Home Database Indicators Vulnerability to extremes of heat in Europe

Vulnerability to extremes of heat in Europe


People over 65 years of age, particularly those with chronic medical conditions (such as diabetes and heart, lung and kidney disease), are among the most vulnerable to the health effects of heatwaves. In a world that is increasingly warming due to climate change, this indicator measures the vulnerability to heat of populations around the world.


This indicator does not capture the effect of adaptation measures in place, such as heat early warning systems, cooling devices, and green areas in cities.

Reference information

  • Global Burden of Disease Study, 2017. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

  • 2018 Revision of the World Urbanization Prospects. United Nations DESA/Population Division
The Lancet Countdown: Tracking Progress on Health and Climate Change

Published in Climate-ADAPT Jan 19 2021   -   Last Modified in Climate-ADAPT Sep 10 2022

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