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Last update:Nov 19, 2019

Item Status Links
National Adaptation Strategy
  • Adopted 
National Adaptation Plan
  • Adopted 
  • Adopted
Impacts, Vulnerability and adaptation assessments
  • Completed 

  • Completed
  • Completed

  • Completed

  • Completed

  • Completed
  • Completed
  • Completed
  • Completed
Research Programmes
  • Currently being undertaken


Meteorological observations
  • Established
Climate Projections and Services
  • Established
  • Established

CC IVA portals and platforms

  • Established
  • Established
Monitoring, Indicators, Methodologies
  • Being developed
  • Established
Monitoring Mechanism Regulation
  • Last reporting on Adaptation (Art. 15) submitted
National Communication to the UNFCCC 


  • Last National Communication Submitted

The Spanish National Adaptation Plan (PNACC), adopted in July 2006, is the reference framework for the development of adaptation policies in Spain. It promotes the coordination between all Public Administrations dealing with the assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. It includes all sectors and natural resources acknowledged as potentially affected and is developed through specific Work Programmes. At regional level, the vast majority of the Spanish Autonomous Communities have already adopted their adaptation strategies, plans or actions.

Adaptation Strategies

The Spanish National Adaptation Plan was adopted by the Council of Ministers after a wide consultation process that included the main coordination and participation bodies dealing with Climate Change in Spain: the National Climate Council (CNC), The Coordination Commission of Climate Change Policies (CCPCC) and the Environmental Sector Conference. The process engaged representatives from public administrations, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders. The Spanish Climate Change Office (OECC in Spanish) within the Ministry for the Ecological Transition, coordinates, manages and follows up the implementation of the PNACC and its Work Programmes. The Plan’s general objective is to mainstream climate change adaptation into the planning and management of vulnerable sectors and systems in Spain. Specific objectives include:

  • To develop the regional climate change scenarios for the Spanish geography
  • To develop and implement methods and tools to evaluate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change for all the relevant socioeconomic sectors and ecological systems
  • To incorporate the most relevant needs for assessment of the climate change impacts into the Spanish R&D&I system
  • To carry out iterative information and dissemination activities on the outcomes of the Plan
  • To promote the participation of all stakeholders -public and private- involved in the different sectors and systems, to mainstream adaptation to climate change into sectoral policies
  • To deliver specific reports on the results of the evaluations and projects, and periodical follow-up reports about the projects and the National Adaptation Plan as a whole.

Up to date, three PNACC Work Programmes have been adopted:

  • First Work Programme (WP1). Adopted in 2006, it was focused on developing a national programme on regionalised climate change scenarios, and on the assessment of climate change impacts and vulnerability in key and crosscutting sectors: water resources, biodiversity and coastal areas.
  • Second Work Programme (WP2). Adopted in 2009, it continued with the WP1 activities and set additional goals to address climate change adaptation in Spain, with the assessment of new sectors: forestry, agriculture, health and tourism. It comprises four axes for action: (i) sectoral impacts and vulnerability assessments, (ii) mainstreaming climate change adaptation into sectoral regulations and planning tools, (iii) mobilising sectoral stakeholders, and (iv) setting up an indicator system on climate change impacts and adaptation. Additionally, the WP2 builds on two basic pillars: (1) promoting R&D+I activities, and (2) reinforcing the coordination between all the administrative levels with responsibility for adaptation to climate change.
  • Third Work Programme (WP3), to be developed during 2014-2020. It follows the same structure as the Second Work Programme including additional vulnerable sectors and territories to be assessed such as islands and rural and urban areas, and is fully coherent with the European Adaptation Strategy. In this WP3, governance plays a key role to mainstream adaptation into all vulnerable sectors and territories, engaging both public and private actors involved.

Sub national level

At regional level, the vast majority of the Spanish Autonomous Communities have already adopted their adaptation strategies, plans or actions. Most of them have considered adaptation within general climate change strategies, frameworks or plans in the form of programmes, measures or actions, whereas some others have developed their own Adaptation Strategies or frameworks.The lines of work in which the Autonomous Communities have developed their strategies and plans are coherent with the National Adaptation Plan and its work programmes. In general terms, regional frameworks relating adaptation to climate change are focused on:

  • Generation and analysis of knowledge: They have covered most of the sectors identified by PNACC: Biodiversity, water resources, forests, agriculture, soils/desertification, human health, tourism…
  • Systematic climate observations.
  • Research of the climate system and climate change.

Local level

At local level, the Spanish Cities Network for Climate (RECC) is the Section of the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP). The RECC is a voluntary network of municipalities aimed at developing and promoting climate actions such as the establishment of adaptation strategies and plans. The Spanish Climate Change Office has promoted the development of a series of guidelines for the preparation of local plans for adaptation to climate change. Another outstanding element of local governance in the area of climate change is the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, which has 1,817 signatures corresponding to Spain, 335 of which have included commitments related to adaptation (as of 12 March 2019).

Sectoral level

For the time being, an adaptation strategy in coastal areas is being drafted to comply with the mandate given by Act 2/2013, dated 29th May, on protection and sustainable use of the coast and amending Law 22/1988, of July 28, on Coastal Areas. This strategy is being developed at National and Regional Level and coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment with the participation of the coastal Autonomous Communities. 

Implementation means

The PIMA-Adapta, Plan to Promote the Environment for Adaptation to Climate Change, is a tool for achieving the objectives of the PNACC. Initiated in 2015, this plan manages economic resources from the auctions of emission allowances. The modalities and themes to which these funds have been applied are water, coastal areas, National Prkas and biodiversity, ecosystems and grants following competitive calls.  

Monitoring, reporting and evaluation

Monitoring reports on the progress of the Spanish National Climate Change Adaptation Plan are carried out periodically by the OECC (Spanish Climate Change Office), in coordination with the GTIA (Working Group on Impacts and Adaptation with regional administrations), and adopted by the CCPCC and the CNC. Up to date, four monitoring reports, 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2018, have been produced. The Fourth Monitoring Report analyses the ongoing and completed activities undertaken in the period 2014-2018. Monitoring reports are structured according to the architecture of the PNACC (its axes and pillars) and they form the basis to follow up the progress in the implementation of the PNACC.

In addition, an in-depth evaluation of the Plan has been carried our in 2018-2019 with a view to its possible review for the period 2020-2030. The process is part of the activities included in the LIFE SHARA project and its results are available in the following documents:

Schedule and planned review/revision

After finishing the current Work Programme (2014-2020) a new NAP will be adopted for the period 2021-2030.

The 3rd PNACC Work Programme identifies priority sectors and actions to be implemented during the period 2014-2020. The Work Programme is structured into four axis:

  • Axis 1: Sectoral assessments of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation
  • Axis 2: Mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into legislation
  • Axis 3: Stakeholder engagement
  • Axis 4: Monitoring / system of indicators Moreover, two basic pillars have beeing defined:
    • Pillar 1: Co-ordination of national and regional adaptation strategies
    • Pillar 2: Strengthening of R&D and innovation

Sectors addressed in NAS/NAP

The following sectors have been considered by the PNACC-WP3 to address adaptation actions during the period 2014-2020:

    • Biodiversity
    • Forestry
    • Water
    • Soils
    • Agriculture, fishing, aquaculture
    • Tourism
    • Health
    • Finances/ Insurance
    • Energy
    • Industry
    • Transport
    • Urbanism and building
    • Hunting and inland fishing


    • Islands
    • Marine environment
    • Countryside
    • Urban areas
    • Mountains
    • Coastal Areas



Key actions implemented key actions on adaptation implemented are described in the 4th Monitoring report (2014-2018).

Mainstreaming of adaptation

Several sectoral laws at National level have mainstreamed adaptation considerations in recent years. Some examples are:

  • Royal Decree 903/2010, of July 9, on Assessment and Management of flood risks.
  • Law 41/2010 of December 29 on the Protection of the Marine Environment.
  • Law 33/2011, of October 4, on General Public Health.
  • Royal Decree 1274/2011, of September 16, on the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Strategic Plan 2011-2017.
  • Law 21/2013, of December 9, on Environmental Assessment.
  • Act 2/2013, dated 29th may, on protection and sustainable use of the coast and amending Law22/1988, of July 28, on Coastal Areas. Within the Law there is a mandate to develop an Adaptation Strategy in the Spanish Coast at National and regional Level which is being coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment with the participation of the affected Autonomous Communities.
  •  European Multi-annual Financial Framework (2014): Spanish Partnership Agreement and ERDF, EARDF, EMFF Operating Programs.
  • Law 33/2015, dated 21st September, amending Law 42/2007, of December 13, on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity. There is a mandate to develop the “National Strategy on Green Infrastructure, Connectivity and Ecological Restoration”, where adaptation to climate change is a key aspect to be integrated.

Additionally other plans, programs, projects, rules and legislation instruments have integrated impacts, vulnerability and adaptation during the 2011-18 period:

  • Approval of the first national sectoral adaptation plan: the Strategy for Adaptation of the Spanish Coast to Climate Change.
  • Incorporation of adaptation elements in new sectoral plans and programmes (basin hydrological plans, flood risk management plans, National Parks Network Master Plan, National Action Plan to prevent the effects of excess temperatures on health, etc.).
  • Progressive integration of adaptation into environmental assessment procedures.
  • The appearance of the first regional climate change law, which contemplates the integration of adaptation into sectoral planning and programming.


In 2014-2017, a total of 14 sectoral studies have been generated on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, in the sectors of biodiversity (1), water (1), soil-desertification (1), agriculture and aquaculture (4), tourism (2), energy (1), marine environment (1) and coastal zones (1). In addition, updated regionalized climate scenarios have been produced as they are an essential component of sectoral assessment of climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation.

Observations and projections

Observations Atmospheric climate data and analyses are provided by the Spanish Meteorological Agency (AEMET). Other data from the oceanic and terrestrial domains are collected by several institutions, and the OECC periodically coordinates their compilation. Projections - Regionalised climate change scenarios The production of regional climate change scenarios for the Spanish territory throughout the 21st century represents a key element of the PNACC. AEMET is responsible for coordinating this PNACC component, making them available in AEMET’s climate services website for all those interested in climate change projections for Spain. In the initial phase of PNACC, a first generation of regional projections was produced in 2007, based on the IPCC-TAR scenarios, together with the report "Generation of Regional Climate Change Scenarios for Spain". The second phase has produced the collection of projections ‘Scenarios-PNACC 2012', from the IPCC-4AR scenarios. They have been generated from different GCMs and scenarios, using both dynamic and statistical methods. Additionally, a more friendly and user-focused set of products has been elaborated, based on the results of a producers-users workshop held in 2011. A third collection of regional climate change scenarios for Spain derived from IPCC AR5 scenarios has been produced by AEMET. In order to facilitate the use of these downscaled climate change scenarios, OECC has developed a flexible and friendly tool that allows users to query specific consultation according to their needs. This tool has a visual and intuitive interface with graphic and cartographic facilities and downloadable products, and it has been integrated in the adaptation platform AdapteCCa together with a friendly tool tailored to user needs, in order to improve the products of climate projections and services.

Impact and Vulnerability Assessment

The first report that summarized and integrated IVA studies was "A Preliminary Assessment of the Impacts in Spain due to the Effects of Climate Change". It was published in 2005. The full report –in Spanish and English versions- is available on the website of the Spanish Climate Change Office, and had the following characteristics:

  • It was promoted by OECC, and includes the participation of more than 400 experts.
  • It was structured homogenously for each socioeconomic sector and each ecological system.
  • It provided an overarching approach and was the baseline for the development of the PNACC.
  • It assessed the following sectors: terrestrial ecosystems, agriculture, inland aquatic ecosystems, coastal areas, marine ecosystems and the fisheries, natural hazards related to climate, biodiversity, energy, tourism, insurance, soils, human health and forestry.

Since the release of this report many sectoral assessments on impacts and vulnerability to climate change have been produced within the PNACC framework including:

  • Water:
    • Assessment of Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources and Water Bodies (2012).
    • Impacts of climate change on water resources and droughts in Spain (2017). This study is complemented with a computer application (CAMREC) that facilitates the consultation and analysis of the maps that summarize the results of the study (GIS).
  • Biodiversity:
    • Woodlands and biodiversity and climate change: impacts, vulnerability and adaptation in Spain (2015)
    • Assessment of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to climate change in Spanish biodiversity (2011). The project produced two documents: 1) Flora and vegetation 2) Vertebrates
  • Climate change and invasive species:
    • Knowledge base on impacts and vulnerability (2011)
  • Agriculture:
    • Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in agriculture. Current knowledge and management practices in Spain (2016).
    • Climate change and vineyards in Spain (2016).
    • Impacts of Climate Change on Aquaculture in Spain (2014).
    • Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in extensive livestock production systems in Spain (2017).
    • Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Mediterranean beekeeping (2017).
  • Forestry:
    • Evaluation and Review of Forest Management Practices for an adaptative management of the Spanish Forestry against Climate Change (2011).
  • Soils / desertification:
    • Impacts of climate change in desertification processes in Spain (2016)
  • Coastal areas:
    • Climate Change in the Spanish Coast (C3E). It entails: 1) a web viewer, 2) an online data base, 3) a simulator of the changes of the coastal dynamics by the effects of climate change, 4) a final report on the main outcomes.
    • Pilot project to develop a high resolution tool to assess climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation in the coast of a Spanish region: Asturias (C3E-Asturias)
  • Marine environment:
    • Climate change in the Spanish marine environment: impacts, vulnerability and adaptation (2016)
  • Health:
    • Impacts of climate change in health (2014)
    • Health and climate change indicators (2016)
  • Transport:
    • Adaptation needs in the transport infraestructure in Spain (2013)
    • Sections of the state-owned inland transport infrastructure network that merit priority attention because of climate variability and change (2018)
  • Tourism:
  • Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in the tourism sector (2016)
  • Adaptation to climate change in costal urban areas (2017)

All available studies can be downloded (in Spanish)


Programmes addressing adaptation knowledge

In 2013, the Government approved the Spanish Science and Technology and Innovation Strategy (2013-2020) and the State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2013-2016, both aligned with the European objectives defined in the European framework programme, 'Horizon 2020', so that the agents of the Spanish R&D&I System have a sound framework to promote collaboration within the EU. The State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2017-2020 includes a section entitled "Climate Change and Utilization of Resources and Raw Materials".

The following strategies, plans and instruments have specific references to the research needs of the PNACC:

National level:

  • Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation (2013-2020)
  • State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation (2017-2020)
  • National Parks Grants: they provide support for research on global change in these protected areas
  • Biodiversity Foundation Grants: they provide co-financing grants for the development of projects related to climate change adaptation issues.

Sectoral strategies:

  • National Programme for Agrofood and Forestry Innovation and Research

Regional level:

  • Strategies and instruments for planning and management system of R+D+I.

Institutions and scientific networks:

  • The State Research Agency (AEI) is an instrument for the management and financing of public funds earmarked for R&D&I activities.
  • The Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI) is the entity that channels the funding and supports applications for national and international R&D&i projects of Spanish companies, including those related to climate change issues.

Research Networks

  • The Thematic Network CLIVAR-Spain promotes and coordinates the Spanish contribution to CLIVAR (Climate Variability and Predictability)

Research Centres:

Spain participates in the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural GHG (GRA in English) with the establishment of a nationwide network with the participation of about 100 experts. Adaptation to climate change is included among its research fields. There are several technological and research centres on climate science and climate change adaptation at regional and national level that develop R+D+I in their respective sectors.

Main transferable projects:

The abovementioned C3E project provides a valuable tool that has been transferred to Latin America: Regional study on the effects of climate change on the coasts of Latin America and the Caribbean, (C3A project ), and is now available for use by the countries from the region. The methodology and related tools were developed in the framework of the Iberoamerican Network for Climate Change Offices (RIOCC), with the aim of promoting adaptation measures and performing an economic analysis of their implications in coastal areas.

Monitoring progress

An important and cross-cutting aspect of adaptation to climate change is to have a system of indicators of impacts and adaptation to climate change, in order to have a monitoring and evaluation tool to guide the successive developments of the PNACC. Work is currently underway on the design of a set of indicators of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Spain. This work is being developed in the context of the evaluation of the National Adaptation Plan. In 2016 a system of indicators was already developed in a highly relevant sector: health and climate change.

On the other hand, in the period 2014-2018 some specific works have been developed to go deeper into specific aspects, highlighting the following:

  • Bibliometric analysis of Spanish scientific production: in order to gain a better understanding of the production of scientific knowledge carried out in Spain in the field of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, within the framework of the LIFE SHARA project, a bibliometric analysis has been carried out on the scientific production developed with the participation of Spanish researchers in the period 1996-2016. This work will be completed with an analysis of the social repercussions of the publications.
  • Analysis of cases of good practices in the field of adaptation: In 2017, within the framework of the LIFE SHARA project, a new line of work aimed at identifying and describing cases of good practice in the field of adaptation was initiated.
  • At the same time, the AdapteCCa platform is developing a module of practical cases, which will make it possible to consult Spanish and European cases, through a cross-harvesting option both in AdapteCCa and Climate Adapt.  


Stakeholder's engagement is one of the key axis of the 3rd PNACC Work Programme.

Main tools used for this purpose are:

  • Public Participation
  • Information and communication
  • Training
  • Social research 


The Spanish Climate Change Office (OECC) is the body within the Central Administration (Ministry for the Ecological Transition) in charge of developing, implementing and monitoring the PNACC. It performs its tasks together with other Units from the Ministry such as Water, Coastal and Marine Areas, Biodiversity, AEMET and OAPN, and other Ministries (Forest, Agriculture and Rural Development, Health, Transport…). Additionally the OECC works in closed collaboration with the Autonomous Communities, Local Administrations, Research Centres and other stakeholders to implement its lines of action as reflected in the Work Programmes.

In this regard, the Working Group on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation (GTIA) was created in 2007 with representatives from the Central Administration and the Autonomous Communities, to coordinate adaptation strategies, plans and actions developed at national and regional level. On top of that, there are other coordinating Bodies involved in the PNACC:

  • THE NATIONAL CLIMATE COUNCIL (CNC), linked to the Ministry of Environment, involves different Departments of the National Administration, the Autonomous Communities, the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces, representatives from research institutions, social actors and nongovernmental organizations. Among its tasks, the Council draws proposals and recommendations to define policies to fight against climate change in the areas of climate change science, impacts and adaptation strategies, as well as strategies to limit GHGs emissions.
  • THE COORDINATION COMMISSION OF CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES (CCPCC) is a coordination and collaboration body between the National and Regional Administrations for all matters related to climate change. Local entities are also represented in this Commission. Some of the functions entrusted to the CCPCC are: -Follow-up of climate change and adaptation to its effects. -Prevention and reduction of GHGs emissions. -The promotion of carbon absorption capacity of vegetation.
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL SECTOR CONFERENCE is a political high-level cooperation body with a multilateral composition that brings together members of the Ministry of the Environment, on the State General Administration, and members of the Environmental Council, representing the Administrations of the Autonomous Communities.

The LIFE-SHARA project - The LIFE-SHARA proposal (LIFE15 GIC/ES/000033) was selected in 2016 for the period 2016-2021. The OECC has the technical direction role of the project, with the general objective of strengthening the governance of adaptation and increasing the resilience against climate change. It brings together partners from Spain and Portugal, and its expected results include improving the Spanish adaptation platform AdapteCCa (in terms of contents and functionalities), involving key stakeholders to work together and mainstream adaptation into their planning and managing activities, expanding the level of awareness and building capacities for adaptation to climate change. LIFE SHARA lays the grounds for a long term transnational cooperation mechanism between the Adaptation Units of Portugal and Spain, that will catalyze joint actions and projects and will conduct to the organization of the first Iberian Conference on Adaptation to Climate Change.


  • Regional: 19 Regional Administrations (17 Autonomous Communities and 2 Autonomous Cities) Each Regional Administration elaborates and implements Adaptation Strategies and Plans according to its vulnerabilities and capacities in coordination with the Spanish National Climate Change Adaptation Plan. See Regional Adaptation strategies/plans 
  • Local (Municipal): The Spanish Cities Network for Climate (RECC) is a voluntary network of municipalities aimed at developing and promoting climate actions such as the establishment of adaptation strategies and plans. Another outstanding element of local governance in the area of climate change is the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, which has 1,817 signatures corresponding to Spain, 335 of which have included commitments related to adaptation (as of 12 March 2019).


A pilot project (called Iniciativa ADAPTA) has been developed by the OECC in collaboration with five main national companies in key sectors of the Spanish economy: tourism, energy, transport, construction and food industry, pioneers in adaptation to climate change. Its main aim is to explore adaptation options and tools to incorporate risk and vulnerability considerations into different business strategies. A second phase of this pilot project (ADAPTA-2) has concluded in 2016, with the application of several methods to assess economic costs and benefits of different adaptation measures in two main energy and infrastructure companies.


Adaptation platform (Adaptecca): AdapteCCa is a tool for the exchange of information and the enhancement of coordination among administrations and key stakeholders on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. This project is a joint initiative of the Spanish Climate Change Office and the Biodiversity Foundation which arose within the GTIA. It promotes the coordination and transfer of information, knowledge and experiences between the different Spanish administrations and the scientific community, planners and managers, both public and private, and other agents, allowing a multi-directional communication channel between them. AdapteCCa was launched in 2013 after a wide participatory process with potential users and stakeholders to design the structure, contents and functionalities of the platform. Main characteristics of AdapteCCa are:

  • Heart of the platform: Information repository > System that allows to upload, post, store, search and retrieve information on adaptation to climate change.
  • Private space: the platform allows users to create permanent or ad-hoc Working Groups for specific purposes.
  • Knowledge transfer activities:
    • Program on PNACC sectoral workshops. (See the information below)
    • Open information sessions, most of which are aimed at presenting the results of the impact, vulnerability and adaptation studies carried out within the framework of the PNACC.
  • International cooperation - Within the PNACC, several procedures and guidelines have been identified to facilitate adaptation.
  • Highlights:
    • Climate change and occupational health
    • Information, communication, awareness-raising and training on climate change adaptation measures in agriculture and livestock.
    • Methodological guide for the participatory development of drought risk management plans in small and medium-sized populations
  • Programmes/activities to promote education and public awareness on impacts and adaptation to climate change:
    • Adaptation to climate change is disseminated in the "Answers to Climate Change from Communication and Education" initiative. This is a permanent learning and cooperation network, driven jointly by CENEAM (National Centre for Environmental Education) and OECC, which brings together nearly a hundred professionals from the educational and communication sector to develop activities with regards to information, communication and education on climate change such as workshops and publications.
  • The implementation of the LIFE-SHARA project "Sharing awareness and governance of adaptation to climate change" marks a turning point in the development of dissemination, training and cooperation actions on adaptation to climate change. Its activities include an informative exposition , dissemination of inspiring experiences , basic training on adaptation for technicians and professionals (local administration, technical-scientific field and university teachers), etc.
  • Public information campaigns, awareness-raising materials, resource or information centres, etc.:
    • Production of educational and awareness raising materials (atlases, data sheets on progress recorded in sectoral assessments, CDs, leaflets). Apart from the materials related to the outcomes of the PNACC, the OECC has compiled and produced its own brochures on the latest findings from IPCC AR5 and the special report “Global Warming of 1.5 ºC”.
    • Electronic newsletters with information on the activities carried out within the PNACC.
    • Participation in National and International fora, meetings and events to disseminate the progress of the PNACC.
    • The PNACC has been integrated in the programming of numerous training activities, from official education courses to specific courses for certain professional groups, master courses, summer courses, etc.
    • Program on PNACC sectoral workshops: OECC organises jointly with CENEAM periodical sectoral workshops to raise awareness and bring together stakeholders from different fields. The aim of the sessions is the promotion of adaptation through the exchange of knowledge and good practices as well as the discussions on upcoming proposals and projects.
    • Some of the sectoral workshops on the findings of the PNACC that have been organised are: Climate change and biodiversity conservation, Climate change scenarios and regionalization, Adaptation to climate change in forestry, Biodiversity and forestry, Agriculture, Marine Environment, Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into Protected Areas planning and management, Insurance sector, Arable and industrial crops, and Water management in the Iberian context.
    • Responses to queries and requests for information

International dimensions

The OECC regularly participates in a series of technical forums of different territorial scales:

  • Working Group on Adaptation (WG6)
  • Group on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (EIONET)
  • Expert Group on Adaptation (EGA)
  • RIOCC technical meetings and workshops
  • Hispano-Portuguese Working Group on Adaptation to Climate Change

Cross-border coordination:

  • The Pyrenean Observatory of Climate Change (OPCC): it is a cross-border initiative for territorial cooperation on climate change launched in 2010 by the Pyrenees Working Community (CTP). The members of the CTP, and therefore of the OPCC, are the Principality of Andorra and the Governments of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Aragón, Catalunya, Euskadi, Navarra, and Occitanie. Since November 2017, the Autonomous Community of Aragon has held the presidency of the Pyrenees Community Consortium. The aim of the OPCC is to monitor and understand the phenomenon of climate change in the Pyrenees in order to help the territory adapt to its impacts. The OPCC coordinates and capitalises on the results of various projects related to climate change in the Pyrenees: climate, the hydrological cycle, forests, sensitive or especially vulnerable ecosystems and, across socio-economic sectors.
  • Iberian Coordination Working Group: Created in 2017 within the framework of the LIFE SHARA project, a technical coordination WG has been created by the adaptation units of Spain and Portugal.
  • International cooperation: Spain coordinates the Iberoamerican Network of Climate Change Offices (RIOCC).This network creates a technical space for the exchange of experiences on climate change, including adaptation, and is an opportunity for the identification of synergies, strengths and priorities from a cooperation and support perspective, promoting North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation. 


Spanish Climate Change Office (Ministry of Ecological Transition)

Adaptation Unit

C/ Alcalá, 92 - 28009 Madrid



The information presented in these pages is based on the reporting according to the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013) and updates by the EEA member countries