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Water temperature (no further updates)


  • Water temperatures in major European rivers have increased by 1–3 °C over the last century. Several time series show increasing lake and river temperatures all over Europe since the early 1900s.
  • Lake and river surface water temperatures are projected to increase further with projected increases in air temperature.
  • Increased water temperature can result in marked changes in species composition and functioning of aquatic ecosystems.

Reference information


Published in Climate-ADAPT Jun 07 2016   -   Last Modified in Climate-ADAPT Sep 10 2022

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