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(u'forestryINDICATOR', u'sect_forest', u'biodiversity_ind', u'carpath_I', u'obs_scen_ter', u'ast2_0')
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Forest composition and distribution


  • Range shifts in forest tree species due to climate change have been observed towards higher altitudes and latitudes. These changes considerably affect the forest structure and the functioning of forest ecosystems and their services.
  • Future climate change and increasing CO2 concentrations are expected to affect site suitability, productivity, species composition and biodiversity. In general, forest growth is projected to increase in northern Europe and to decrease in southern Europe, but with substantial regional variation. Cold-adapted coniferous tree species are projected to lose large fractions of their ranges to more drought-adapted broadleaf species.
  • The projected changes will have an impact on the goods and services that forests provide. For example, the value of forest land in Europe is projected to decrease between 14 and 50 % during the 21st century

Reference information



CLIM034, drought, forest, phenology, species, vegetation distribution

Climate impacts

Droughts, Extreme Temperatures


Observations and Scenarios


Biodiversity, Forestry

Geographic characterization


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