Home Database Indicators Climate suitability for infectious disease transmission - Vibrio

Climate suitability for infectious disease transmission - Vibrio


Vibrio bacteria are found in lowly saline, warm waters and can cause a range of human infections, including gastroenteritis, wound infections or blood poisoning (septicaemia). This indicator assesses the influence of a changing climate on the environmental suitability for the transmission of these infectious diseases.


The indicator is based on infection rates derived from USA data, but its calculation would benefit from a more accurate infection rate specific for the European context and adjusted for surveillance limitations and underreporting in different countries.

Sea surface salinity data in coastal regions are prone to biases in salinity variability due to heavy rainfall, river runoff or ice melting events.

The indicator is based on suitable climate conditions only, disregarding other potentially important drivers (e.g., population growth), environmental predictors of pathogenic Vibrio infections (e.g., cholorphyll-a, turbidity) or observed disease case data.

Reference information



van Daalen, K. R., et al., 2022, ‘The 2022 Europe report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: towards a climate resilient future’, The Lancet Public Health 7(11), pp. E942-E965. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(22)00197-9


Data sources:

  1. Population data: Eurostat GEOSTAT gridded population data
  2. Sea surface temperature: NASA GHRSST level 4 MUR global foundation Sea Surface Temperature analysis dataset (v4.1)
  3. Sea surface salinity data: EU Copernicus Marine Service Global Ocean Physics Reanalysis
Lancet Countdown in Europe
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

Published in Climate-ADAPT Feb 17 2021   -   Last Modified in Climate-ADAPT Dec 07 2022

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