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5

Implementing adaptation

5.2 Finding examples of adaptation action plans

Adaptation strategies and action plans already developed by European municipalities can serve as helpful examples for those cities embarking on the road to develop their own adaptation planning documents. It should be noted  that adaptation plans can be very different in their content, ambition and coverage. Therefore, it is best to examine several documents, compare and use their best aspects as practical examples. It is also recommended to establish contacts with other urban areas facing similar climatic challenges.

Some examples of adaptation plans are available in the table below.

More examples of adaptation action plans can be found on the Covenant of Mayors website (under the filter field ‘Commitment’ > ‘Adaptation’).

Country

City

Main climate impacts

Links to strategy or plan

AT

Vienna

Heat island effect

Urban Heat Island Strategy (DE) (2015)

BE

Ghent

Heat waves, Water shortage, Extreme rainfalls

Adaptation Plan 2016-2019 (EN) (2016)

BE

Antwerp

Sea level rise, Storms

Adaptation Plan (NL) (2016)

BG

Sofia

Extreme heat, Floods

Climate Adaptation Strategy (BG) (2016)

CZ

Prague

Heat waves, Drought

Adaptation Strategy (CZ) (2016)

DE

Dresden

Floods, Heat waves, Heavy rain, Drought

Dresden Region Climate Change Adaptation Programme (DE) (2013)

 

DE

Hamburg

Floods

Climate Action Plan Brochure (EN) (2011)

Action Plan for Climate Adaptation (DE) (2013)

DE

Stuttgart

Heat island effect, Extreme precipitation, Floods

Climate Adaptation Concept (DE) (2013)

DE

Offenbach

Extreme rain, Extreme heat, Drought

Climate Adaptation Strategy (DE) (2017)

DK

Copenhagen

Floods, Extreme rainfalls

Climate Adaptation Plan (EN) (2011)

DK

Vejle

Floods, Sea level rise, Extreme rainfalls

Vejle Resilience Strategy (EN, DK) (2016)

ES

Bullas

Drought, Water scarcity, Heat waves

Local Adaptation Plan (EN)(2013)

FI

Helsinki

Floods, Sea level rise, Heat waves

Helsinki Metropolitan Area Adaptation Strategy (EN) (2012)

FR

Paris

Heat waves, Extreme rainfalls, Storms, Drought, Floods, Heat island effect

Adaptation Strategy (EN) (2015)

Adaptation Strategy (FR) (2015)

GB

London

Heat/cold waves, Floods, Drought, Storms

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (EN) (2011)

IT

Ancona

Heat, Floods

Adaptation Plan (IT) (2013/14)

 

IT

Bologna

Drought, Water scarcity, Heat waves, Extreme rainfalls

Local Adaptation Plan (IT) (2015)

Other relevant documents (IT, EN) (2015)

 

NL

Rotterdam

Floods, Heat waves

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (EN) (2013)

PT

Cascais

Heat waves, Floods, Sea Level Rise

Cascais Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan (PT) (2017)

PT

Barreiro

Extreme rainfalls, Floods, Sea level rise

Adaptation Strategy (PT) (2016)

SE

Växjö

Floods, Storms, Heat island effect

Climate Adaptation Plan (SE) (2013)

SK

Bratislava

Heat island effect, Extreme rainfalls, Drought

Adaptation Strategy (SK) (2014)