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Guidance Document

Guidelines on Climate Change and Natura 2000


These guidelines are primarily aimed at Natura 2000 site managers and policy-makers. The purpose is to underline benefits from Natura 2000 sites in mitigating the impacts of climate change, reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience, and how adaptation of management for species and habitats protected by Natura 2000 can be used to tackle the effects of climate change.

In focusing on what needs to be done, the guidelines identify opportunities for sensible adaptive planning. Often, this will involve integrated action between environmental and other sectors in order to realise multiple, and multiplier, benefits for nature and society. Looking to achieve better knowledge, implementation of the types of actions described in the guidelines will generate new evidence and build experience. Developing practi cal know-how is essential to increase the effectiveness of responses to climate change, assisting the review and refinement of practical ways to address climate change in future.

Reference information

DG Environment


abiotic conditions, biogeographical region, buffer zones, connectivity, decision framework, ecosystem services, heterogeneity, integrative approach, natura 2000, resilience

Climate impacts

Extreme Temperatures, Water Scarcity, Flooding, Sea Level Rise, Droughts, Storms, Ice and Snow


Adaptation Measures and Actions, Sector Policies



Geographic characterisation


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