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(u'transportindicator', u'carpath_I', u'ast0_1', u'obs_scen_cry')
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Snow cover


  • Snow cover extent in the Northern Hemisphere has declined significantly over the past 90 years, with most of the reductions occurring since 1980. Snow cover extent has decreased by 7% on average in March and April and by 53% in June over the 1967–2012 period.
  • Snow mass in the Northern hemisphere has decreased by 7 % in March from 1982 to 2009; snow mass in Europe has decreased even more, but with large inter-annual variation.
  • Model simulations project widespread reductions in the extent and duration of snow cover in Europe over the 21st century.
  • Changes in snow cover affect the Earth’s surface reflectivity, water resources, the flora and fauna and their ecology, agriculture, forestry, tourism, snow sports, transport and power generation.

Reference information

EEA - Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012 report


CLIM008, snow cover

Climate impacts

Ice and Snow


Observations and Scenarios


Agriculture, Biodiversity, Buildings, Energy, Forestry, Transport, Water management

Geographic characterization


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