Economic Partners in the Least Developed Districts - methodological manual for the least developed districts of the Slovak Republic.

The Ministry of Transport and Construction of the Slovak Republic supports environmentally friendly forms of tourism because of their relatively low ecological and carbon footprint and positive impact on regional development and local communities. The policy instruments support the development of sustainable tourism forms in the Slovak Republic (cycling, hiking and water tourism), and the establishment and operation of geoparks.

Mainstreaming on adaptation

In the Slovak Republic mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into sectoral policies is driven by the NAS. The adaptation measures recommended in the NAS are gradually integrated into sectoral strategies and action plans (no specific sectoral adaptation plans were adopted). Key strategic documents, frameworks and plans directly or indirectly address climate change adaptation.


The Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMI) is a state-subsidized specialized organization operating under the MZP SR, providing meteorological and hydrological services at the national and international level. The SHMI's activities include the following:

  • monitoring of quantitative and qualitative parameters of the air and water in Slovak territory;
  • collecting, verifying, interpreting and archiving data and information on the condition and regime of air and water; describing developments in the atmosphere and hydrosphere; and
  • issuing forecasts and warnings regarding dangerous hydro-meteorological phenomena.

The SHMI plays a key role in recording observations, providing data and research, preparing vulnerability and impact assessments, projections and scenarios for climate change adaptation. The website of the institute's section on Climatology provides information on Slovakia's climate, climate change and its expected impacts, climate monitoring system, drought monitoring and maps.

Observations and Projections

The detailed climatic measurements taken at several meteorological stations and more than 200 precipitation stations since 1881 have enabled the preparation of the observations on Slovakia's climate and its variability for the period of 1881-2016. A significant increase in the mean annual air temperature (by 2.0°C over the 136-year period) and insignificant increase of annual areal precipitation totals (by about 0.8% in 136 years) was recorded. While the increase in air temperature is nearly the same accross the whole territory, a significant decrease in annual precipitation totals was observed mainly in the south of the Slovak Republic (up to 10%); a small increase in precipitation totals was observed only at the northern border of the Slovak Republic (about 5%). These developments in temperature and precipitation were accompanied by a decrease in relative air humidity and an increase in potential evapotranspiration by about 5% in the south of the Slovak Republic.

The period of 1980-2016 was significant not only for the rapid increase in air temperature (by about 2°C) but also for its great variability in precipitation totals (152% of normal in 2010, 74% of normal in 2003), which caused several episodes of serious drought on the one hand and local or regional floods on the other. Changes in winter precipitation totals and an increase in winter air temperature means there are unstable snow conditions in the Slovak Republic; an increase in snow cover days and depths were recorded only in the higher mountains (altitudes above 1,000 m a.s.l.).

Since 1993, national climate change scenarios have been prepared for the Slovak Republic as modified outputs from several Global General Circulation Models (GCMs) and Regional Circulation Models (RCMs), by statistical and dynamic downscaling methods, and with the use of measured data from Slovak meteorological stations gathered in the period 1951-2010. All the GCMs and RCMs offer outputs of several variables with daily frequency for the period from 1951 to 2100. The last series of climate change scenarios are based mainly on outputs from four models: GCMs CGCM3.1 (Canada) and ECHAM5 (Germany), and RCMs RACMO (the Netherlands' KNMI) and REMO (Germany's MPI), which were used in the daily data downscaling as climate change scenarios for the Slovak Republic.

Based on the outputs and the measured meteorological data for reference periods 1961-1990 and 1981-2010 daily scenarios were designed for about 60 meteorological and about 150 precipitation stations in the Slovak Republic. Scenarios were prepared for the following variables:

  • the daily means, maxima and minima of air temperature;
  • daily means of relative air humidity (measured at 2 m elevation above the ground);
  • daily precipitation totals (measured at 1 m elevation above the ground);
  • daily means of wind speed (measured at 10 m elevation above the ground); and
  • daily sums of global radiation.

Based on these elementary scenarios, several other scenarios for snow cover, evapotranspiration, heatwaves, soil moisture, runoff, etc., were designed. In general, models suppose a comparable increase in monthly and annual temperatures from 1.5 to 4.7°C; scenarios of total precipitation changes, in summer, range from a decrease of 33% to an increase of 19%, and in winter only an increase from 20% to 56%. While temperature scenarios are very close for all Slovak localities, precipitation scenarios exhibit some regional differences. A higher increase in annual precipitation totals will be expected for the north of country; the summer decrease in precipitation totals is more significant in the southern lowlands. A comparable increase (decrease) is projected for the daily maximum precipitation totals. Very important impacts of climate change are saturation deficit and potential evapotranspiration changes. Climate change scenarios suppose an increase in air temperature by about 1.5°C to 4.5°C for the growing period (April-September) in the Slovak lowlands and no change or a small decrease in relative air humidity. These circumstances can cause a decrease in soil moisture because of small changes or a decrease in precipitation totals.

New and more detailed climate change scenarios based on GCMs and RCMs, including daily data and daily extremes, enabled the calculation of a series of statistical characteristics such as complex environmental and socio-economic scenarios depending on the changing climate: heat waves (a series of days with high temperature and humidity, summer days, tropical days, super-tropical days, icy days, cold days, etc.), the number of frosty days and days with strong frost (below -10°C), heavy rains (high daily and k-day precipitation totals), days with low or no precipitation, days suitable for specific tourist activities (skiing, swimming, summer and winter hiking, etc.), the number of days with snowfall and heavy snowfall (new snow cover depth above 1 and 5 cm), the number of days with low/high relative air humidity.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

An analysis of current and future climate change scenarios confirms the existence of extremes and risks, their interdependence and possible consequences in the whole range from ecosystems, natural resources to the economy and the social sphere. Bonds and interactions between the effects of climate change and its possible consequences are very complex and dynamic system, whose management requires a large amount of information and is largely limited by the uncertainties in the future development of the scenarios. Climate change projections and modeling results confirm that the magnitude of climate change impacts on human and natural systems calls for adaptation measures that both reduce the vulnerability of these systems and further strengthen their resilience through technological and ecosystem-based solutions and managerial options.

Climate change impact and vulnerability assessments are available in the SHMIs report on Climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation in key sectors, prepared in 2011 in cooperation with various partners. The report addresses climate change impacts in eight key sectors and its economic and environmental consequences. The report provides detailed analyses for eight sectors (agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, health, water management, tourism, transport, energy and industry) and recommends a set of adaptation measures. The outcomes of the SHMI report provided an important input for the preparation of the first NAS in 2014, which particularly used the study to briefly describe the impacts and vulnerabilities in the sectors covered. The updated NAS includes additional sectors and adaptation measures for sectors not covered in the study (soil, industry, private sector). In 2015, the institute published the Climate Atlas of the Slovak Republic. 


Slovak institutions are participating in several research projects, both international and national. The Comenius University in Bratislava participates in two Horizon 2020 projects:

  • the CC-TAME Project (Climate Change - Terrestrial Adaptation & Mitigation in Europe), and
  • the RESIN project (Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures).

The SHMI participates in the following international projects:

  • SEE Risk - Joint Disaster Management Risk Assessment and Preparedness in the Danube macro-region,
  • INTERREG project DriDanube - Drought risk in the Danube region, and
  • project on Modelling the impact of climate change on heat load increase in Central European cities.

The State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic together with several NGOs (Daphne - Institute of Applied Ecology and BROZ - Bratislava Protected Regional Organization) participates in several LIFE projects and EEA grants related to climate change adaptation:

  • Restoration of NATURA 2000 sites in cross-border Bratislava region,
  • Restoration of endemic Pannonic salt marshes and sand dunes in southern Slovakia, and
  • Restoration of ecosystem functioning of the upper Ondava river catchment area.

It is possible to provide only a non-exhaustive list of research projects dealing with climate change adaptation in a national context, supported by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic via the Slovak Research and Development Agency, Scientific Grants Agency or other institutions:

  • Prognosis of the occurrence of hydrological drought in Slovakia,
  • Adaptive genetic potential of forest tree populations in the context of climate change,
  • Development of regional climatic and rainfall runoff models for runoff prediction under changed climatic conditions in mountain areas,
  • Impacts of impermeable land cover on urban climate in the context of climate change,
  • Modeling timber growth in the forest ecosystems of the Carpathians with alternative climate change scenarios,
  • Computer supported optimization of forest management under the conditions of changing climate,
  • The impact of natural hazards on forest ecosystems of Slovakia in a changing climate,
  • Effective irrigation management as a climate change adaptation tool,
  • Mitigation of climate change risks by timber-harvesting optimization, and
  • Adverse effects of climate change and their impact on timber production.

Monitoring progress

The framework for complex environmental monitoring in Slovakia is determined by the resolutions of the Slovak Government No. 623/1990 Coll., No. 449/1992 Coll. and No. 620/1993 Coll. Within the framework of the national environmental monitoring system of the Slovak Republic, there are different subsystems:

  • air,
  • water (including mineral and mining waters),
  • land,
  • biota (fauna, flora),
  • forests,
  • geological factors,
  • waste,
  • foreign substances in food and feed,
  • meteorology and climatology, and
  • radioactivity in the environment.

One of the SHMI's main tasks is to operate an integrated nation-wide monitoring system for all key aspects of the atmosphere and hydrosphere: i.e. water quality and quantity, air quality, weather, climate and environmental radioactivity. In this regard, the SHMI's principal activities include monitoring climate system development. The institute obtains most of its data on the quantity and quality of air and water from the state hydrological and meteorological monitoring network. It operates the Climatological Information System of the Slovak Republic and is involved in the National Climate Program of the Slovak Republic, under which various tasks related to monitoring of climate change are carried out.


The MZP SR, Directorate for Climate Change and Air Protection, Department of Climate Change Policy is the central body designated to coordinate the national adaptation process. It is responsible for the development and implementation of climate change policy, including climate change adaptation. The National Contact Point on Adaptation ensures communication with international and European organizations and coordinates national activities.

In January 2012, a High-Level Committee for Coordination of the Climate Change Policy was established. The Working Group on Adaptation operates under this committee and is designated to focus on the NAS and to continue the work on national adaptation process. The members of the working group are representatives from ministries:

  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development,
  • Ministry of Transport and Construction,
  • Ministry of Health,
  • Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport,
  • Ministry of Economy, and
  • Ministry of Interior,

and other key institutions:

  • Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic,
  • Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute,
  • Association of Towns and Municipalities of Slovakia, and
  • Union of Slovak Cities,


  • Comenius University in Bratislava, and
  • Slovak Academy of Science,

and non-governmental organizations:

  • Carpathian Development Institute.

The working group meets at least once a year. Besides the regular meetings, bilateral or multilateral meetings are arranged on an ad hoc basis. The Governmental Resolution No 478/2018 recommends that municipalities and cities take on the responsibilities in implementing the NAS. The revised NAS seeks improvements in vertical integration of adaptation processes at regional and current levels and proposes several measures to do so.

The Association of Towns and Municipalities of Slovakia and the Union of Slovak Cities serves as a link in the process of translating national policy to the regional and local levels and provides information from lower levels of administration. The first sub-regional adaptation strategy was adopted for region Horné Ondava in March 2015. The Bratislava Self-Governing Region adopted a catalogue of adaptation measures for towns and villages in April 2017. The catalogue includes the assessment of the climate in the Bratislava region, a strategy and a catalogue of adaptation measures.

At the local level, various initiatives have been launched. Slovakia has 10 signatories to the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy with respect to adaptation. The following cities and towns elaborated local adaptation strategies:

  • Spišská Nová Ves (2012),
  • Bratislava (strategy 2014, action plan 2017),
  • Košice - West (2014),
  • Trnava (2015),
  • Zvolen (2015),
  • Kežmarok (2015), and
  • Čierny Balog (pilot study, 2016).

These cities and towns cover approximately 20% of the population of the Slovak Republic. Non-governmental organizations are actively participating in the implementation of adaptation measures, especially at the local level. They provide help on the development of local adaptation strategies, apply for projects in cooperation with municipalities and implement awareness-raising activities.


One of the main goals of the NAS is to raise public awareness about vulnerability and climate change impacts and to develop a knowledge base to address adaptation. Currently, the Slovak Environmental Agency is implementing a national project, "Improvement of information and advice on improving the quality of the environment in Slovakia," addressing public awareness. The project is funded under the Operational Programme Quality of the Environment 2014-2020 and has six main activities. Key Activity 6 focuses on climate change adaptation and risk management and includes a number of tasks to improve communication and awareness, such as organizing conferences on climate change, seminars for regional and local representatives, thematic and informational days for the public, festivals, competitions for schools, publishing publications and preparing a two-set documentary film about climate change adaptation in the country.

The MZP SR website hosts a section dedicated to climate change, including adaptation information. The adaptation subsection presents a general overview about the national adaptation process and provides general information and links to the key documents related to climate change adaptation. Additional relevant information can be found on the website of the Slovak Environment Agency and SHMI.

International dimensions

The Slovak Republic is a member state of various international initiatives focusing on climate change adaptation, and is actively involved in the Danube Region Strategy and the Carpathian Convention. Transnational cooperation is currently ongoing between European countries crossed by the Danube river to tackle flood risks, prepare flood management plans and build flood defenses. In 2012 a climate adaptation strategy was adopted by the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube. In 2014, the Fourth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Carpathian Convention adopted the Strategic Agenda on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Carpathian Region, which is being implemented mainly through the activities of the Working Group on Adaptation to Climate Change under the Convention. In October 2017, a new Article 12 on Climate Change was adopted at the Fifth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties. International dimensions are addressed by the revised NAS.

Ministry of Environment of the Slovak republic
Central state administrative authority and supreme inspection authority in environmental affairs

Directorate for Climate Change and Air Protection, Department of Climate Change Policy

Angelika Tamásová

Policy Advisor

Námestie Ľ. Štúra 1, 812 35 Bratislava, Slovak Republic





The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries