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Last update:Aug 08, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted
National Adaptation Plan



Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Ongoing in research programmes
Research programs
Meteorological observations
  • Established
Climate Projections and Services
  • Established
CC IVA portals and platforms
  • Established
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies
  • Established
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National Communication to the UNFCCC
  • Last National Communication Submitted

In Slovenia, the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning is in charge of adaptation policy-making. The Law Amending the Environmental Protection Law - EPA-1F (Official Gazette of RS, no. 92/13) regulates matters related to climate change with adaptation more specifically mentioned only in connection with the provision of finances from the Climate Fund to adaptation measures. There are plans to provide a more specific legal basis for adaptation processes in the new EPA, which is in preparation.

Adaptation Strategies

The main cross-sectoral strategic document on adaptation is the Strategic Framework for Climate Change Adaptation, adopted by the Government in December 2016. The document provides a long term vision, purpose and strategic guidelines for enhancing adaptation-related activities under four chapters:

  • Mainstreaming;
  • Wider cooperation;
  • Research and development; and
  • Education, training, communication and public awareness.

Its vision reads: Slovenia is, by 2050, adapted to the impacts of climate change and has a climate resilient society with a high quality and safety of life that fully utilises the opportunities offered by a changing climate on the basis of sustainable development.

The enhancement of capacities for climate change adaptation, risk management and the full exploitation of the opportunities that climate change brings to Slovenia will be tracked utilizing a Vulnerability Indicator. It will measure the degree to which the general goal of reduced exposure, sensitivity and vulnerability of Slovenia to the impacts of climate change, and increased resilience and adaptive capacity of the society, are being achieved.

The Strategic Framework has four Annexes:

  1. Terminology used in the area of climate change adaptation,
  2. Describing the process of Assessing impacts of climate change until the end of the 21st century (ongoing research project and its results in the years 2016 and 2017 by the Slovenian Environment Agency),
  3. A comparison of adaptation processes in different EU states, and
  4. Process of development and structure of the Vulnerability Indicator.

The document foresees the monitoring of steps and methods of implementation by the Interdepartmental Working Group on Adaptation, which will produce regular biennial reports and periodic updating of the steps and directions of the guidelines. It is planned that the strategic document will be followed by an Action Plan of Measures for Adaptation. There are a number of other documents with adaptation goals and measures, such as the Forestry and Agriculture Development Strategies, which have their own set of policies aimed at promoting adaptation in their respective sectors. The Climate change adaptation strategy for agriculture in the Vipava Valley for the period 2017-2021 was prepared within the LIFE ViVaCCAdapt project and adopted by the Ajdovščina Municipality in 2018. It also contains a proposed set of measures to be carried out until 2021.

Implementation means

The Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change Adaptation, with members from all concerned ministries, agencies and government offices, was officially nominated by the Government in September 2016 and is tasked with the implementation of the National Adaptation Strategy and horizontal and vertical coordination of adaptation policy-making. The Group serves as a main reference point during the process of adaptation policy development, and is led by the Ministry with the help of external experts and the ARSO. Provision of finances for adaptation action is secured each year in the Climate Change Fund yearly Programme of measures. Lastly, the Ordinance on the Program for the use of the Climate Change Fund for the year 2019 foresees up to 26.05 million Euros for the purpose of climate change adaptation.

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation

Adaptation measures are being carried out in priority sectors and the monitoring of progress takes place as defined in the respective action plans (water management plans, flood risk assessments, and in agriculture and forestry sectors). Measuring the effectiveness/efficiency of adaptation actions has been further developed within the Vulnerability Indicator within the Strategic Framework for Climate Change Adaptation. A system for the periodic review of adaptation action at sectoral and local levels and the allocation of reporting responsibilities will be developed within the framework of the National Action Plan on Adaptation. The Plan should also provide for the indicators and type of framework to be used to monitor progress via a set of indicators to assess preparedness.

Schedule and planned review/revision

There is no planned revision of the National Adaptation Strategy.

The National Disaster Risk Assessment, adopted by the Government in 2016, provides a comprehensive risk assessment analysis for disasters and identifies that the major disaster risks for the country are related to flood management. Water management (and associated risks of flood and drought) together with agriculture and forestry are sectors that have devoted the most attention to climate change adaptation action in the past also due to the high impact of extreme weather events. Actions in these sectors are already underway, such as a flood defense measures plan, based on the Risk Assessment. Areas of significant flood impact in Slovenia were identified on the basis of a prior flood risk assessment taking into account also climate change scenarios of impacts in 2018.

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

The NAS proposed the first steps in the national, regional and local development and spatial planning processes, based on the strengthened use of environmental impact assessment instruments. Each year there was training provided for the SEA/IEA procedures, and guidelines were prepared. As in other EU countries, climate change adaptation is driven at the national level and mostly implemented at the local level. Municipalities are the only level of self-government; they have an extensive role regarding

  • spatial and urban planning,
  • housing,
  • water management,
  • economic development,
  • tourism, and
  • environmental protection.

Spatial planning competencies are also shared between the national and local levels. Climate change adaptation initiatives at the local and/or regional levels are mostly based on one-off participation in various projects (e.g. pilot research projects, transnational cooperation projects, LIFE projects).

In the new spatial planning legislation, climate change adaptation considerations will form an integral part of spatial planning processes at the local and also at the regional level, however it remains to be seen to what extent the Regional Development and Spatial Plans will incorporate climate change impacts.

Mainstreaming of adaptation

Mainstreaming of adaptation is carried out mainly through SEA/IEA instruments. However, agriculture and forestry sectors have their own strategies and carry out measures which also aim to include climate change impacts into account, there has been established cooperation between the experts at both ministries. In the water management sector, the Water Management Plan for the Danube and Adriatic See Basins for the 2016–2021 Period was adopted, which also defines measures that contribute to climate change adaptation.

Since 2006, Slovenia has been the host of the Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe – DMCSEE (under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification – UNCCD and the World Meteorological Organisation – WMO). The groundwork for the National Action Plan for Drought Management in Slovenia was prepared in the framework of DMCEEE, which examined current drought management in Slovenia and put forward specific proposals for its improvement. For biodiversity conservation,

The Natura 2000 Management programme for Slovenia for the period 2014-2020 has been adopted, especially for the management of NATURA 2000 sites. It determines conservation goals for habitats and species with the aim to maintain or improve their conservation status and thus also to improve their resilience to climate change.

Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief under Ministry of Defense, is the national coordination body for risk assessment processes (providing links with adaptation related policies through Inter-ministerial working group on Disaster Risk Assessments) and also responsible for national emergency response plans in co-operation with other ministries.

In 2018, the first assessment of climate change impacts by the end of the 21st century was concluded and presented to the public by the Slovenian Environment Agency. Some sectoral impacts have been provided, such as floods risk assessment, and others will be provided with the continuation of the project in the future.

Observations and Projections

In order to prepare expert groundwork for adaptation to climate change in Slovenia, the knowledge of past changes in climate and the assessment of future climate conditions is crucial. In addition to the changed average conditions, estimates of the frequency, character and duration of extraordinary weather and weather-related phenomena, which have the greatest impact on us, our environment and our activities, are very important.

Within the framework of the project "Climate variability of Slovenia," the Slovenian Environmental Agency examined in detail the past climate variability in Slovenia both in terms of average conditions and in terms of extraordinary phenomena. Based on historical trends, within the framework of the project "Assessments of Climate Change Impacts in the 21st Century," climate change assessments for the future and climate change impact assessments are being prepared for some extraordinary events, such as heat waves, droughts, extraordinary precipitation phenomena, and high water conditions. Also within the framework of the project "Assessments of Climate Change Impacts in the 21st Century," from 2016-2018, estimates of changes for the following climate variables were prepared for three future periods (2011-2040, 2014-2070 and 2071-2100) taking into account three possible projections of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations (very optimistic RCP2.6, moderately optimistic RCP4.5 and pessimistic RCP8.5 scenario):

  • air temperature,
  • soil temperature,
  • surface water temperature,
  • temperature of the sea,
  • groundwater temperature,
  • water content in the soil,
  • amount of precipitation,
  • the quantitative status of watercourses,
  • water supply of aquifers, and
  • phenological development of selected plant species.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

Within the framework of the project "Assessments of Climate Change Impacts in the 21st Century," impact assessments were made in relation to changes in the frequency of occurrence, duration and severity of heatwaves, agricultural droughts, droughts on surface waters and droughts of underground water sources, high water conditions, and frost. On the basis of the estimated changes in climate variables, climate change impact assessments were also prepared for the state of the soil for agriculture, growing conditions, future high water conditions on surface waters, future drought conditions on surface waters, and the water supply of aquifers in Slovenia.

The assessments of climate change impacts on individual sectors will continue in the future. In 2019, the first part of the climate change impact assessment on water and energy sources will be prepared. In the context of impacts on energy resources, impact assessments will be prepared for wind potential, hydroelectric potential and temperature deficit and surplus. Considering the needs of individual sectors in the following years, we plan to assess climate change impacts on:

  • the potential of solar energy,
  • biodiversity,
  • the sea and the coast,
  • human health,
  • avalanches,
  • the occurrence of torrential floods, and
  • the danger of fires.

Research

Based on the results of previous years, an integrated indicator for drought monitoring in all sectors (meteorological, hydrological and agricultural droughts) will be developed for the needs of climate change impact assessment on water resources. With the newly developed water balance model mGROWA-SI, climate change impact assessments will be prepared for seasonal changes in the water balance, which will have a major impact not only on the energy sector, but on the entire water supply sector. The effects of seasonal changes will be explored for:

  • snow conditions (snow is an important water balance link for transferring water from the cold to the warm part of the year),
  • total outflow, and
  • the quantity of groundwater.

Stakeholders are being engaged as a part of general policy making. All major infrastructure projects and government plans have to assess climate change impacts, adaptation options and ensuing actions to be implemented during Environmental Impact Assessment procedures. The DG CLIMA's guidelines for integrating climate change related requirements for major projects in the 2014-2020 programming period have been translated and presented widely. A dedicated process to facilitate stakeholders' involvement forms and integral part in the preparation of all adaptation documents. Cooperation with external experts takes place, plans on how to involve stakeholders are developed and a number of public events and regular consultations with experts are held. A continuous process for improvement, especially of the coordination between policy-makers and science, is currently undertaken.

Governance

The Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change Adaptation, with members from all concerned ministries, agencies and government offices, serves as a main reference point during the process of developing adaptation policies, and is led by the Ministry with the help of external experts and the ARSO. Transboundary cooperation to address common challenges with relevant countries is conducted bilaterally and mostly in the cross border cooperation programmes based on an assessment of common priority sectors and risks such as floods. Recent natural disasters, such as floods, hailstorms and sleet have drawn more attention to the transboundary issues both in terms of preventive and relief actions.

Knowledge

The ARSO disseminates some information on adaptation and also regularly informs the public of extreme weather events. The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food have some information and material on adaptation-related issues, such as information on the impacts on agriculture. Other ministries and agencies provide educational and training materials related to measures in their sectors, which also contribute to increasing resilience to climate change impacts (such as energy efficiency, or the health protection programme).

There are regular calls for funding of programmes/activities to promote education and public awareness on impacts and adaptation to climate change, however very few selected projects are centered around climate change adaptation. The 'Slovenia is Reducing CO2: Good Practices' project carried out a selection and promotion of good practices and dissemination of information, including on adaptation. These have been widely disseminated and presented at various events, and also guidelines for decision-makers were prepared. Promotional and educational material is additionally made available and disseminated through participation in European projects, such as DriDanube. Despite quite a few activities being carried out, a capacity building and communication programme as such is only being developed and planned to be funded by the Climate Fund in the future.

Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning

National adaptation reference point

Barbara Simonič

Climate Change Unit

Dunajska cesta 47, SI – 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

Tel. +386 (0)1 478 7333

Mail barbara.simonic@gov.si

Website http://www.mop.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/podnebne_spremembe/prilagajanje_podnebnim_spremembam/

[Disclaimer]
The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries