Home Database Indicators Global and European sea-level rise

Global and European sea-level rise


  • Global mean sea level (GMSL) has risen about 21 cm since 1900, at an accelerating rate. GMSL reached its highest value ever in 2020.
  • GMSL will likely rise by 0.28-0.55 m under a very low emissions scenario (SSP1-1.9) and 0.63-1.02m under a very high emissions scenario (SSP5-8.5) by 2100, relative to the 1995-2014 average. GMSL simulations that include the possibility of fast disintegration of the polar ice sheets project a rise of up to 5 m by 2150.
  • Most coastal regions in Europe have experienced an increase in sea level relative to land, except for the northern Baltic Sea coast.

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Published in Climate-ADAPT Jun 07 2016   -   Last Modified in Climate-ADAPT Feb 04 2023

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