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The International Association of National Public Health Institutes (IANPHI)


IANPHI is the only organization that strengthens national public health institutes (NPHIs) using an evidence-based international framework for development. Its unique peer-to-peer model, supported by targeted investments, leads to long-term national self-sufficiency. Since 2006 our investments have measurably improved capacity in 45 countries.

IANPHI is also a professional network of NPHI directors. They are accomplished and highly-regarded global leaders, who share a wealth of public health insight and practical solutions that hold promise for a healthier, more secure world. Individually, they lead their countries’ efforts to protect and improve health. Collectively, they comprise a unique global resource to strengthen national public health capacity and diminish collective vulnerabilities around the world.

To do the job of public health – detect, measure, and tackle health challenges through population-based interventions – every country must carry out a set of functions that are the cornerstone of strong public health systems. Key among these are: 

  • Population health assessment (assessing the health status of the population)
  • Health protection (surveillance and response)
  • Research (evidence to inform policies and programs)

Many countries consolidate these functions organizationally in a “national public health institute” – a science-based organization (or network of organizations) that provides leadership and coordination for public health at the national level. In most cases, NPHIs are part of the government (usually under the Ministry of Health) or closely attached to it.

The world's NPHIs vary greatly. Yet, despite their differences in history, scope, and resources, NPHIs all provide core public health functions that improve their countries’ efforts to address public health challenges both within and beyond their borders. Consolidating these functions — and the associated skills, disciplines, experience, and expertise — in an NPHI provides many benefits:

  • Improved delivery of public health services
  • More efficient use of funds
  • Ability to generate and share knowledge, data, and evidence to inform public health decisions and policies
  • Increased capacity to mount a quick, decisive, and coordinated response during a public health emergency
  • Visible national leadership for public health issues
  • Ability to develop public health policy agendas and resource allocation in line with the country’s own priorities
  • Consistent policies and harmonized procedures
  • Linkages among all those working to improve public health in the country.

Reference information


Published in Climate-ADAPT Mar 23 2022   -   Last Modified in Climate-ADAPT Sep 10 2022

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